- Canadians of German ethnicity
Infobox Ethnic group
group = Canadians of German ethnicity
poptime = 3,179,425
10.2% of the Canadian Population
Ontario, Western Canada, Atlantic Canada, Quebec
langs = English, French, German
Protestant, Roman Catholic
related = German,
2006Canadian census put the number of Canadians of German ethnicity at 3,179,425. Only a small fraction of German Canadians are descendants of immigrants from what is today Germany. Fact|date=March 2008Far more have come from German populations in Eastern Europe and Russia with significant numberquantify|date=August 2008 of Germans coming from Switzerlandand the Low Countries; some have also come from Austria. Another largequantify|date=August 2008 group was those of German descent who came to Canada after spending a significant amount of timequantify|date=August 2008 in the United States.
A few Germans came to
New Franceand mixed with the French-Canadians. However, the first major round of German immigration to Canada began after the British conquest of Nova Scotia. Many Germans had served in the British army and elected to settle in the new lands. Far more arrived as some of the Foreign Protestants. These were continental Protestants encouraged to come to Nova Scotia to counter balance the large number of Catholic Acadians. This influx began in about 1750 and to this day the South Shore of Nova Scotiais filled with German town names, surnames, and Lutheranchurches.
American Revolutionsaw an even larger group of German migrants to Canada. Those of German descent made up a significant percentagequantify|date=August 2008 of United Empire Loyalists. To defeat the revolution, and later to defend British North Americafrom it, the British used large numbers of German mercenaries. Many of them chose to settle in Canada once their terms of service expired. Several German mercenaries from the Brunswick regiment settled in Quebec, southwest of Montrealand south of Quebec City.
The largest group fleeing the United States were the
Mennoniteswhose pacifismwas discriminated against in the new United States. They moved to what is today southwest Ontario, settling around Berlin, Ontario(now known as Kitchener and Waterloo). This large group also attracted new migrants from Germany drawing some 50,000 of them to the region over the next decades.
The population of the Canadian west beginning in
1896drew further large numbers of German immigrants, mostly from Eastern Europe. Once again Mennonites were especially prominent being persecuted by the Tsaristregime in Russia. The farmers, used to the harsh conditions of farming in Russia, were some of the most successful in adapting to the Canadian prairies. This accelerated when, in the 1920s, the United States imposed quotas on Eastern European immigration. Soon after Canada imposed its own limits, however, and prevented most of those trying to flee the Third Reichfrom moving to Canada. Many of these Mennonites settled in the Winnipegand Steinbach, Manitobaarea.
In the years since the
Second World Warthere have been about 400,000 German speaking immigrants.
While Germans are one of the largest constituent ethnic groups in Canada, they are considerably less visible than others. In part this is because the great waves of German immigration were many decades ago and since then Germans have been largely assimilated. Culturally, linguistically, and physically, there is far less to distinguish Germans from the Anglo-French majority compared to other immigrant groups. Also important is that during both the world wars the Germans were regarded as enemies. Many Canadians attempted to hide their German ancestry, some ceasing to speak German, and some even changing their surnames. Some German place names were renamed, such as that of Berlin to
Where They Live
The 5 areas in Canada where they mostly live are
Toronto: 220,135, Vancouver: 187,410, Winnipeg: 109,355, Kitchener: 93,325, and Montreal: 83,850.
There are also several German ethnic
block settlements in western Canada, especially around Regina, Saskatchewan.
Rosalie Abella, current Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
Randy Bachmann, rock musician
Gary Doer, Premier of Manitoba
John Diefenbaker, Prime Minister
Gerhard Herzberg, scientist
*John Kay, musician
Almuth Lütkenhaus, sculptor
Milt Schmidt, hockey player
Miriam Toews, Governor General's Award-winning writer
Vic Toews, current President of the Treasury Board of Canada
Ralph Klein, former Progressive Conservative Premier of Alberta
Howie Morenz, hockey player
Woody Dumart, hockey player
In the early 1980s, German ice hockey started a recruitment drive in Canada, aimed at Canadian ice hockey players of German ancestry. The term "Deutsch-Kanadier" became synonymous in Germany with those players. Their contribution added largely to the improvement of the sport and the national team in Germany. Critics however also blame those players for a reduction in the number of German born players to play at elite level. Some of them, like Harold Kreis, remain closely associated with the sport in Germany. The most well known of those were:
* Harold Kreis
* Roy Roedger
* Manfred Wolf
* [http://www.ualberta.ca/~german/PAA/German-speakingcommunitiesinAlberta.htm University of Alberta's History of Germans in Alberta]
* [http://www.multiculturalcanada.ca Multicultural Canada website] including German books and periodicals
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Canadians of Czech ethnicity — Notable Czech Canadian: Josef Škvorecký Total population 98,090 Regions with significant populations Alberta, B … Wikipedia
German language — German Deutsch Pronunciation [ˈdɔʏtʃ] Spoken in Primarily in German speaking Europe, as a minority language and amongst the German diaspora worldwide … Wikipedia
Germans — This article is about Germans as an ethnic group. For other uses, see Germans (disambiguation). For the population of Germany, see Demographics of Germany. For an analysis on the nationality or German citizenship, see German nationality law. For… … Wikipedia
Ethnic Germans — German Argentines celebrate Oktoberfest in Villa General Belgrano. This article is about the ethnic German diaspora. See Germans Abroad for German citizens with residence abroad. See Emigration from Germany for disambiguation. Ethnic Germans… … Wikipedia
Québécois — Infobox Ethnic group group = Québécois pop = 7,546,131 regions = flag|Quebec langs = French rels = Predominantly Roman Catholic related = French Canadians, French, Acadians, Cajun, Metis, Franco Ontarian, Franco Manitoban, French American, Brayon … Wikipedia
Czech Canadian — Infobox Ethnic group group = Canadians of Czech ethnicity caption = Notable Czech Canadian: Josef Škvorecký flagicon|Czech Republic flagicon|Canada poptime = 79, 915 popplace = Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario langs = Czech, English rels =… … Wikipedia
Owen Bieber — Owen F. Bieber Born December 28, 1929 (1929 12 28) (age 81) North Door, Michigan, U.S. Nationality American Occupation Labor leader Known … Wikipedia
cañada — /keuhn yah deuh, yad euh/, n. Chiefly Western U.S. 1. a dry riverbed. 2. a small, deep canyon. [1840 50; < Sp, equiv. to cañ(a) CANE + ada n. suffix] * * * Canada Introduction Canada Background: A land of vast distances and rich natural resources … Universalium
Canada — /kan euh deuh/, n. a nation in N North America: a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. 29,123,194; 3,690,410 sq. mi. (9,558,160 sq. km). Cap.: Ottawa. * * * Canada Introduction Canada Background: A land of vast distances and rich natural… … Universalium
Religion in Canada — Culture of Canada This article is part of a series History Canadians Canadian identity … Wikipedia