- Family First Party
Infobox Australian Political Party
party_name = Family First Party
party_wikicolourid = Family First
Social conservatism, Family values
headquarters = PO Box 1042
Campbelltown SA 5074
website = [http://www.familyfirst.org.au/ www.familyfirst.org.au]
international = No affiliation
The Family First Party is a socially conservative minor
political partyin Australia. It has parliamentary representation federally through Senator Steve Fielding, and in the state parliaments of Western Australia and South Australia.
The party was founded in
South Australiain time to contest the 2002 state elections, when former Assemblies of Godpastor Dr Andrew Evans became its first MLC, winning a seat in the South Australian Legislative Council. A second MLC, pharmaceutical executive Dennis Hood, was elected at the 2006 South Australian election.
In the October 2004 federal election it contested seats all over Australia, generally exchanging preferences with Liberal candidates (but in some seats exchanging preferences with the
Australian Labor Party). At that election the party was successful in electing their first and at present only federal politician Steve Fielding, Senator for Victoria. No candidates were elected at the 2007 federal election, however Fielding shares the balance of power in the Senate with independent Nick Xenophonand the five Australian Greenssince the new Senate met on 1 July 2008.
secularand eschewing religious labels, many of its candidates and members are from conservative Christianbackgrounds.
2002 South Australian Election
The first election Family First contested was the 2002 South Australian Election. Dr Andrew Evans received a primary vote of 4.02% [ [http://www.seo.sa.gov.au/archive/2002/legislative_council.phtml Past Election & Referendum Results] ] which, with preferences from other parties, was sufficient to get him elected to one of the 11 seats available in the
South Australian Legislative Council.
2004 Federal Election
The party agreed to share House of Representatives preferences with the Liberal-National Coalition at the 2004 election [http://www.familyfirst.org.au/mr/fullpref240904.pdf] (with some exceptions discussed below).
Family First did better than expected at the electionFact|date=February 2007, picking up 1.76 percent of the vote nationally, and outpolling the
Australian Democratsby more than 40,000 votes. This resulted in an unexpected victory in Victoria, where candidate Steve Fieldingwas elected on preferences to the Federal Senate, despite receiving significantly fewer primary votes (56,376 or 1.88% Group Totals) than The Greens' David Risstrom(263,551 or 8.80% Group Totals).
The party also came close to picking up other Senate seats in
Tasmania(largely due to surplus Liberal votes, because Liberal polled over three quotas but only stood three candidates) and in South Australiawhere the then party leader Andrea Masonnarrowly missed out (polling 3.98% and receiving Liberal preferences). Their preferences also assisted the performance of the governing Liberal Party in several House of Representatives seats,Fact|date=October 2007 such as in the highly marginal South Australian seat of Makin.
tate Elections since 2004
In the 2005 Western Australian Election, Family First polled just over 2% in the Legislative Council (although only contesting 5 of 6 seats) [ [http://www.electionswa.com.au/_lc_regions.htm WA Electoral Commission - State General Election Results] ] . Interestingly, in 2005, the Liberal member for Ningaloo, Rod Sweetman, and
Alan Cadby(who was defeated in Liberal preselection for a further term) offered to serve out their parliamentary terms as a Family First members - an offer which was rejected by Family First due to their both supporting a bill for decriminalisation of abortion in 1998. [ [http://www.pollbludger.com/wa2005.htm The Poll Bludger] ]
In the 2006 South Australian election, Family First's vote increased to 4.98% in the Legislative Council, [ [http://www.seo.sa.gov.au/election2006/pdf/Results_and_Outcomes_Booklet3.pdf] dead link|date=August 2008] and a second Member of the Legislative Council was elected - former pharmaceutical executive
Dennis Hood. In several rural and outer metropolitan seats, Family First's vote approached 10% - and in the seat of Kavel, Tom Playford achieved a vote of 15.7%. [ [http://www.abc.net.au/elections/sa/2006/guide/kave.htm 2006 South Australian Election. Kavel Electorate Profile. Australian Broadcasting Corp (ABC)] ] In the Legislative Council, Family First shares the balance of power with the other minor parties and independents.
