- Salvatore Quasimodo
name = Salvatore Quasimodo
awards = awd|
Nobel Prize in Literature|1959
birthdate = birth date|1901|8|20|df=y
deathdate = death date and age|1968|6|14|1901|8|20|df=y
occupation = Author
Cimitero Monumentale, Naples, Italy
movement = Ermetismo
Salvatore Quasimodo (
August 20, 1901- June 14, 1968) was an Italian author. In 1959, he won the Nobel Prize for Literature"for his lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times." Along with Giuseppe Ungarettiand Eugenio Montale, he is one of the foremost Italian poets of the 20th century.
Quasimodo was born in
Modica, Sicily. In 1908 his family moved to Messina, as his father had been sent there to help the population struck by a devastating earthquake. The impressions of the effects of natural forces would have a great impact on the young Quasimodo.In 1919 he graduated in the local Technical College. In Messina he also made friends with Giorgio La Pira, future mayor of Florence.
In 1917 Quasimodo founded the short-lived "Nuovo giornale letterario" ("New Literary Journal"), in which he published his first poems. In 1919 he moved to Rome to finish his engineering studies, but poor economical conditions forced him to find a work as technical drawer. In the meantime he collaborated with several reviews and studied Greek and Latin.
In 1929, invited by
Elio Vittorini, who had married Quasimodo's sister, he moved to Florence. Here he met poets such as Alessandro Bonsantiand Eugenio Montale. In 1930 he was received from Italy's Civil Engineering Corps a job in Reggio Calabria. Here he met the Misefari brothers, who encouraged him to continue writing. Developing his nearness to the hermetismmovement, Quasimodo published his first collection, "Acque e terre" ("Waters and Earths") in that year.
In 1931 he was transferred to
Imperiaand then to Genoa, where he got acquainted with Camillo Sbarbaroand other personalities of the "Circoli" magazine, with which Quasimodo started a prolific collaboration. In 1932 he published with them a new collection, "Oboe sommerso", including all his lyrics from 1930-1932.
In 1934 Quasimodo moved to Milan. Starting from 1938 he devoted himself entirely to writing, working with
Cesare Zavattiniand for "Letteratura", official review of the Hermetic movement. In 1938 he published "Poesie", followed the translations of "Lirici Greci" ("Greek Poets") in 1939.
Though an outspoken anti-Fascist, during
World War IIQuasimodo did not take part in the Italian resistance against the German occupation. In that period he devoted himself to the translation of the Gospel of John, of some Catullus's cantos and several episodes of the "Odyssey". In 1945 he became a member of the Italian Communist Party.
In 1946 he published another collection, "Giorno dopo giorno" ("Day After Day"), which made clear the increasing moral engagement and the epic tone of social criticism of the author: the same line characterized his next works, "La vita non è sogno" ("Life Is Not a Dream"), "Il falso e il vero verde" ("The False and True Green") and "La terra impareggiabile" ("The Incomparable Land"). In all this period Quasimodo did not stop producing translations of classic authors and collaborating as a journalist for some of the most prestigious Italian publishings (mostly with articles about theatre).
In the 1950s Quasimodo won the following awards: Premio San Babila (1950), Premio Etna-Taormina (1953),
Premio Viareggio(1958) and, finally, the Nobel Prize for Literature (1959). In 1960 and 1967 he received "honoris causa" degrees from the Universities of Messina and Oxford, respectively.
In his last years the poet made numerous voyages in Europe and America, holding public speeches and public lectures of his poems, which had been translated in several foreign countries.
In June 1968, when he was in Amalfi for a discourse, Quasimodo was struck by a
cerebral hemorrhage. He died a few days later in the Hospital of Naples. He was interred in the Cimitero Monumentalein Milan.
Traditional literary critique divides Quasimodo's work into 2 major periods: the hermetic period up until World War II, and the post-hermetic era until his death. Although these periods are distinct, they are to be seen as a single poetical quest. This quest or exploration for a unique language will take him through various stages and various modalities of expression.
As a young poet, Quasimodo uses a hermetical, "closed" language to sketch recurring motives like Sicily, Religion and Death.Subsequently, the translation of authors from Roman and Greek Antiquity enables him to extend his linguistic toolery.The disgust and sense of absurdity of WW II will also have its impact on the poet's language.This bitterness, however, will fade in the late writings, and will be replaced by the mature voice of an old poet that reflects upon his world.
