Floriano Peixoto


Floriano Peixoto

Infobox_President
name=Floriano Vieira Peixoto
nationality=Brazilian


term_start=November 23, 1891
term_end=November 15, 1894
predecessor=Deodoro da Fonseca
successor=Prudente de Morais
birth_date=birth date|1839|4|30|mf=y
birth_place=Maceió, Alagoas
death_date=death date and age|1895|7|29|1839|4|30|mf=y
death_place=Barra Mansa, Rio de Janeiro
spouse=
party=None
order=2nd President of Brazil
vicepresident=None

Floriano Vieira Peixoto (April 30, 1839, Maceió, Brazil — July 29, 1895, Rio de Janeiro), pron. IPA2|floɾi'ʌnu vi'ejɾɐ pej'ʃotu, born in Ipioca (today a district of the city of Maceió in the State of Alagoas), was a Brazilian soldier and politician, a veteran of the War of the Triple Alliance, and the second President of Brazil.

Election and Succession as President

Floriano Peixoto was an Army Marshal when elected vice-president in 1891 and later rose to the Presidency following the resignation of Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca in November 1891, first President of Brazil following the end of the Monarchy in 1889. Floriano Peixoto came to the Presidency in a difficult period of the young First Republic and his ascendancy to the Presidency was deemed unconstitutional since the Article 42 of the Constitution indicated that, in the case of resignation of the incumbent, the Vice-President could only assume the Presidency if half of the President's mandate was completed.

Government

Floriano Peixoto defeated a naval officers' rebellion against him (1893-1894) and a seditious military movement in the State of Rio Grande do Sul and in the State of Santa Catarina. His government was marked by increased centralization of power and nationalism.

Legacy

He is often referred to as "the Consolidator of the Republic" or "The Iron Marshal". He left the Presidency in November 15, 1894 but despite his unpopularity, the "Iron Marshal" was responsible for the consolidation of the new Republican Government.


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  • Floriano Peixoto — Floriano Vieira Peixoto Floriano Vieira Peixoto (* 30. April 1839 in Ipioca, Maceió; † 29. Juni 1895 in Divisa, Rio de Janeiro) war ein brasilianischer Politiker und Militär …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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