The 2006 Queensland State Election saw Family First receive a primary vote of 7% in contested seats (many seats were not contested), with a high of 14.5% and several other seats posting results of 10% [ [http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/minor-parties-hail-poll-results/2006/09/10/1157826802417.html Minor parties hail poll results - National - theage.com.au] ] [ [http://www.familyfirstqld.org.au/ :: Family First - Queensland ::] ] . Queensland does not have an Upper House, and these results were insufficient for any candidates to be elected.
The 2006 Victorian State Election saw Family First's vote increase from 1.9% to 4.27% of first preferences [ [http://www.news.com.au/couriermail/story/0,,20823361-5003402,00.html Family First vote doubles in state | The Courier-Mail] ] , however no candidates were elected.
2007 Federal Election
Family First contested the 2007 federal election, in particular seeking to increase its Senate representation. Nationwide, the party received 1.62 percent of the primary vote in the Senate, and 1.99 percent in the House of Representatives, both down slightly on the 2004 result. In Victoria however, both the lower and upper house vote increased by 0.64 percent, to 2.52 and 3.02 percent respectively. No Family First candidates were elected. Sitting Senator Steve Fielding's term does not expire until 2011.
Before the 2007 Elections in Australia,
Fred Nilecriticized Family First for giving preferences (in some states) to the Liberty and Democracy Party, a libertarianpolitical party that as one of its policies wants to legalize recreational drug use, stating "They gave their preferences to the enemy, the anti-Christian party." [cite news|title=Christian party's unholy alliance|publisher=" Herald Sun"|url=http://www.news.com.au/heraldsun/story/0,21985,22709097-5013904,00.html|author=Steve Lewis|date=2007-11-06] This was suggested as a reason for their poor election result. [cite news|title=Electorate strips landscape of the bit-part players|publisher="The Daily Telegraph"|url=http://www.news.com.au/dailytelegraph/story/0,22049,22819447-5001031,00.html|author=Steve Lewis|date=2007-11-26] Ironically, Fred Nile's own party had also preferenced the Liberty and Democracy Party before any other major party in the Senate. [ [http://www.aec.gov.au/pdf/elections/2007/gvt/NSW_2007_gvt.pdf NSW_2007_GVT_A4.indd ] ]
2007-08 defections from other parties
The party has benefited from a series of high-profile defections from the Liberal Party in
*Former South Australian state Liberal minister
Robert Brokenshirecontested the 2007 federal election for the party, and subsequently won preselection to replace retiring founder Evans in the state Legislative Council.
*In June 2008, former Western Australian deputy Liberal leader Dan Sullivan announced that he would become the parliamentary leader of a new state branch of the party,
WA Family First[Splinter Party Another Blow to Struggling Libs, The West Australian, 20/8/08.] . Three former One Nation MPs have expressed support for the new party.cite news |title=Fischer throws weight behind Family First in WA |url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/06/22/2281987.htm |publisher= Australian Broadcasting Corporation|date=2008-06-22 |accessdate=2008-06-23 ]
*Also in June, 2008, Bob Randall, a former South Australian Liberal MP and party president joined the party, complaining that the Liberal Party had drifted too far to the "left", and that "Family First is the only truly conservative political force now left in Australia". [ [http://news.theage.com.au/national/former-liberal-leader-joins-family-first-20080623-2va3.html Former Liberal leader joins Family First - Breaking News - National - Breaking News] ]
* On the 3rd of August 2008
Bob Day, a prominent Coalition fundraiser and Liberal candidate for Makin in the 2007 Federal Election announced that he was joining Family First and would contest the 2008 Mayo by-election for the party [Sunday Mail, 3/8/08]
* On the 14th of August 2008, independent (former Liberal) Western Australian MP
Anthony Felsjoined the Party [http://www.thewest.com.au/default.aspx?MenuID=77&ContentID=91828]
