Pordenone


Pordenone

Infobox CityIT


imege_caption = Pordenone Town Hall
img_coa = Pordenone-Stemma.png official_name = Comune di Pordenone
name = Pordenone
mapx = 45.95
mapy = 12.73
region = Friuli-Venezia Giulia
province = Pordenone (PN)
elevation_m = 24
area_total_km2 = 38
population_as_of = 2004
population_total = 51044
population_density_km2 = 1305
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|45|58|N|12|39|E|region:IT_type:city(2546807)
frazioni = Vallenoncello, Rorai Grande, Torre, Villanova, Borgomeduna
telephone = 0434
postalcode = 33170
gentilic = Pordenonesi
saint = Saint Mark
day = April 25 (in conjunction with a National Holiday, so the Local holiday is held on september 8)
mayor = Sergio Bolzonello (from June 10, 2001)
website = [http://www.comune.pordenone.it www.comune.pordenone.it]

Pordenone (Friulian: "Pordenon") is a "comune" of Pordenone province of northeast Italy in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region.

The name comes from the Latin "Portus Naonis" meaning the port on the river Noncello (Latin "Naon")

History

Pordenone was created in the High Middle Ages as a river port on the Noncello, with the name "Portus Naonis". In the area, however, there were already villas and agricultural settlements in the Roman age.In 1378, after having been administrated by several feudatories, the city was handed over to the Habsburg family, forming an Austrian enclave within the territory of Patriarchate of Aquileia. In the 14th century Pordenone grew substantially due to the flourishing river trades, gaining the status of city in 1314.

In 1514 it was acquired by the Republic of Venice, under which a new port was built and the manufacturers improved.

After the Napoleonic parenthesis Pordenone was included in the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia. The railway connection and the construction of the Pontebbana road implied the decline of the port, but spurred a substantial industrial development (especially for the working of cotton). Pordenone was annexed to Italy in 1866.

The cotton sector, however, decayed after the damage of World War I and the 1929 crisis never recovered at all. After World War II the local Zanussi became a world giant of household appliances, and in 1968 Pordenone became capital of the province with the same name, including territory belonging to Udine.

After WWII, Pordenone, as well as the rest of Friuli-Venezia Giulia, became garrison for many military units, in order to prevent an eventual Soviet invasion from east.The heavy military presence was an important factor in the economical development of this once depressed area.Pordenone is as now garrison of the 132nd Armored Brigade "Ariete".

Pordenone has been the primary host to Le Giornate del Cinema Muto, a world-famous festival of silent film, since 1981, excepting an eight-year lapse after the host theater, Il Cinema Verde, was torn down. The nearby town of Sacile hosted the festival from 1999 to 2006. The "27th Pordenone Silent Film Festival" will be held be held in the new Cinema Verde, October 4-11, 2008. [ [http://www.cinetecadelfriuli.org/gcm/ Pordenone Silent Film Festival website] ]

Main sights

*"Corso Vittorio Emanuele II", with its characteristic Gothic and Renaissance edifices, some with frescoes.
*Cathedral of St. Mark ("Duomo") was built from 1363 in Romanesque-Gothic style and restored in the 16th and 18th centuries. It houses a famous fresco of "San Rocco" and an altarpiece by the native Renaissance painter Giovanni Antonio de' Sacchis (commonly known as "Il Pordenone"). It has a 79 m bell tower.
*"Palazzo Ricchieri", today seat of the Town Art Museum. It was originally a tower-house from the 13th century, later adapted as a mansion by the Venetian family of Ricchieri.
*The Gothic Communal Palace (1291-1395). The loggia, the pinnacles and the watch-tower, designed by painter Pomponio Amalteo, were added in the 16th century.
*The church of the "Santissima Trinità" ("Holy Trinity"), alongside the Noncello river. It has an octagonal plant and frescoes by Giovanni Maria Calderari, pupil of "Il Pordenone".
*"Castello di Torre" ("Tower Castle") (late 12th century), residence of the Ragogna family and now seat of the Western Friuli Archaeological Museum. It was assaulted in 1402 by Imperial troops, who left in place only a tower.
*Roman Villa of Torre, remains of a patrician villa discovered in the 1950s.

Twinnings

*flagicon|Austria Spittal an der Drau, Austria, since 1987.

References

External links

*it icon [http://www.comune.pordenone.it Homepage of the city]
* [http://museoarte.comune.pordenone.it Town Art Museum]
* [http://www.comune.pordenone.it/comune/strutture/archeomuseo Western Friuli Archaeological Museum]
* [http://www.comune.pordenone.it/comune/strutture/museoscienze Town Science Museum]
* [http://www.consorziocastelli.it/icastelli/torre Castello di Torre]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pordenone — Pordenone …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pordenone — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • PORDENONE — GIOVANNI ANTONIO DE’ SACCHIS dit (1484 env. 1539) Le début de la carrière de Pordenone est tout provincial. Ses premières œuvres sont à Susegana (Vierge à l’Enfant avec quatre saints , 1516), à Pordenone (son village natal dont il prit le nom), à …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pordenone [1] — Pordenone (Portenau), Stadt in der venetianischen Provinz Udine, am Ronzello u. an der Eisenbahn zwischen Udine u. Treviso; Dom, Papierfabrik; 6700 Ew. Vaterstadt des Malers Pordenone …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pordenone [2] — Pordenone, Giovanni Anton Licinio, genannt P., auch Corticelli (aus der Familie Sacchi) od. auch Regillo, geb. 1484 in Pordenone, Maler aus der Venetianischen Schule u. wahrscheinlich Tizians Mitschüler bei Giov. Bellini, später sein eifrigster… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pordenōne — (deutsch Portenau), Distriktshauptstadt in der ital. Provinz Udine, am Noncello und an der Eisenbahn Udine Conegliano Venedig, hat einen Dom (14. und 16. Jahrh.) und ein Rathaus (1290), beide mit Gemälden des hier gebornen Malers Giov. Ant. da… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pordenone [2] — Pordenōne, eigentlich Giovanni Antonio de Sacchis, Maler der venet. Schule, geb. 1483 zu Pordenone, gest. 1539 zu Ferrara; bes. tätig als Freskomaler …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pordenone — Pordenōne, Portenau, Stadt in der ital. Prov. Udine, am Noncello, (1901) 12.482 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pordenone [1] — Pordenone (Portenau), österr. lombard. Flecken unweit Sacile, mit 4100 E., berühmter Papierfabrik; Gefecht d. 15. April 1809 …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Pordenone [2] — Pordenone, s. Regillo …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Pordenone — Pordenone, Giovanni de Sacchis, llamado il ► Prov. del NE de Italia, en la región de Friul Venecia Julia, al pie de los Alpes; 2 273 km2 y 274 434 h. Cap., la c. homónima (49 746 h) …   Enciclopedia Universal


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