1932 Democratic National Convention


1932 Democratic National Convention

The 1932 Democratic National Convention was held in Chicago, Illinois from June 27 - July 2, 1932. The convention resulted in the nomination of Governor Franklin Roosevelt of New York for President and Speaker of the House John Nance Garner of Texas for Vice-President.

The three major contenders for the presidential nomination were Roosevelt, Garner and former governor of New York and 1928 presidential candidate, Al Smith. They roughly represented three competing factions of the Democratic Party. Smith was supported by the Tammany Hall machine in New York City, and had many supporters in the Democratic National Committee, as well as in Chicago. Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak packed the hall with Smith supporters.

Roosevelt was supported by a solid majority of the delegates, and had the support of Senators Burton Wheeler, Cordell Hull, Alben Barkley, and Huey Long, who held the Deep South for Roosevelt. The new Democratic coalition would begin at this convention: Roosevelt brought into the Democratic fold western progressives, ethnic minorities, rural farmers, and intellectuals.

Garner had support from newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst and Senator William Gibbs McAdoo. He was never a serious threat, and never bothered to campaign for the position. However, the faction that supported Garner was important because it could break a potential deadlock between Smith and Roosevelt.

After three ballots, Roosevelt had not secured the two-thirds majority necessary for the nomination. At this point, Smith believed the delegates were anxious about a deadlocked convention, and attempted to stampede all the delegates' votes toward his surrogate, Cleveland Mayor Newton D. Baker.Fact|date=June 2008 The stalemate lingered for several daysdubious, however, until a late night call was made by leading Democrat Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr.(then a Roosevelt supporter) to Hearst.Fact|date=June 2008 Kennedy reminded Hearst that if the convention continued in the same way, Smith or Baker would be nominated, two people who embodied all the political beliefs diametrically opposed to Hearst's own.Fact|date=June 2008 Kennedy managed to convince Hearst to notify Garner to bow out of the race, and to support Roosevelt.Fact|date=June 2008 When McAdoo learned of this decision, he threw California's delegates to Roosevelt, and the other states fell in line behind Roosevelt.

In his acceptance speech, Roosevelt broke tradition and established the precedent of formally accepting the nomination in person at the convention. In his speech, he pledged "a new deal for the American people."

ee also

*1932 Republican National Convention
*United States presidential election, 1932
*Democratic National Convention

sequence
prev=1928
list=Democratic National Conventions
next=1936

External links

* [http://politicalgraveyard.com/parties/D/1932/index.html 1932 Democratic Convention]
* [http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=75174 Roosevelt Acceptance Speech at the American Presidency Project]


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