American plaice


American plaice

Taxobox
name = American plaice



image_width = 240px
image_caption = American plaice, "Hippoglossoides platessoides"
name = American plaice
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Actinopterygii
ordo = Pleuronectiformes
familia = Pleuronectidae
genus = "Hippoglossoides"
species = H. platessoides
binomial = "Hippoglossoides platessoides"
subdivision_ranks = Subfamilies
The American plaice, "Hippoglossoides platessoides," is a flatfish that belongs, along with other right eyed flounders, to the Pleuronectidae family. American plaice are an Atlantic species. ["Plaice." Grolier Encyclopedia of Knowledge, volume 15, copyright 1991. Grolier Inc., ISBN 0-7172-5300-7] Their range is from southern Labrador to Rhode Island. They spawn in the Gulf of Maine, with peak activity in April and May. They grow to a maximum length of 70 cm (28 inches). [ [http://www.nefsc.noaa.gov/fbi/age-man/ampl/ampl.htm] Dery, L.M. "American plaice, Hippoglossoides platessoides." Fishery Biology Program, Woods Hole Massachusetts Laboratory of the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), Northeast Fisheries Science Center (NEFSC).retrieved January 18, 2007] The species is considered by the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization to be overfished, with no signs of recovery. [ [http://www.nafo.int/fisheries/frames/fish-pla.html] Fishery Recent Assessment (2005 and 2006). Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization. retrieved January 18, 2007] On the other hand, the Canadian government believes the species is abundant, and counts it as the second most caught flatfish, totalling 50% of the flatfish caught by Canadian fishermen. [ [http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/zone/underwater_sous-marin/plaice/plaice-plie_e.htm] "American plaice." Underwater World. Fisheries and Oceans Canada. retrieved January 18, 2007]

American plaice may be an intermediate host for the nematode parasite "Otostrongylus circumlitis", which is a lungworm of seals, primarily affecting animals less than 1 yr of age. [ Bergeron et al. 1997. Canadian Journal of Zoology 75: 1364-1371. ]

References


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