Del Norte County, California


Del Norte County, California
County of Del Norte
—  County  —

Seal
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
Country  United States
State  California
Region California North Coast
Incorporated 1857
Named for "Of the North" (Spanish: Del norte)
County seat Crescent City
Largest city Crescent City
Area
 – Total 1,229.75 sq mi (3,185 km2)
 – Land 1,007.81 sq mi (2,610.2 km2)
 – Water 221.94 sq mi (574.8 km2)
Population (2010)
 – Total 28,610
 – Density 23.3/sq mi (9/km2)
Time zone Pacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 – Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
Area code(s) 707, 541
Website www.co.del-norte.ca.us

Del Norte County is a county located at the far northwest corner of the U.S. state of California on the Pacific adjacent to the Oregon border. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 28,610. The county seat is Crescent City, the county's only incorporated city. Del Norte is the abbreviated Spanish nickname for "the land of the north" (la tierra del norte). Despite its Spanish etymology, official pronunciation of the name is to drop the trailing "e" and simply say "Del Nort."

The rural county is notable for forests containing giant Coast Redwoods, with some attaining heights over 350 feet (110 m). This northernmost county on the California coast also has scores of unique plants and flowers, dozens of species of coastal birds and fish, rocky primitive beaches and sea stacks, pristine rivers, and historic lighthouses. Del Norte is also known among Bigfoot enthusiasts as the location of the famous Patterson-Gimlin film, as well as being the location of some of the forest scenes used in Star Wars: Return of the Jedi.

Contents

History

The area that is now known as Del Norte was and still is inhabited by the Yurok (Klamath River Indians) and Tolowa Nations of indigenous peoples. The first European American to explore this land was pioneer Jedediah Smith in the mid-19th century. He was the first European American to reach the area overland on foot in a time before the European Americans knew anything about such a distant territory. For him it was literally "Land's End" — where the American continent ended at the Pacific Ocean. In 1855 Congress authorized the building of a lighthouse at "the battery point" (a high tide island on the coast of Crescent City) which is still functioning as a historical landmark.

Del Norte County was founded in 1857, from part of the territory of Klamath County following the great California Gold Rush. Klamath County itself ceased to exist in 1874.

Education

Del Norte County is home to a satellite campus of College of the Redwoods, a two-year college based in Humboldt County.

The Del Norte County Unified School District provides public education to the children of Del Norte County through the twelfth grade. The primary high school in Del Norte County is Del Norte High School, whose school mascot is the Warrior.

Del Norte County has several private parochial schools and charter schools.

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 1,229.75 square miles (3,185.0 km2), of which 1,007.81 square miles (2,610.2 km2) (or 81.95%) is land and 221.94 square miles (574.8 km2) (or 18.05%) is water.[1]


The mountainous terrain associated with the Coastal Range and the Klamath Mountains dominates Del Norte County’s geography. Elevation ranges from sea level to over 9,000 feet. Although much of the county is made up of steep terrain, there are small patches of flat terrain along the coast and in isolated mountain valleys. There are 37 miles of coastline in the county, forming a coastal zone that covers approximately 51,000 acres (80 square miles). A broad coastal plain can be found in the northwest portion of the county with the western edge of the Klamath Mountains as its easterly boundary. Rising abruptly from the coastal plain, the Klamath Mountains extend north into Oregon and are situated between the Cascade Range to the east and the Coast Range to the north. [2]

Beaches

  • Pelican State Beach

Recreation area

  • Smith River National Recreation Area
  • All Terrain Vehicles are permitted on certain roads in the Pacific Shores Subdivision off of Kellogg Road and on the beach to the border of the Tolowa Dunes State Park

Rivers

Wildlife Refuge

  • Castle Rock National Wildlife Refuge

Parks

Marshall Pond near the Klamath River, Redwood National and State Parks.

Cities and towns

Crescent City is the only incorporated city in Del Norte County. Its population count includes the inmates of Pelican Bay State Prison located ten miles north of the city.

The communities of Del Norte County include: Crescent City North, Fort Dick, Gasquet, Hiouchi, Klamath, Patrick Creek, Douglas Park, Darlingtonia, and Smith River.

Adjacent counties

Flora and fauna

There is a diversity of flora and fauna within Del Norte County. Vegetative plant associations feature several forest types including mixed oak forest. The California endemic Blue oak, Quercus douglasii is at the northernmost part of it its range in Del Norte County.[3] The Black Oak and Douglas-fir are also found in Del Norte County.

Transportation Infrastructure

Major highways

Public transportation

Local public transit is provided by Redwood Coast Transit, which provides access to Amtrak passenger train (via Amtrak bus) service.

Airports

SkyWest Airlines conducts passenger flights to and from Jack McNamara Field Airport. The majority of flights connect to San Francisco International Airport through Arcata-Eureka Airport and vice-versa, although a connection is also available to Sacramento.

Harbor

The Crescent City Harbor serves as a commercial fishing port for salmon, shrimp, tuna, cod, and dungeness Crab commercial fishing boats. The harbor is also home to multiple fishing and non-fishing related businesses and harbor governmental offices. The harbor also has several pleasure boat docks.