Wanting to "relaunch himself as a mainstream political player, beyond Family First's ultra-conservative evangelical Christian support base" as some commentators put it, Fielding considered breaking away from Family First to create another party. He tried to recruit
Tim Costelloand other big names around the beginning of 2008, but failed to convince them. [ [http://www.news.com.au/heraldsun/story/0,21985,24423234-661,00.html Senator Steve Fielding wanted to quit: Herald Sun 30/9/2008] ] The revelations came after Fielding changed his position on abortion, after being rebuffed by his party for taking a softer approach. [ [http://www.news.com.au/heraldsun/story/0,21985,24408444-662,00.html Family First Senator Steve Fielding retreats from abortion comments] , Herald Sun, 27/9/2008]
According to their web site, Family First say that they will "seek to promote recognition and valuing of the inherent dignity of each human being from conception. In this context, Family First is opposed to the medical treatment procedure of abortion." [http://www.familyfirst.org.au/documents/ABORTION_000.pdf]
Family First contends that it has a 'compassionate' stance towards asylum seekers, supporting fast on-shore processing. In what would have been a deciding vote, Federal leader
Steve Fieldingopposed the Liberal Government to ensure that asylum seekers to Australia are not processed in overseas detention facilities. This resulted in the government not proceeding with the proposed legislation [http://www.stevefielding.com.au/html/news/news%20articles/ffpwebnewsAdvertiser060814.pdf]
Family First oppose
harm reductionas a primary strategy for combating drug abuse, instead favouring prevention, zero tolerance, rehabilitation, and avoidance. [http://www.familyfirst.org.au/documents/ILLEGALDRUGSINCLUDINGMARIJUANA_000.pdf]
Family First's environment and resources policy states that "Family First is committed to the environment as essential to ensuring the health and happiness of future generations of families". [http://familyfirst.org.au/documents/EnvironmentandResources.pdf]
In the South Australian parliament, Family First MPs have taken outspoken positions on environmental topics such as desalination schemes [http://www.familyfirst.org.au/ffimages/File/Upper%20South%20East%20Dryland%20Salinity%20and%20Flood%20Management.pdf] and the Murray-Darling Basin [http://www.familyfirst.org.au/ffimages/File/Murray-Darling%20Basin%20_Amending%20Agreement_%20Amendment%20Bill.pdf] . Family First MPs also successfully lobbied the government to include an interim 2020 greenhouse reduction target in Climate Change legislation. [http://familyfirst.org.au/ffimages/File/Climate%20Change%20&%20Greenhouse%20Emissions%20Reduction%20Bill%2027.03.07.pdf]
In the 2006 Victorian election, Family First advocated several positions that that the
Australian Conservation Foundationviewed as non-environmental [http://www.acfonline.org.au/articles/news.asp?news_id=1039] [ [http://www.acfonline.org.au/uploads/res_Vicelectionad.pdf untitled ] ] . These positions included the construction of new dams to increase water supplies [http://www.familyfirst.org.au/ffimages/File/Victoria/Pst/Water.pdf] , arguing for a reduction in fuel taxes [http://www.familyfirst.org.au/ffimages/File/Victoria/Pst/Petrol.pdf] , arguing against cuts to existing logging agreements, and supporting continued access to public lands for "recreational fishing, shooting and hunting" [http://www.familyfirst.org.au/ffimages/File/Victoria/Pst/TimberAndPublicLandsPst.pdf] .
Family First is opposed to
euthanasia, holding the view that "the duty of health carers is to promote health, relieve suffering and safeguard life". Instead, they favour palliative care.
Family First opposes
LGBT adoption, IVF treatment for lesbians, and opposes same-sex marriageand civil unions, stating their declaration of marriage as "a union of a man and a woman" [http://www.familyfirst.org.au/documents/THEFAMILY_000.pdf] . Family First's only official LGBT rights-related policy is that "all co-dependents should not be discriminated against – whether Homosexual or not"http://www.familyfirst.org.au/mr/ffptruth250904.pdf] .
