Persian name

Persian name

Prior to the reign of Reza Shah (r. 1925 - 1941), the people of Persia (Iran) did not use surnames. A person was often distinguished from others by a combination of prefixes and suffixes attached to his name which, if omitted, might cause him to be taken for someone else. [cite book |author=Salmani, Ustad Muhammad-`Aliy-i, the Barber |coauthors=Gail, Marizieh (tr.) |title=My Memories of Bahá'u'lláh |publisher=Kalimát Press |date=1982 |location=Los Angeles, USA |pages=p. 123 |id=ISBN 0-933770-21-9 ]

In many cases an individual was known by the name of the district, city, town, or even the village from which they came by using the locality's name as a suffix, for example: Nuri, Khorasani, Mazandarani, Tehrani, Esfahani, and Shirazi.

Honorifics, Prefixes & Suffixes

*Aqa آقا - Sir, mister. General term of respect.
*Darvish درويش- A Sufi mystic or a spiritual Guru (Dervish).
*Haji حاجى- As a prefix, one who had made the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca.
*Karbala'i كربلايى- As a prefix, one who has made the pilgrimage to Karbala. As a suffix, one from Karbala.
*Khan خان- As a suffix, served at one time as a title for an honored person.
*Mashhadi مشهدى- As a prefix, one who has made the pilgrimage to Mashad. As a suffix, one from Mashad. Often shortened to مش (Mash).
*Mir میر- As a prefix generally indicates seyed descent.
*Mirza ميرزا- Shortened version of "Amir Zade." As a prefix, a general term of respect which usually indicates that the one designated is literate. As a suffix, it indicates a man of royal descent.
*Mullah ملا- A Muslim cleric.
*Ostad استاد- A master craftsman, lecturer or a person who is the master of a profession.
*Jenaab- As a prefix, excellency.

Final days

Among many other secularization and modernization reforms, surnames were required by Reza Shah, following similar contemporary patterns in Turkey under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, and later in Egypt under Gamal Abdel Nasser. [cite journal |last=Tehranian |first=Majid |title=Disenchanted Worlds: Seculartization and Democratization in the Middle East |journal=Paper for Presentation at the World Congress of International Political Science Association |date=August 1-5, 2000 |url= |accessdate=2006-09-28 ]

ee also

*Family name


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ramin (Persian Name) — Ramin or Rāmīn (in Persian: رامین) is a Persian male given name and from Zoroastrian origin means Joyful. See also * Vis and Ramin * Shahnameh ( Iran s national epic book ) * Firdowsi ( Writer of Shahnameh ) * Persian literature * Persian… …   Wikipedia

  • Persian language — Farsi redirects here. For other uses, see Farsi (disambiguation). Persian فارسی, دری, تاجیکی Wri …   Wikipedia

  • name — namer, n. /naym/, n., v., named, naming, adj. n. 1. a word or a combination of words by which a person, place, or thing, a body or class, or any object of thought is designated, called, or known. 2. mere designation, as distinguished from fact:… …   Universalium

  • Persian blue — (not to be confused with prussian blue) comes in three shades: Persian blue proper a bright medium blue; medium Persian blue (a medium slightly grayish blue that is slightly indigoish); and a kind of dark blue that is much closer to indigo; this… …   Wikipedia

  • Persian cat — Persian Alternative names Longhair Persian Longhair Origin Iranian plateau ( Persia ) Breed standard FIFe …   Wikipedia

  • Persian literature — (PerB|ادبیات پارسی) spans two and a half millennia, though much of the pre Islamic material has been lost. Its sources often come from far flung regions beyond the borders of present day Iran, as the Persian language flourished and survives… …   Wikipedia

  • Persian traditional music — Persian Arts Visual Arts Painting …   Wikipedia

  • Persian palace — is a derisive term used by Los Angeles residents for a large mansion that occupies a disproportionately small parcel of land. This style of house is similar to a McMansion, but draws from Mediterranean Revival and Middle Eastern influences… …   Wikipedia

  • Persian fallow deer — Conservation status Endangered ( …   Wikipedia

  • Persian jird — Persian jird, female, two and a half years old. Conservation status …   Wikipedia