- Philip I of France
Infobox French Royalty|monarch
title=King of the Franks
caption="1904 sketch based upon earlier artwork"
23 May 1059– 4 August 1060; 4 August 1060– 29 July 1108
23 May 1059
Bertha of Holland
Bertrade de Montfort
issue=Constance, Princess of Antioch
Cecile, Countess of Tripoli
House of Capet
royal anthem =
Anne of Kiev
date of birth= birth date|1052|5|23|df=y
place of birth=
date of death= death date and age|1108|7|29|1052|5|23|df=y
place of death=
place of burial=
Philip I (
23 May 1052– 29 July 1108), called the Amorous [ [http://www.britannia.com/history/resource/france.html Kings of France ] ] or the Fat, was King of France from 1060 to his death. His reign, like that of most of the early Direct Capetians, was extraordinarily long for the time. The monarchy began a modest recovery from the low it reached in the reign of his father and he added to the royal demesne the Vexinand Bourges.
Philip was the son of Henry I and
Anne of Kiev. His name was of Greek origin, being derived from "Philippos", meaning "lover of horses". It was rather exotic for Western Europeat the time and was bestowed upon him by his Eastern European mother. Although he was crowned king at the age of seven, until age fourteen (1066) his mother acted as regent, the first queen of France ever to do so. Her co-regent was Baldwin V of Flanders.
Philip first married Bertha, daughter of
Floris I, Count of Holland, in 1072. Although the marriage produced the necessary heir, Philip fell in love with Bertrade de Montfort, the wife of Count Fulk IV of Anjou. He repudiated Bertha (claiming she was too fat) and married Bertrade on 15 May 1092. In 1094, he was excommunicatedby Hugh, Archbishop of Lyon, for the first time; after a long silence, Pope Urban IIrepeated the excommunication at the Council of Clermontin November 1095. Several times the ban was lifted as Philip promised to part with Bertrade, but he always returned to her, and after 1104, the ban was not repeated. In France, the king was opposed by Bishop Ivo of Chartres, a famous jurist.
Philip appointed Alberic first
Constable of Francein 1060. A great part of his reign, like his father's, was spent putting down revolts by his power-hungry vassals. In 1077, he made peace with William the Conqueror, who gave up attempting the conquest of Brittany. In 1082, Philip I expanded his demesne with the annexation of the Vexin. Then in 1100, he took control of Bourges.
It was at the aforementioned Council of Clermont that the
First Crusadewas launched. Philip at first did not personally support it because of his conflict with Urban II. The pope would not have allowed him to participate anyway, as he had reaffirmed Philip's excommunication at the said council. Philip's brother Hugh of Vermandois, however, was a major participant.
Philip died in the castle of
Melunand was buried per request at the monastery of Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire– and not in St Denis among his forefathers. He was succeeded by his son, Louis VI, whose succession was, however, not uncontested. According to Abbot Suger:
Philip's children with Bertha were:
Hugh I of Champagnebefore 1097 and then, after her divorce, to Bohemund I of Antiochin 1106
#Louis (December 1, 1081 – August 1, 1137)
#Henry (b.1083) (died young)
Philip's children with Bertrade were:
# Philippe, Comte de Mantes (living 1123)
# Fleury, seigneur de Nagis (living 1118)
Cecile of France, married Tancred, Prince of Galilee; married secondly Pons of Tripoli
Genealogiae Comitum Flandriae"
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