Hydrophile, from the Greek "(hydros)" "water" and φιλια "(philia)" "friendship," refers to a physical property of a molecule that can transiently bond with water (H2O) through hydrogen bonding. This is thermodynamically favorable, and makes these molecules soluble not only in water, but also in other polar solvents. There are hydrophilic and hydrophobic parts of the cell membrane.

A hydrophilic molecule or portion of a molecule is one that is typically charge-polarized and capable of hydrogen bonding, enabling it to dissolve more readily in water than in oil or other hydrophobic solvents. Hydrophilic and hydrophobic molecules are also known as polar molecules and nonpolar molecules, respectively.Some hydrophilic substances don't dissolve. This type of mixture is called a colloid.
Soap has a hydrophilic head and a hydrophobic tail, which allows it to dissolve in both waters and oils, therefore allowing the soap to clean a surface.

ee also

* Hydrophobe
* Wetting
* Super hydrophilicity

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • hydrophile — [ idrɔfil ] adj. et n. m. • 1902; de hydro et phile 1 ♦ Qui absorbe l eau, les liquides. Coton, ouate hydrophile, pour les soins d hygiène. « deux masques de gaze hydrophile » (Camus). 2 ♦ N. m. (1762) Insecte (coléoptères) noir verdâtre qui vit… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hydrophile — Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Hydrophile », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Un composé hydrophile (du grec ὕδωρ (hydôr) « eau », et φιλέω (phileo) « aimer ») est un composé ayant une affinité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • HYDROPHILE — adj. des deux genres Qui absorbe l’eau. Ouate hydrophile …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • hydrophile — hy·dro·phile hī drə .fīl also hy·dro·phil .fil adj HYDROPHILIC hydrophile n a hydrophilic substance …   Medical dictionary

  • hydrophile — (i dro fi l ) adj. Terme didactique. Qui aime l eau. ÉTYMOLOGIE    Hydro...., et terme grec signifiant ami. SUPPLÉMENT AU DICTIONNAIRE    HYDROPHILE. Ajoutez :    S. m. Nom d une famille de coléoptères aquatiques, dont l espèce la plus grande est …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • hydrophile — See hydrophilic. * * * …   Universalium

  • hydrophile — noun Any hydrophilic substance …   Wiktionary

  • hydrophile — n. something which has an affinity for water …   English contemporary dictionary

  • hydrophile — hy·dro·phile …   English syllables

  • hydrophile — adjective see hydrophilic …   Useful english dictionary

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