* "Acque e terre" (1930)
* "Oboe sommerso" (1932)
* "Erato e Apòllìon" (1938)
* "Poesie" (1938)
* "Lirici Greci" (1940)
* "Ed è subito sera" (1942)
* "Con il piede straniero sopra il cuore" (1946)
* "Giorno dopo giorno" (1947)
* "La vita non è sogno" (1949)
* "Il falso e vero verde" (1954)
* "Il fiore delle "Georgiche" (1957)
* "La terra impareggiabile"
* "Il poeta e il politico e altri saggi" (1960)
* "Dare e avere" (1966)
* [http://www.salvatore-quasimodo.it/ Salvatore Quasimodo] - Official website it icon
* [http://nobelprize.org/literature/laureates/1959/index.html Nobel Laureate Page] Quasimodo page at the Nobel Prize website, with links to his biography and to his Nobel lecture "The Poet and the Politician"
* [http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki Salvatore Quasimodo poetries]
* [http://www.0web.it/poesia/salvatore-quasimodo Salvatore Quasimodo poems] it icon
* [http://www.valleyofthetemples.com/Salvatore_Quasimodo.htm Salvatore Quasimodo and Agrigento]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Salvatore Quasimodo — (* 20. August 1901 in Modica, Sizilien; † 14. Juni 1968 in Neapel) war ein italienischer Lyriker und Kritiker. 1959 wurde Quasimodo der Nobelpreis für Literatur verliehen. Salvatore Quasimodo … Deutsch Wikipedia
Salvatore Quasimodo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Salvatore Quasimodo (Modica, Sicilia (Italia), 20 de agosto de 1901 – Amalfi, 14 de junio de 1968), poeta y periodista miembro del movimiento hermético italiano, recibió el Premio Nobel de Literatura en 1959 … Wikipedia Español
Salvatore Quasimodo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Quasimodo. Salvatore Quasimodo (né le 20 août 1901 à Modica, dans la Province de Raguse, en Sicile mort le 14 juin 1968 à Naples) est un écrivain et poète italien du XXe siècle … Wikipédia en Français
Literaturnobelpreis 1959: Salvatore Quasimodo — Der Italiener erhielt den Nobelpreis »für seine lyrische Dichtung, die mit klassischem Feuer das tragische Lebensgefühl der Gegenwart ausdrückt«. Biografie Salvatore Quasimodo, * Modica (Sizilien), 20. 8. 1901, ✝ Neapel 14. 6. 1968; ab… … Universal-Lexikon
QUASIMODO (S.) — Quasimodo forme avec Montale et Ungaretti la trinité des poètes qui a donné à la poésie italienne son visage moderne. Sicilien, autodidacte, traducteur original des grandes œuvres de l’Antiquité grecque, des lyriques aux tragiques, mais aussi de… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Salvatore — (von lateinisch Salvatore ‚Heiland, Retter, Erlöser‘) ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Gaston Salvatore (* 1941), deutscher Schriftsteller Giovanni Salvatore († 1688), italienischer Komponist Marco Salvatore (* 1986),… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Salvatore — is an Italian name that means savior . People* Robert Anthony Salvatore, fantasy writer * Salvatore Accardo (born 1941) * Salvatore Adamo (born 1943), singer, composer * Salvatore Allegra, Italian composer * Salvatore Antibo (born 1962), Italian… … Wikipedia
Quasimodo (disambiguation) — Quasimodo can refer to: * Quasimodo, the protagonist of The Hunchback of Notre Dame * Quasimodo Sunday, another name for the Octave of Easter * Quasimodo (magazine), a University of Notre Dame Australia student newspaper * Salvatore Quasimodo… … Wikipedia
Quasimodo — beziehungsweise Quasi Modo ist der Name von: Salvatore Quasimodo (1901–1968), italienischer Lyriker und Kritiker Quasimodo, Glöckner in Victor Hugos Roman Der Glöckner von Notre Dame „Quasi Modo“, das Pseudonym des Künstlers Sascha Klammt, DJ bei … Deutsch Wikipedia
Salvatore Fiume — (October 23, 1915 ndash;June 3 1997) was an Italian painter, sculptor, architect, writer and stage designer. Biography Salvatore Fiume was born in Comiso, Sicily, in 1915. At the age of sixteen, thanks to his enthusiasm and his passion for art,… … Wikipedia