- Treetrunk coffin
A treetrunk coffin, hollowed out of a single massive log, is a feature of some prehistoric elite burials over a wide range especially in Northern Europe aa far east as the
Balts, who abandoned cremation about the first century CE, and in central Lithuania, buried their elite in treetrunk coffins [ Marija Gimbutas, "The Balts" (1963) ch. V, p. 112 ( [http://www.vaidilute.com/books/gimbutas/gimbutas-05.html on-line text] ).] . The practice survived Christianizationinto the Middle Ages. The coffin in which the body of King Arthurwas said to have been discovered, at Glastonbury Abbeyin 1191, was described by the contemporary chronicler Giraldus Cambrensisas being of a massive oak treetrunk. For Bronze AgeBritain, examples have been recorded at Wydon Eals, near Haltshistle, and at Cartington, Co. Durham, ["The Cartington Early Bronze Age burial was discovered in 1913 during ploughing operations. Beneath a block of stone was found an oak "trough" or tree trunk coffin, 1.67m (5 ft 6 in) long and 0.5 to 0.63m (20 to 25 in) wide. Some teeth and a cast of a leg bone in the clay filling were all the human remains. Other items included fragments of stitched calfskin, a drinking cup, and a flint scraper. Radiocarbon dating gave a date range 2400-2200 BCE ( [http://www.durham.gov.uk/durhamcc/K2P.nsf/K2PDetail?readform&PRN=N2737 on-line text] ).] in Scotland, Yorkshire, East Anglia ( Liss, northeast Hampshire, for instance). In Yorkshire, "Gristhorpe Man", [ [http://www.stonepages.com/news/archives/002055.html "Gristhorpe Man: a Bronze Age warrior?"] ] a well-preserved human of the second millennium BCE, who was found 10 July 1834 under an ancient burial mound buried in a hollow oak tree trunk, is conserved at the Rotunda Museum, Scarborough: he was wrapped in an animal skin with a whalebone and bronze dagger and food for his journey. At the the abbey of Munsterbilzen, Belgium, ten graves with massive treetrunk coffins were discovered in 2006.Fact|date=October 2007
Because hollowed trunks suggest dugout boats, such burials are sometimes described as boat burials. In Yanjinggou Developing Zone of
Chengdusuch a "boat burial' in a hollowed-out treetrunk found in 2006 was dated to the Warring StatesEra (475 - 221 BCE); it contained copper objects, bronze weapons, pottery and lacquer wares, seeds and peach pits. Its burial was the most recent of eight burials in coffins hollowed out of single tree trunks one and a half meters in diameter, five meters in length, with tapered ends bow and stern.
The phenomenon was not restricted to regions where massive timber was abundant. In Egypt, the conservation of a first century cypresswood coffin hollowed from a single log, from a burial at Touna El Gebel has been described. [ [http://www.morana-rtd.com/e-preservationscience/2006/Zidan-27-10-2005.pdf Y. Zidan et al., "The conservation of a wooden Graeco-Roman coffin box"] ]
* [http://en.epochtimes.com/news/6-12-17/49439.html "3000-Year-Old Boat Coffin Contents Suggest Owner of Prominence"] 17 December 2006.
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