Butte County, California


Butte County, California
County of Butte
—  County  —
Butte County, with a view of the Sutter Buttes in the background

Seal
Nickname(s): The Land of Natural Wealth and Beauty
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
Country USA
State  California
Region Sacramento Valley
Incorporated 1850
County seat Oroville
Largest city Chico
Area
 - Total 1,677.11 sq mi (4,343.7 km2)
 - Land 1,639.49 sq mi (4,246.3 km2)
 - Water 37.62 sq mi (97.4 km2)
Population (2010)
 - Total 220,000
 - Density 131.2/sq mi (50.6/km2)
Time zone Pacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
Website www.buttecounty.net

Butte County is a county located in the Central Valley of the US state of California, north of the state capital of Sacramento. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 220,000. The county seat is Oroville.[1] Butte County is the "Land of Natural Wealth and Beauty."

Butte County is watered by the Feather River and the Sacramento River. Butte Creek and Big Chico Creek are additional perennial streams, both tributary to the Sacramento. The county is the home of California State University, Chico and of Butte Community College.

There are four major hospitals and the State of California defines Butte County as being inside Health Service Area 1. A special district, the Butte County Air Quality Management District, regulates airborne pollutant emissions in the county. It does this following regional regulations, state, and federal laws. For example, in recent years, the agency changed rules that used to allow residents to burn household trash outdoors.

Contents

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 1,677.11 square miles (4,343.7 km2), of which 1,639.49 square miles (4,246.3 km2) (or 97.76%) is land and 37.62 square miles (97.4 km2) (or 2.24%) is water.[2]

South Table Mountain Near Oroville

The county is drained by the Feather River and Butte Creek. Part of the county's western border is formed by the Sacramento River. The county lies along the western slope of the Sierra Nevada, the steep slopes making it prime territory for the siting of hydroelectric power plants. About a half dozen of these plants are located in the county.

Cities and towns

Butte County is home to Bidwell park in Chico, one of the largest municipal parks in the United States.
A photo of Bidwell Mansion in Chico.
Kendall Hall, the administration building at Chico State University in Chico

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

  • Hamilton – the original county seat of Butte County, this city has long been forgotten; the only reminder of it is now an overgrown cemetery.
  • Bidwell's Bar – now located under Lake Oroville
  • Forks of Butte

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Transportation infrastructure

Major highways

Public transportation

Butte Regional Transit or the B-Line, provides service in and between Chico, Oroville, Paradise, Gridley and Biggs. Chico is also a connection point for Glenn Ride buses to Glenn County and Plumas Transit Systems buses to Plumas County.

Greyhound buses stop in Chico.

Airports

General Aviation airports in Butte County include:

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 3,574
1860 12,106 238.7%
1870 11,403 −5.8%
1880 18,721 64.2%
1890 17,939 −4.2%
1900 17,117 −4.6%
1910 27,301 59.5%
1920 30,030 10.0%
1930 34,093 13.5%
1940 42,840 25.7%
1950 64,930 51.6%
1960 82,030 26.3%
1970 101,969 24.3%
1980 143,851 41.1%
1990 182,120 26.6%
2000 203,171 11.6%
2010 220,000 8.3%

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Butte County had a population of 220,000. The racial makeup of Butte County was 180,096 (81.9%) White, 3,415 (1.6%) African American, 4,395 (2.0%) Native American, 9,057 (4.1%) Asian, 452 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 12,141 (5.5%) from other races, and 10,444 (4.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31,116 persons (14.1%).[3]


Population reported at 2010 United States Census
The County
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
Butte County 220,000 180,096 3,415 4,395 9,057 452 12,141 10,444 31,116
Incorporated
cities and towns
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
Biggs 1,707 1,302 11 54 9 1 252 78 580
Chico 86,187 69,606 1,771 1,167 3,656 210 5,437 4,340 13,315
Gridley 6,584 4,283 55 98 249 3 1,552 344 3,000
Oroville 15,546 11,686 453 573 1,238 56 554 986 1,945
Paradise 26,218 24,129 112 301 330 24 416 906 1,836
Census-designated
places
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
Bangor 646 543 5 17 4 1 18 58 47
Berry Creek 1,424 1,249 8 48 13 3 13 90 98
Butte Creek Canyon 1,086 1,011 0 20 18 1 8 28 48
Butte Meadows 40 38 0 0 0 0 0 2 0
Butte Valley 899 782 0 19 9 1 42 46 89
Cherokee 69 48 0 2 8 0 0 11 1
Clipper Mills 142 131 0 3 0 0 2 6 5
Cohasset 847 764 8 14 2 1 20 38 43
Concow 710 611 0 24 5 3 10 57 56
Durham 5,518 5,088 19 55 35 9 165 147 614
Forbestown 320 262 4 15 10 0 4 25 23
Forest Ranch 1,184 1,116 8 6 4 1 20 29 52
Honcut 370 248 6 14 4 0 85 13 145
Kelly Ridge 2,544 2,287 20 56 35 7 43 96 204
Magalia 11,310 10,398 40 141 90 17 134 490 765
Nord 320 233 1 6 16 0 48 16 122
Oroville East 8,280 6,830 126 477 294 8 147 398 702
Palermo 5,382 3,901 39 221 246 4 642 329 1,281
Rackerby 204 193 0 1 0 0 3 7 18
Richvale 244 216 0 11 0 0 10 7 27
Robinson Mill 80 74 0 1 0 1 0 4 11
South Oroville 5,742 3,407 406 245 885 9 361 429 851
Stirling City 295 264 1 11 0 0 1 18 17
Thermalito 6,646 4,594 61 257 1,102 37 270 325 713
Yankee Hill 333 305 2 7 4 0 5 10 22
Unincorporated
communities
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
All others not CDPs (combined) 29,123 24,497 259 531 791 55 1,879 1,111 4,486

2000

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 203,171 people, 79,566 households, and 49,410 families residing in the county. The population density was 124 people per square mile (48/km²). There were 85,523 housing units at an average density of 52 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.52% White, 1.39% Black or African American, 1.90% Native American, 3.32% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 4.82% from other races, and 3.90% from two or more races. 10.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.2% were of German, 11.1% English, 10.2% Irish, 7.8% American and 5.6% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 87.9% spoke English, 7.8% Spanish and 1.4% Hmong as their first language.