Politics

Del Norte County vote
by party in presidential elections
Year GOP DEM Others
2008 52.2% 4,967 45.4% 4,323 2.4% 231
2004 56.9% 5,356 41.3% 3,892 1.8% 173
2000 54.6% 4,526 37.6% 3,117 7.9% 651
1996 41.3% 3,670 41.1% 3,652 17.6% 1,567
1992 33.0% 3,083 38.9% 3,639 28.1% 2,631
1988 49.7% 3,714 48.0% 3,587 2.2% 167
1984 58.4% 3,996 39.4% 2,696 2.2% 149
1980 57.5% 4,016 33.5% 2,338 9.1% 633
1976 45.3% 2,481 50.9% 2,789 3.8% 208
1972 51.8% 2,927 38.2% 2,156 10.0% 565
1968 46.2% 2,387 43.3% 2,236 10.6% 545
1964 36.2% 2,075 63.8% 3,652 0.0% 0
1960 48.1% 3,024 51.2% 3,225 0.7% 45
1956 53.2% 2,918 46.5% 2,552 0.3% 17
1952 63.4% 2,938 35.4% 1,640 1.1% 53
1948 54.3% 1,541 41.3% 1,172 4.5% 127
1944 55.3% 1,011 44.7% 818 0.1% 1
1940 53.6% 1,233 44.9% 1,034 1.5% 35
1936 39.2% 853 59.4% 1,292 1.3% 29
1932 30.9% 637 64.1% 1,319 5.0% 103
1928 55.9% 771 43.4% 599 1.7% 10
1924 52.6% 530 12.1% 122 35.3% 355
1920 62.6% 596 29.3% 279 8.1% 77

Del Norte is traditionally a strongly Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections (the last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976). The county has almost an even split in Democratic and Republican voter registration. As of May 2008, approximately 67% of eligible voters are registered to vote in Del Norte County, with approximately 38% registered as Democrats and approximately 38% registered as Republicans, with the State of California reporting 32 more Republicans than Democrats on April 7, 2010. Third party affiliation accounts for approximately 6% of all registered voters in the county.[4]

Del Norte is part of California's 1st congressional district, which is held by Democrat Mike Thompson. In the State Assembly, Del Norte is part of the 1st district, which is held by Democrat Wesley Chesbro. In the State Senate, Del Norte is part of the 4th district, which is held by Republican Doug LaMalfa.

Trapper is the county's District Attorney.

During the 2008 Presidential Primary season, Senator Hillary Clinton (D-NY) won 48% of votes cast in Del Norte County for the Democratic primary, and Senator John McCain (R-AZ) won 40% of votes cast in Del Norte County for the Republican Primary.[5]

Del Norte County voted 52%-46% in favor of Senator John McCain (R-AZ) for President over Senator Barack Obama (D-IL).

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 1,993
1870 2,022 1.5%
1880 2,584 27.8%
1890 2,592 0.3%
1900 2,408 −7.1%
1910 2,417 0.4%
1920 2,759 14.1%
1930 4,739 71.8%
1940 4,745 0.1%
1950 8,078 70.2%
1960 17,771 120.0%
1970 14,580 −18.0%
1980 18,217 24.9%
1990 23,460 28.8%
2000 27,507 17.3%
2010 28,610 4.0%
[6][7][8]

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Del Norte County had a population of 28,610. The racial makeup of Del Norte County was 21,098 (73.7%) White, 993 (3.5%) African American, 2,244 (7.8%) Native American, 965 (3.4%) Asian, 32 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 1,980 (6.9%) from other races, and 1,298 (4.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5,093 persons (17.8%).[9]

Population reported at 2010 United States Census
The County
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
Del Norte County 28,610 21,098 993 2,244 965 32 1,980 1,298 5,093
Incorporated
city
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
Crescent City 7,643 5,052 910 370 333 7 696 275 2,342
Census-designated
places
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
Bertsch-Oceanview 2,436 1,810 3 294 94 0 81 154 310
Gasquet 661 585 2 27 1 1 15 30 39
Hiouchi 301 267 0 11 6 2 8 7 11
Klamath 779 379 1 325 3 0 5 66 90
Smith River 866 528 1 59 5 0 234 39 293
Unincorporated
communities
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
All others not CDPs (combined) 15,924 12,477 76 1,158 523 22 941 727 2,008

2000

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 27,507 people, 9,170 households, and 6,290 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 10,434 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 78.86% White, 4.30% Black or African American, 6.43% Native American, 2.32% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 3.92% from other races, and 4.08% from two or more races. 13.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.2% were of German, 11.3% English, 9.1% Irish and 7.4% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 91.6% spoke English and 6.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 9,170 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county the population dispersal was 25.1% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 123.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 130.3 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,642, and the median income for a family was $36,056. Males had a median income of $40,072 versus $22,212 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,573. About 16.40% of families and 20.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.70% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  2. ^ "Del Norte Fire Safe Plan". http://www.forevergreenforestry.com/documents/DNFireAppendix9-05wmapslo_000.pdf. Retrieved 10/28/2011. 
  3. ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2008. Blue Oak: Quercus douglasii, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg
  4. ^ http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/sov/2008_primary_june/02_county_reg_totals_051908.pdf
  5. ^ The New York Times. http://politics.nytimes.com/election-guide/2008/results/states/CA.html. 
  6. ^ http://www.census.gov/population/www/censusdata/cencounts/files/ca190090.txt
  7. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov
  8. ^ http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu/
  9. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau. http://www2.census.gov/census_2010/01-Redistricting_File--PL_94-171/California/. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

Coordinates: 41°44′N 123°58′W / 41.74°N 123.96°W / 41.74; -123.96


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