In the 2004 federal election the party directed preferences to the Coalition ahead of Labor except in the seats of Brisbane and Leichhardt [cite news | last=Dasey | first=Daniel | title=Deal with Family First delivers for Coalition | publisher=
The Sun-Herald| date= 10 October 2004| url=http://www.smh.com.au/news/Election-2004/Deal-with-Family-First-delivers-for-Coalition/2004/10/10/1097261869418.html] . The party's lead senate candidate in Queensland, John Lewis indicated that the reason was the public advocacy on gay issues of the Liberal candidates for those seats [cite news | title=Family First refuses preference swap with lesbians | publisher= The Age| date= 5 October 2004| url=http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2004/10/05/1096871859778.html] .
In 2006, the two SA Family First MLCs voted against the Statutes Amendment (Domestic Partners) Bill. [ [http://www2.parliament.sa.gov.au/hansard_data/2006/LC/WH071206.lc.htm Hansard of SA Legislative Council] ,
7 December, 2006]
Family First was the first party in Australia to nominate an Aboriginal woman, lawyer
Andrea Mason, as party President. The party did hope to attract a large Aboriginal vote in South Australia where Andrea Mason was touted as possibly the first Aboriginal woman to be elected to parliament.
Although Family First's [http://www.familyfirst.org.au/policy/Indigenousaus061004.pdf policy on indigenous Australians] does not specifically address the
Stolen Generation, Mason has said: "I think there is a cobweb, there is a veil over our country... in terms of this unresolved issue... I think that there will be a significant change in the way we perceive ourselves and our relationships with each other when there is an apology made to the stolen generations" [ [http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2004/10/11/1097406496255.html Howard promises win won't go to his head - Election 2004 - www.smh.com.au ] ] .
Family First is opposed to some aspects of the Howard government's
Australian Workplace Agreementmeasures, campaigning against the measures in the Federal Senate [http://www.stevefielding.com.au/html/news/news%20articles/ffpwebnewsHeraldSun061129.pdf] , and voting against the 2005 WorkChoiceslegislation. [ [http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2005/s1519650.htm Family First cuts ties to Libs over IR policy] , "AM", 30-Nov-2005] In his Maiden Speech, Senator Steve Fieldingargued for a fairer work / rest / and 'family time' or leisure balance in opposing the measures. [ [http://www.aph.gov.au/senate/senators/homepages/first_speech/sfs-e4r.htm Parliament of Australia: Senate: Senator Fielding's First Speech ] ]
internet pornographypolicy calls for a "Mandatory Filtering Scheme at the ISP Server Level" as a matter of child protection. [http://www.familyfirst.org.au/documents/INTERNETPORNOGRAPHYANDCHILDREN.pdf]
"It is a national travesty that is so easily fixed if the Government and the opposition would exercise their moral will and pass legislation that requires Internet Service Providers (ISP's) to provide a compulsory filtering of pornography on the Internet... Adults can elect to opt out, but we are putting ISP's onnotice that greater diligence is required", said Andrea Mason in a media release on Wednesday, 25 August 2004. [ [http://www.familyfirst.org.au/mr/net_pornography_sa.pdf Microsoft Word - Internet Pornography - SA.doc ] ]
War in Iraq
Family First believes that the
2003 invasion of Iraqwas wrong because diplomatic avenues had not been exhausted, but that having participated in that invasion Australia is now obliged to protect Iraqis and Australians in Iraq through a military presence [ [http://www.familyfirst.org.au/policy/wariraq061004.pdf] Dead link|date=March 2008] .
