- Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey
He was born in Hunsdon,
Hertfordshire, England, the eldest son of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, and his second wife, Lady Elizabeth Stafford (daughter of Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham), so he was descended from kings on both sides of his family tree. He was reared at Windsor with Henry VIII's illegitimate son Henry FitzroyDuke of Richmond, and they became close friends and, later, brothers-in-law. He became Earl of Surreyin 1524 when his grandfather died and his father became Duke of Norfolk.
In 1532 he accompanied his first cousin
Anne Boleyn, the King, and the Duke of Richmond to France, staying there for more than a year as a member of the entourage of Francis I of France. In 1536 his first son, Thomas (later 4th Duke of Norfolk), was born, Anne Boleynwas executed on charges of adulteryand treason, and Henry Fitzroydied at the age of 17 and was buried at one of the Howard homes, Thetford Abbey. That was also the year Henry — who took after his father and grandfather in military prowess — served with his father against the Pilgrimage of Gracerebellion protesting the dissolution of the monasteries.
Death and burial
He was imprisoned with his father by Henry VIII, who, consumed by his own paranoia, was convinced that Henry Howard had planned to usurp the crown from his son Edward. He was executed for
treasonon 19 January 1547sentenced on 13 January 1547 (his father was saved from execution only by its being set for the day after Henry happened to die) his son Thomas became heir to the Dukedom of Norfolk instead, inheriting it on the 3rd Duke's death in 1554.
He is buried in a spectacular painted alabaster tomb at
St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham.
Marriage and issue
He married Lady Frances de Vere, the daughter of
John de Vere, 15th Earl of Oxfordand Elizabeth Trussell, Countess of Oxford. They had five children:
Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk( 10 March, 1536– 2 June, 1572) married (1) Mary FitzAlan (2) Margaret Audley (3) Elizabeth Leyburne
* Margaret Howard, married
Henry Scrope, 9th Baron Scrope of Bolton
Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton
He and his friend Sir Thomas Wyatt were the first English poets to write in the
sonnetform that Shakespeare later used, and Henry was the first English poet to publish blank versein his translation of the second and fourth books of Virgil's Aeneid. Together, Wyatt and Surrey, due to their excellent translations of Petrarch's sonnets, are known as "Fathers of the English Sonnet."
* [http://parsonsfamily.blogware.com/indiI1213.html biography, and poems]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey — Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, Ölgemälde von Hans Holbein d. J., 1542 Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey (* 1516 in Hunsdon, Hertfordshire; † 19. Januar 1547 im Tower of London) war ein englischer Dichter. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Henry Howard (comte de Surrey) — Henry Howard Portrait de 1546, attribué à William Scrots. Surnom comte de Surrey … Wikipédia en Français
Surrey, Henry Howard, earl of — born 1517, Hunsdon, Hertfordshire, Eng.? died Jan. 13, 1547, London English poet. Because of his aristocratic birth and connections, Surrey was involved in the jockeying for place that accompanied Henry VIII s policies. After returning to England … Universalium
Surrey, Henry Howard, Earl of — (1517? 1547) Poet, s. of Thomas H., 3rd Duke of Norfolk, was ed. by John Clerke, a learned and travelled scholar, and sec. to his f. He became attached to the Court, was cup bearer to the King (Henry VIII.), ewerer at the Coronation, and Earl… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
SURREY, HENRY HOWARD, EARL OF — poet, son of the Duke of Norfolk; early attached to the court of Henry VIII., he attended his royal master at the Field of the Cloth of Gold, and took part in the coronation ceremony of Anne Boleyn (1533); was created a Knight of the Garter in … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey — Thomas Howard, 2. Herzog von Norfolk und Earl of Surrey, (* 1443 in Stoke Neyland, Suffolk; † 21. Mai 1524 auf Framlingham Castle) war ein englischer Feldherr und Höfling. Wappen Leben Thomas Howard war der einzige Sohn von John Howard, 1. Herzog … Deutsch Wikipedia
Northampton, Henry Howard, Earl of, Baron Of Marnhull — ▪ English earl born Feb. 25, 1540, Shottesham, Norfolk, Eng. died June 15, 1614, London Roman Catholic intriguer during the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I of England, known for his unscrupulousness and treachery. He was the second… … Universalium
HOWARD, Henry Earl of Surrey — (c. 1517 1547) In his Arte of English Poesie (1589), George Puttenham gave Henry Howard, earl of Surrey, the title of being among the first reformers of English poetry for having greatly polished its rude and homely manner. Though the subsequent … Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary
Howard, Henry, Earl Of Surrey — (?1517 1547) He took the title of Earl of Surrey in 1524 when his father, Thomas Howard, succeeded as 3rd Duke of Norfolk. He studied classical and modern literature and showed promise as a poet, and he could translate Latin, Italian, and… … British and Irish poets
Howard, Henry, Earl of Surrey — (ca. 1517 1547) English poet, associated with his friend Sir Thomas Wyatt (1503 1542) in the introduction of the sonnet, a form developed in Italy during the 13th century and perfected in the works of Petrarch, into English poetry. Wyatt… … Historical Dictionary of Renaissance