Alcyone

Alcyone

In Greek mythology, Alcyone (Greek: polytonic|Ἁλκυόνη) was the daughter of Aeolus, either by Enarete or Aegiale. She married Ceyx, son of Eosphorus, the Morning Star.

They were very happy together in Trachis, and according to Pseudo-Apollodorus's account, often sacrilegiously called each other "Zeus" and "Hera." [Apollodorus [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0022&layout=&loc=1.7.3 i. 7. 3] - [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0022;layout=;query=section%3D%2335;loc=1.7.3 4] )] This angered Zeus, so while Ceyx was at sea (going to consult an oracle according to Ovid's account), the god threw a thunderbolt at his ship. Ceyx appeared to Alcyone as an apparition to tell her of his fate, and she threw herself into the sea in her grief. Out of compassion, the gods changed them both into halcyon birds, named after her.

Ovid [Ovid "Metamorphoses" [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.02.0028&layout=&loc=11.411 XI, 410ff.-748] (also [http://www.tkline.freeserve.co.uk/Metamorph11.htm#_Toc64105704 here] )] and Hyginus [Hyginus "Fabulae" [http://www.theoi.com/Text/HyginusFabulae2.html#65 65] ] both also recount the metamorphosis of the pair in and after Ceyx's loss in a terrible storm, though they both omit Ceyx and Alcyone calling each other Zeus and Hera- and Zeus's resulting anger - as a reason for it. Ovid also adds the detail of her seeing his body washed up on the shore before her attempted suicide.

Ovid and Hyginus both also make the metamorphosis the origin of the etymology for "halcyon days", the seven days in winter when storms never occur. They state that these were originally the seven days each year (either side of the shortest day of the year) during which Alcyone (as a kingfisher) laid her eggs and made her nest on the beach and during which her father Aeolus, god of the winds, restrained the winds and calmed the waves so she could do so in safety. The phrase has since become a term used to describe a peaceful time generally.

The myth is also briefly referred to by Virgil, again without reference to Zeus's anger. [Virgil "Georgics" [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.02.0058;layout=;query=card%3D%2314;loc=1.424 i. 399] - " [At that time] not to the sun's warmth then upon the shore / Do halcyons dear to Thetis ope their wings"]

Classical sources

Later references

* Various kinds of kingfishers are named after the couple, in reference to the metamorphosis myth:
** The genus "Ceyx" (within the River kingfishers family) is named after him
** The kingfisher family Halcyonidae (Tree Kingfishers) is named after his wife, as is the genus Halcyon.
** The Belted Kingfisher's Latin species name (Megaceryle alcyon) also references her name.
* Their story features in "The Book of the Duchess".
* Their story is the basis for the opera Alcyone by the French composer Marin Marais

Other sources

Also see: The Poems of Archibald Lampman - Canadian Poetry Archive [http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/]

* A collection of Canada's celebrated nature poet. "Alcyone", his final set of poetry published posthumously in 1899, highlights both Lampman's apocalyptic and utopian visions of the future.


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Alcyone — im Hafen Die Alcyone ist das zweite Forschungsschiff des französischen Ozeanographen Jacques Yves Cousteau. Dieser ließ Anfang der 1980er Jahre das Rotorschiff, das eine Kombination aus Segelschiff und Motorschiff darstellt, planen und bauen. Die …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alcyone — ALCYŎNE, es, Gr. Ἀλκυόνη, ης, (⇒ Tab. VIII.) einer von des Atlas und der Pleione Töchtern, und also aus der Zahl der Pleiaden, mit welcher Neptun die Aethusa, Apollod. lib. III. c. 10. §. 1. oder, nach andern, die Hyperete und Antha, Pausan.… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Alcyone [1] — ALCYŎNE, es, des Meleagers Gemahlinn, welche sich über dessen Ableben zu Tode grämete. Hygin. Fab 174. Sie hieß eigentlich Kleopatra, Ant. Liber. Metam. c. 2. und war eine Tochter des Idas und der Marpessa. Man hatte ihr aber diesen Zunamen… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Alcyone [2] — ALCYŎNE, es, (⇒ Tab. XXV.) des Aeolus aus Deukalions Geschlechte und der Aegiale Tochter, und Gemahlinn des Ceyx, welche ihres Hochmuthes wegen beyde umgekommen seyn sollen. Denn weil sie den Ceyx ihren Jupiter, Ceyx aber sie seine Juno zu nennen …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • alcyoné — ⇒ALCYONÉ, ÉE, adj. et subst. masc. ZOOLOGIE A. Adj., vx. Qui ressemble à un alcyon (cf. ce mot C 2). Synon. alcyonaire, alcyonien. Rem. N est attesté que ds Ac. Compl. 1842, BESCH. 1845 et Lar. 19e. B. Subst. masc. (plur.). Alcyoné(s). Synon.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alcyŏne — Alcyŏne, Stern im Stier, s.d. u. Centralsonne …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Alcyone — Alcyone, hellster Stern der Plejaden (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Alcyone — Alcyŏne, s. Alkyone …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Alcyone — [al sī′ə nē΄] n. [L < Gr Alkyonē, daughter of Aeolus] the brightest star in the Pleiades in the constellation Taurus: magnitude, 2.96 …   English World dictionary

  • Alcyone — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Alcyon. Dans la mythologie grecque, ce nom est porté par plusieurs personn …   Wikipédia en Français


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