There were 79,566 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.70% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.90% were non-families. 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 13.60% from 18 to 24, 24.80% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,924, and the median income for a family was $41,010. Males had a median income of $34,137 versus $25,393 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,517. About 12.20% of families and 19.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.80% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.


Government

Butte County vote
by party in presidential elections
Year GOP DEM Others
2008 47.6% 46,706 49.9% 49,013 2.7% 2,606
2004 53.7% 51,662 44.1% 42,448 2.1% 2,047
2000 54.5% 45,584 37.4% 31,338 8.1% 6,799
1996 49.0% 38,961 38.5% 30,651 12.5% 9,938
1992 37.2% 31,608 38.2% 32,489 24.6% 20,917
1988 56.0% 40,143 42.5% 30,406 1.5% 1,082
1984 63.1% 45,381 35.3% 25,421 1.6% 1,162
1980 57.1% 38,188 29.6% 19,520 12.6% 8,304
1976 51.8% 28,400 44.1% 24,203 4.1% 2,251
1972 57.6% 28,819 36.8% 18,401 5.6% 2,808
1968 56.7% 22,225 32.9% 12,887 10.5% 4,099
1964 48.4% 19,574 51.5% 20,831 0.0% 14
1960 57.6% 20,838 41.9% 15,163 0.5% 174
1956 58.4% 18,382 41.1% 12,933 0.5% 147
1952 63.3% 19,248 35.9% 10,913 0.9% 263
1948 49.4% 10,948 45.7% 10,133 5.0% 1,100
1944 46.8% 7,852 52.6% 8,811 0.6% 105
1940 40.5% 7,433 58.2% 10,684 1.4% 255
1936 32.0% 5,103 65.9% 10,490 2.1% 335
1932 29.1% 4,322 65.0% 9,645 5.8% 865
1928 60.5% 6,306 37.8% 3,946 1.7% 180
1924 42.3% 4,382 12.5% 1,299 45.2% 4,691
1920 65.7% 5,409 27.5% 2,262 6.8% 563

Local

The citizens of the county of Butte are represented by the five member Butte County Board of Supervisors.

Tribal

The Berry Creek Rancheria of Tyme Maidu Indians of California is headquartered in Oroville. The Berry Creek Rancheria operates Gold Country Casino.

The Mooretown Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California is also headquartered in Oroville. The Mooretown Rancheria operates Feather Falls Casino.

The governmental headquarters of the Mechoopda Indian Tribe of Chico Rancheria is located in Chico.

State

Most of Butte County falls within California's 3rd Assembly District with the southwest corner of the county being in the 2nd Assembly District. The 3rd district is represented by Dan Logue (R-Chico), and the 2nd by Jim Nielsen (R-Richvale) in the California State Assembly. All of Butte County falls within the 4th senate district, represented by Doug LaMalfa (R, Grass Valley) in the California State Senate.

On Nov. 4, 2008 Butte County voted 56.7 % for Proposition 8 which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages.

Federal

Most citizens of Butte County are represented in California's 2nd congressional district by Republican Wally Herger, while the rest of the county is represented in California's 4th congressional district by Republican Tom McClintock.

Butte is a Republican-leaning county in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Lyndon Johnson in 1964, although Bill Clinton and Barack Obama won pluralities in 1992 and 2008, respectively.

Educational institutions

There are roughly 90 public schools in the county according to the National Center for Educational Statistics. The schools are operated by the County Office of Education and 15 school districts, which are:

  • Bangor Union Elementary School District
  • Biggs Unified School District
  • Chico Unified School District
  • Durham Unified School District
  • Feather Falls Union Elementary School District
  • Golden Feather Union Elementary School District
  • Gridley Unified School District
  • Manzanita Elementary School District
  • Oroville City Elementary School District
  • Oroville Union High School District
  • Palermo Union School District
  • Paradise Unified School District
  • Pioneer Union Elementary School District
  • Thermalito Union School District

Butte County contains the following colleges and universities:

Public libraries

Butte County Library provides library services to residents of the County through six branches in Biggs, Chico, Durham, Gridley, Oroville and Paradise. The mission of the Butte County Library is to provide all individuals, regardless of age, ethnic background, educational or economic level, with free access to ideas, information, and technology.

The library bookmobile provides library services to rural and mountain communities. The library serves low-literacy adults through several programs of the Butte County Library Literacy Services division, including the Adult Reading Program, Families for Literacy and the Literacy Coach, a 36-foot (11 m) vehicle that provides mobile programming like story times, parent meetings, workshops, and computer and teacher trainings.

The library operates as a department of the county of Butte, governed by the Butte County Board of Supervisors.

As film location

Several movies have been filmed in Butte County, including Gone with the Wind, The Outlaw Josey Wales, Friendly Persuasion, Magic Town, The Klansman, Ruby Ridge: An American Tragedy, The Adventures of Robin Hood and Under Wraps.

See also

Sources

  • US Department of Education, National Center for Educational Statistics.
  • State of California, Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development.

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau. http://www2.census.gov/census_2010/01-Redistricting_File--PL_94-171/California/. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

Coordinates: 39°40′N 121°36′W / 39.66°N 121.60°W / 39.66; -121.60


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