5th Space Operations Squadron


5th Space Operations Squadron

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 5th Space Operations Squadron


caption= 5 SOPS emblem
dates= 1993–1995
country= United States
allegiance=
branch= United States Air Force
type= Combat Support
role= Satellite Operations
size= 35 military
command_structure=USAF Group
current_commander=
garrison= Onizuka Air Force Station
ceremonial_chief=
colonel_of_the_regiment=
nickname=
patron=
motto= Pioneers of Space
colors=
march=
mascot=
battles=
anniversaries=

The United States Air Force's 5th Space Operations Squadron (5 SOPS) was a satellite operations unit located at Onizuka AFS, California. The 5th Space Operations Squadron was a component of the 50th Operations Group, 50th Space Wing, before being deactivated in 1995. 5 SOPS was responsible for day-to-day command and control for the DSCS III satellites and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization communications satellite program. The squadron had prime launch responsibility for DSCS III, NATO IV/Skynet IV and the Inertial Upper Stage booster.

History

5th SOPS rose out of the rich history of the Air Force Satellite Control Facility. The squadron was provisionally activated as Operating Location-A, 750th Space Group, on October 1, 1992. This satellite control facility established one of the Air Force's major roles in space: satellite operations. AFSCF was later divided into the 2nd Space Test Group and the Consolidated Space Test Center on October 1, 1987 when AFSPC took over Onizuka Air Force Base, now Onizuka Air Station. OL-A encompassed the CSTC divisions of VOS, VOE, and VOD. 5th SOPS was officially activated November 22, 1993 under the 50th Operations Group and within one year, 21st SOPS absorbed the roles of the 2d Satellite Tracking Group Operations Division and the 1999th Communications Squadron Operations Division. After the 1995 Base Realignment and Closure Committee directed realignment of Onizuka AFS, 21st SOPS absorbed the roles of the 750th Space Group and all subordinate units and the 5th Space Operations Squadron.

In a three week span, in late 1993, the squadron flawlessly launched a DSCS III and a NATO IV communication satellite, supported NASA's Hubble telescope repair and activated as the 5th Space Operations Squadron. The squadron has launched the IUS in support of NASA programs including all seven TDRS and three inter-planetary spacecraft: Galileo (Jupiter), Magellan (Venus), and Ulysses (Sun).

Previous designations

* 5th Space Operations Squadron (1993-199?)

Locations

* Onizuka AFS, California (1993-199?) [http://www.onizuka.af.mil/ Onizuka AFS Home Page]

atellites operated

* Defense Satellite Communications System III (1993–1995)
* NATO III (1993–1995) [http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/au-18/au18004b.htm Force Enhancement - Air University]
* SkyNet IV (1993–1995)
* Inertial Upper Stage (1993–1995)
* Tracking and Data Relay Satellite

References

External links

* [http://www.schriever.af.mil/onizuka/history.asp Onizuka AFS Chronology]
* [http://www.schriever.af.mil/library/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=3918 21SOPS Fact Sheet]
* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/space/agency/5sops.htm Globalsecurity.org 5SOPS page]


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