- Anthony Poshepny
Anthony Alexander Poshepny (
September 18, 1924- July 27, 2003), known as Tony Poe, was a CIA paramilitaryofficer who trained the United StatesSecret Army in Laosduring the Vietnam War.
Early life and career
Accurate accounting of Poshepny's career is complicated by government secrecy and by his tendency to embellish stories. For example, he often claimed to be a
refugeefrom Hungary, but was actually born in Long Beach, California. He joined the US Marine Corps in 1942 and fought in Iwo Jima, receiving two Purple Hearts. In 1951, he joined the CIA and worked in Koreaduring the Korean War, training refugees for sabotagemissions behind enemy lines.
After the Korean war, Poshepny joined the
Bangkok-based CIA front company Overseas Southeast Asia Supply (SEA Supply), which provided military equipment to Kuomintangforces based in Burma. In 1958, Poshepny tried unsuccessfully to arrange a military uprising against Sukarno, the president of Indonesia. From 1958 to 1960, he trained various special missions teams, including Tibetan Khambas and Hui Muslimsat Camp Hale, for operations in Chinaagainst the Communistgovernment.
The agency was impressed with Poshepny's ability to train paramilitary forces quickly and awarded him the
Intelligence Starin 1959. Two years later, he was assigned with J. Vinton Lawrenceto train Hmong hill tribes in Laos to fight North Vietnamese and Pathet Laoforces. In Laos, Poshepny gained the respect of the Hmong forces with practices that were barbaric even by agency standards. He paid Hmong fighters to bring him the ears of dead enemy soldiers, and, on at least one occasion, he mailed a bag of ears to the US embassy in Vientianeto prove his body counts. He dropped severed heads onto enemy locations twice in a grisly form of psy-ops. Although his orders were only to train forces, he also went into battle with them and was wounded several times by shrapnel.
Over several years, Poshepny grew disillusioned with the government's management of the war. He accused Laotian general
Vang Paoof using the war, and CIA assets, to enrich himself through the opium trade. The CIA extracted him from Laos in 1970 and reassigned him to a training camp in Thailand until his retirement in 1974. He received another Intelligence Star in 1975.
After the war Poshepny remained in Thailand with his Hmong wife and four children. He moved the family to California in the 1990s. Although he continued to drink heavily, he frequently appeared at Hmong veteran gatherings and helped veterans immigrate and settle in the US. He freely admitted his actions during the war to reporters and historians, saying they were a necessary response to communist aggression.
Several press stories have suggested that Poshepny was the model for Col. Walter Kurtz in the film "
Apocalypse Now", but both Poshepny and director Francis Ford Coppolahave denied the connection.
*cite journal|last=Ehrlich|first=Richard S.|title= CIA operative stood out in 'secret war' in Laos|journal=Bangkok Post|date=2003-07-08|url=http://www.geocities.com/asia_correspondent/laos0307ciaposhepnybp.html|accessdate=2007-06-10
*cite journal|last=Isaacs|first=Matt|title=Agent Provocative|journal=SF Weekly|date=1999-11-17|url=http://www.sfweekly.com/1999-11-17/news/agent-provocative/|accessdate=2007-06-10
*cite web|last=Leary|first=William L.|title=Death of a Legend|work=Air America Archive|url=http://www.air-america.org/In_Remembrance/poe.shtml|accessdate=2007-06-10
*cite book|last=Warner|first=Roger|title=Shooting at the Moon
* "Vietnam" Magazine, August 2006
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Air America (airline) — Air America was an American passenger and cargo airline covertly owned and operated by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) from 1950 to 1976. It supplied and supported covert operations in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War. Organization In… … Wikipedia
List of World War II topics (A) — # A 20 Havoc # A 25 Helldiver # A 26 Invader # A 31 Vengeance # A A line # A Bell for Adano (novel) # A Blank in the Weather Map # A Bridge Too Far (book) # A Bridge Too Far (film) # A Canterbury Tale # A Challenge to Democracy # A class… … Wikipedia
Camp Hale — Infobox nrhp | name =Camp Hale Site nrhp type = caption =Concrete ruins of the field house nearest city= Leadville, Colorado area = built =1942 architect= U.S. Army architecture= added = April 10, 1992 governing body = United States Forest… … Wikipedia
Tibetan American — Infobox Ethnic group group = poptime = 10,000 popplace = California (mainly Northern California), Colorado, Minnesota, Vermont, New Jersey, New York langs = Tibetan, English rels = Buddhism related = Tibetans, Asian Americans, South Asians,… … Wikipedia
Camp Hale — 39° 26′ 38″ N 106° 19′ 34″ W / 39.444, 106.326 … Wikipédia en Français
Vang Pao — Infobox Military Person caption= Vang Pao in 2008 name= Major General Vang Pao born=1931 died= placeofbirth=Central Xiangkhuang Province, Laos, French Indochina placeofdeath= caption= nickname= allegiance=French Indochina flagicon|USA… … Wikipedia
San José State University — Infobox University name = San José State University native name = latin name = motto = Powering Silicon Valley established = 1857 type = Public endowment = $44.2 million staff = faculty = president = Jon Whitmore students = undergrad = 21,396… … Wikipedia
J. Vinton Lawrence — J. Vinton Vint Lawrence is a former U.S. Central Intelligence Agency officer [http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/vietnam/series/pt 08.html] , [https://www.cia.gov/csi/kent csi/docs/v47i4a07p.htm] . Under the name of James Vinton , he was stationed in… … Wikipedia
Apocalypse Now — For the Pere Ubu album, see Apocalypse Now (album). For the The Mighty B! episode, see List of The Mighty B! episodes. Apocalypse Now Theatrical release poster by Bob Peak Dire … Wikipedia