- Santa Barbara Channel
The Santa Barbara Channel is that part of the
Pacific Oceanwhich separates the mainlandof Californiafrom the northern Channel Islands. It is generally south of the city of Santa Barbara, and west of the city of Ventura.
It trends east-west, is approximately 80 miles long and averages about thirty miles across, becoming narrowest at its easternmost extremity where
Anacapa Islandis less than twenty miles from the mainland.
The Santa Barbara Channel is considered a scenic location, with the islands visible from the mainland on clear days.
Excursion boats cross the channel, taking visitors to watch
whales and visit the islands. In the perpendicular (east-west) direction, huge cargo ships and tankers occupy a major shipping lane on their way to or from the ports of Los Angelesand Long Beach.
The Channel is the location of several active oil fields with substantial reserves, including the Ellwood and Dos Cuadras fields. In 1969, the Dos Cuadras was the site of a major oil spill, [History, 1969] which came about when oil spurted at high pressure through faults and cracks around a zone which had recently been drilled for the first time. Public outrage over the massive environmental damage inflicted by this spill, which covered hundreds of square miles of the channel and fouled beaches from Ventura to Goleta, was a major spur to the budding
environmental movement. Some oil exploration and production activities continue in the area, in spite of vigorous opposition from local organizations, such as Santa Barbara-based "Get Oil Out" (GOO).
Kaustubh Vemuri of Pune in India, became the youngest person to swim across the Santa Barbara Channel on 29th September 2007. He swam a distance of 20km from Anacapa Island to Oxnard in 7hr and 23mins. [http://www.santabarbarachannelswim.com]
Prior to the
Holeoceneera sea levels were considerably lower, such that the water width separating the mainland was much less. This effect had a significant effect upon biological colonization as well as human transport via plank canoes. As examples, the Native American Chumashpeoples navigated these waters with ease using their primitive watercraft, allowing communication and trade between island and mainland villages. In terms of biological colonization, C. Michael Hogan reviews some of the theories of colonization of the rare species Torrey Pine, " Pinus torreyana" to the islands, suggesting that it is likely that Chumashpeoples carried the initial cones in their canoes. [C.M.Hogan, 2008]
The Santa Barbara Channel is also the name of local television including 17 community access and 21 arts and education.
* [http://www.geog.ucsb.edu/~jeff/sb_69oilspill/69oilspill_articles2.html A history of the 1969 oil spill event]
* C.Michael Hogan (2008) "Morro Creek", The Megalithic Portal, ed. by A. Burnham [http://www.megalithic.co.uk/article.php?sid=18502]
* [http://www.gaviotacoastconservancy.org/progress/05_10-09_oil&water_venco_wants_to_drill.html Oil companies continue efforts for permission to drill in the channel]
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