- Christianity in Europe
Christianity by Country
EuropeNorth AmericaSouth AmericaOceania
Christianity is the largest religion in Europe. Christianity has been practiced in Europe since the 1st century, and a number of the Pauline Epistles were odireted at Christians living in Macedonia, as well as Rome.
Historians believe that St. Paul probably wrote his first epistle to the Christians of Thessaloniki, Macedonia around A.D. 52. His Epistle to the Galatians, was perhaps written even earlier, between A.D. 48 and 50. Other epistles written by Paul were directed to Christians living in Greece (1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Philemon, Phillipians, 2 Thessalonians) and Rome (Romans) between A.D. 50-70s.
In 301 AD, the Kingdom of Armenia became the first country to establish Christianity as its state religion. Soon after, the Roman Empire officially adopted Christianity in AD 380. During the Early Middle Ages, most of Europe underwent Christianisation, a process essentially complete with the Christianisation of Scandinavia in the High Middle Ages. The emergence of the notion of "Europe" or "Western World" is intimately connected with the idea of "Christendom", especially since Christianity in the Middle East was marginalized by the rise of Islam from the 7th century, a constellation that led to the Crusades, which although unsuccessful militarily were an important step in the emergence of a religious identity of Europe. At all times, traditions of folk religion existed largely independent from official denomination or dogmatic theology.
Great Schism and Protestant Reformation
The Great Schism of the 11th and Protestant Reformation of the 16th century were to tear apart "Christendom" into hostile factions, and following the Age of Enlightenment of the 18th century, atheism and agnosticism became widespread in Western Europe. 19th century Orientalism contributed to a certain popularity of Buddhism, and the 20th century brought increasing syncretism, New Age and various new religious movements divorcing spirituality from inherited traditions for many Europeans. The latest history brought increased secularisation, and religious pluralism.
- Roman Catholicism: European countries or areas with significant Catholic populations areAndorra, Austria, west Belarus, Belgium, Croatia, France, south and west Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latgale region in Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Poland, Portugal , San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, central and south Switzerland, west Ukraine, and Vatican City. There are also large Catholic minorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina [13-17%] (Herzegovina, Central, Western and Northern Bosnia), Albania [10-15%], the United Kingdom (especially in Northern Ireland [40%] and Scotland [18%]), and most European countries such as the Netherlands [25%], the Czech Republic, In Serbia, , Greece, and Romania Catholics are a small minority.
- Orthodox Christianity:
- The countries with significant Eastern Orthodox populations areBelarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece, the Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan (European sector), , easternmost Hungary, a small minority in Southern Italy, sizable minorities in Albania, Latvia and Lithuania, small minority in Poland, Finland (Karelia).
- Armenia is the only Oriental Orthodox state in Europe.
- Protestantism: Countries with significant Protestant populations includeDenmark, Estonia, Finland, northern part of Germany, Iceland, Latvia, Norway, Sweden; east, north and west Switzerland; and the United Kingdom. There are significant Protestant minorities in France, the northwestern Piedmont region of Italy, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, the southern part of Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, and smaller minorities in the eastern part of Germany, Poland, Greece, and Ireland.
- Anglicanism In the United Kingdom (England and Wales) with minorities in Ireland, Malta (through tourism) and Scotland.
- ^ Johannes Schade (2006), The Encyclopedia of World Religions, Foreign Media Books, ISBN 978-1601360007
- ^ Howard Clark Kee, Franklin W. Young (1957), Understanding the New Testament, Prentice Hall, ISBN 978-0139482663
- ^ Henkel, Reinhard and Hans Knippenberg "The Changing Religious Landscape of Europe" edited by Knippenberg published by Het Spinhuis, Amsterdam 2005 ISBN 90-5589-248-3, pages 7-9
- ^ 
- ^ (Dutch) roman catholic church 4 million members out of a total Dutch population of 16,5 million
- Religion in Europe
- Religion in the European Union
- Christianity in Belarus
- Christianity in Malta
- Christianity in France
- Christianity in Italy
- Protestantism by country
- Roman Catholicism by country
- Islam in Europe
- Christianity by country
- List of religious populations
- No Faith by Country
- Major world religions
Christianity in Europe Sovereign
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Czech Republic
- San Marino
- United Kingdom
- Northern Ireland
- Vatican City
States with limited
and other territories
- Faroe Islands
- Jan Mayen
- Isle of Man
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Christianity by country — Africa … Wikipedia
Christianity in Belarus — Christianity by Country Africa … Wikipedia
Christianity in Albania — Byzantine Orthodox Church in Berat. Christianity in Albania was established throughout the country in 100 AD. From 1000 AD, the Byzantine Empire carried out Church missions in the area. In relation to the increasing influence of Venice, the… … Wikipedia
Christianity in Denmark — Church of Denmark year population members percentage 1984 5,113,500 4,684,060 91.6% 1990 5,135,409 4,584,450 89.3% 2000 5,330,500 4,536,422 85.1% 2005 5,413,600 … Wikipedia
Europe — • The conception of Europe as a distinct division of the earth, separate from Asia and Africa, had its origin in ancient times Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Europe Europe … Catholic encyclopedia
Christianity in the United States — Christianity by Country Africa … Wikipedia
Christianity in Asia — Christianity spread from Western Asia to China between the 1st to the 14th century AD, and further to Eastern Asia from the 16th century with the European Age of Discovery. Christianity in Asia has its roots in the very inception of Christianity … Wikipedia
CHRISTIANITY — CHRISTIANITY, a general term denoting the historic community deriving from the original followers of Jesus of Nazareth; the institutions, social and cultural patterns, and the beliefs and doctrines evolved by this community; and – in the widest … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Christianity and colonialism — are often closely associated because Catholicism and Protestantism were the religions of the European colonial powers and acted in many ways as the religious arm of those powers. According to Edward Andrews, Christian missionaries were… … Wikipedia
Christianity — Christianity played an important role in forming the attitudes of generations of Europeans toward Jews. Indeed, the roots of Christianity are found within Judaism; Jesus and his disciples were Jews who belonged to a sect that preached… … Historical dictionary of the Holocaust