Family First is incorporated as a limited liability company [ [http://www.search.asic.gov.au/cgi-bin/gns030c?acn=106048444 ASIC Free Company Name Search ] ] overseen by a Board of Directors. A National Conference occurs at least once every two years for policy formulation and to endorse candidates. Federal and State branches have Annual General Meetings that are open to all members.Fact|date=October 2007
Family First and the
Australian Greensare often at odds, with Family First often referring to the Greens as "extreme" in their media statements [http://www.stevefielding.com.au/html/media/SF%20124%20Fri%20Apr%2013%202007%20Australians%20want%20a%20party%20that%20supports%20family%20values.pdf] . The two parties are in competition for Senate preferences, particularly from the Labor Party, and ideologically opposed on many issues [ [http://www.abc.net.au/compass/s1358912.htm Compass - ABC TV Religion | Stories ] ] [ [http://www.news.com.au/story/0,23599,21560972-5007146,00.html Greens completely cut down to size | NEWS.com.au ] ] . In the 2006 Victorian election, Family First's limited television advertising campaign specifically singled out the Greens for criticism [ [http://www.familyfirst.org.au/state.php?gid=2&inid=19 ::Family First Party:: ] ] .
Relations between Family First and Fred Nile's
Christian Democratic Party (Australia)are strained by the need to compete for the same group of voters and to secure Senate preferences, particularly from the Liberal Party of Australia.
Family First New Zealandis also a Christian Rightlobbying organisation, it is not a political party, nor does it have any association with its Australian namesake.
Family First co-founder Pastor Andrew Evans was the General Superintendent of the
Assemblies of God in Australiafor twenty years cite news
title=The Religion Report
Australian Broadcasting Corporation
date=2004-09-29] . In the 2002 South Australian election and the 2004 Federal Election, a number of Family First candidates were church members. In
New South Wales, 11 of their 23 candidates for the 2004 federal election were from an Assemblies of God church, the Hawkesbury Church in Windsorcite news
title=Behind Family First is a clan of true believers
Sydney Morning Herald
South Australian Family First Member of the Legislative Council
Dennis Hood, the party's state parliamentary leader, is a member of the Rostrevor Baptist Church. When Sunday Mail columnist Peter Goersstated that Hood was an anti-evolution Creationistcite news
title=This Hood's hardly one of the boyz
work=Sunday Mail (Adelaide)
date=2006-08-13] , Hood did not deny this in his response, while he did attempt to set the record straight on issues of policy.Coalition (Australia) in the 2004 federal election led
Barnaby Joyce, the National senate candidate for Queensland, to publicly slam the party the day before the election, calling them "the lunatic Right", and stating that "these are not the sort of people you do preference deals with" [ [http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/common/story_page/0,5744,11007286%5E2702,00.html] dead link|date=August 2008] . Joyce's comments came in response to a pamphlet published by one of the party's Victorian Senate candidates, Danny Nalliahwho in his capacity as a church pastor had criticised other religions and homosexuality.
In September 2004, party leader
Andrea Masonsaid that Family First is not a Christian party [ cite news
title=Family First Party campaigns on family values
work=The World Today
Australian Broadcasting CorporationLocal Radio
author=Karen Barlow & Nance Haxton] and Family First Federal Secretary Dr Matt Burnet issued a press release stating:
"The party is not a church party or an Assembly of God party, nor is it funded by AOG churches. It does see itself as socially conservative, with Family Values based on Christian ethics. Like any main-stream party we do not have on record the religious affiliations of any of our members. The Board of Reference in South Australia includes business-people, members of the medical profession, as well as ministers and people from Catholic, Baptist, Lutheran, Uniting and other church groups. The rapid national growth of the party leading into this election and the late decision to contest in all seats possible, has meant that in some states there are candidates, with strong family values, who have been introduced to the party through the personal relationships they have from their involvement in community/church networks".
However, news reportage continued to associate the party with Assemblies of God, as did concerned church member Nathan Zamprogno, who commented publicly about the intersection of politics and the church.cite news
title=Hillsong: Songs of praise - and politics (Transcript)
* [http://www.familyfirst.org.au/ Family First Party] official site
* [http://www.stevefielding.com.au/ Senator Steve Fielding] official site
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