- Labor Code of the Philippines
The Labor Code of the Philippines stands as the law governing
employmentpractices and labor relationsin the Philippines. It was enacted in 1974by President Ferdinand Marcos, in the exercise of his then extant legislative powers.
The Labor Code prescribes the rules for hiring and termination of private employees; the conditions of work including maximum work hours and
overtime; employee benefits such as holiday pay, thirteenth month payand retirementpay; and the guidelines in the organization and membership in labor unions as well as in collective bargaining.
The Labor Code contains several provisions which are beneficial to labor. Private employees cannot be terminated from employment except for just or authorized causes as prescribed in Article 282 to 284 of the Code. The right to trade union is expressly recognized, as is the right of a union to insist on a
closed shop. Strikes are also authorized for as long as they comply with the strict requirements under the Code, and workers who organize or participate in illegal strikes may be subject to dismissal. Moreover, Philippine jurisprudencehas long applied a rule that any doubts in the interpretation of law, especially the Labor Code, will be resolved in favor of labor and against management.
Philippine legal codes
* [http://www.dole.gov.ph/laborcode/ Labor Code of the Philippines] - "from
websiteof the Department of Labor and Employment"
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