Athamas


Athamas

:"Athamas" is also a genus of jumping spiders.

The king of Orchomenus in Greek mythology, Athamas (Greek: Ἀθάμας), was married first to the goddess Nephele with whom he had the twins Phrixus and Helle. He later divorced Nephele and married Ino, daughter of Cadmus. With Ino, he had two children: Learches and Melicertes. Athamas also had a brother, Salmoneus, who was the father of Tyro. [Ovid IV, 416.]

Phrixus and Helle were hated by their stepmother, Ino. Ino hatched a devious plot to get rid of the twins, roasting all the town's crop seeds so they would not grow. The local farmers, frightened of famine, asked a nearby oracle for assistance. Ino bribed the men sent to the oracle to lie and tell the others that the oracle required the sacrifice of Phrixus. Athamus reluctantly agreed. Before he was killed, though, Phrixus and Helle were rescued by a flying golden ram sent by Nephele, their natural mother. Helle fell off the ram into the Hellespont (which was named after her) and died, but Phrixus survived all the way to Colchis, where King Aeëtes took him in and treated him kindly, giving Phrixus his daughter Chalciope in marriage. In gratitude, Phrixus gave the king the golden fleece of the ram, which Aeëtes hung in a tree in his kingdom. [Ovid IV, 416.]

Later, Ino raised Dionysus, her nephew, son of her sister Semele, causing Hera's intense jealousy. In vengeance, Hera struck Athamas with insanity. Athamas went mad and slew one of his sons, Learchus; Ino, to escape the pursuit of her frenzied husband, threw herself into the sea with her son Melicertes. Both were afterwards worshipped as marine divinities, Ino as Leucothea, Melicertes as Palaemon. [Ovid IV, 416.]

Athamas, with the guilt of his son's murder upon him, was obliged to flee from Boeotia. He was ordered by the oracle to settle in a place where he should receive hospitality from wild beasts. This he found at Phthiotis in Thessaly, where he surprised some wolves eating sheep; on his approach they fled, leaving him the bones. Athamas, regarding this as the fulfilment of the oracle, settled there and married a third wife, Themisto (son: Schoeneus). The spot was afterwards called the Athamanian plain. When Athamas returned to his second wife, Ino, Themisto sought revenge by dressing her children in white clothing and Ino's in black. Ino switched their clothes without Themisto's knowledge, and she killed her own children. [Ovid IV, 416.]

According to some accounts, Athamas was succeeded on the throne by Presbon. [ [http://www.csulb.edu/~dbouvier/Entities/i798.htm Presbon] ]

References


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  • Athamas — {{Athamas}} König von Boiotien, Sohn des Aiolos (1)*, von Nephele* Vater des Phrixos* und der Helle*, von Ino** des Learchos* und Melikertes*. Als Hera* ihn mit Wahnsinn schlug, tötete Athamas den kleinen Learchos; Ino stürzte sich auf der Flucht …   Who's who in der antiken Mythologie

  • Athamas — ATHAMAS, antis, Gr. Ἀθάμας, αντος, (⇒ Tab. XXV.) 1 §. Aeltern. Sein Vater war Aeolus, der vermeynte Gott der Winde, seine Mutter aber die Enarete, des Deimachus Tochter. Apollod. lib. I. c. 7. §. 2. 2 §. Stand. Er war erst ein kleiner König in… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Athamas — par Michele Arcangelo Migliarini (1801) Dans la mythologie grecque, Athamas (en grec ancien Ἀθάμας / Athámas), fils d Éole (le fils d Hellen), est roi de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Athamas [1] — ATHĂMAS, antis, (⇒ Tab. XXV.) des vorhergehenden Athamas Enkel, obwohl nicht bekannt ist, wer dessen Vater gewesen. Er war das Haupt der Orchomenier, welche als eine Colonie nach Asien giengen, und hieselbst die Stadt Teon besetzeten. Paus. Ach.… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Athamas — Athamas,   griechisch Athạmas, griechischer Mythos: König von Böotien; mit seiner Gattin Nephele zeugte er Phrixos und Helle, mit seiner zweiten Gattin Ino Learchos und Melikertes. Von den sich widersprechenden Versionen des Mythos behandelte… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Athămas — Athămas, 1) Sohn des Äolos u. der Enarte, König des nach ihm Athamantia genannten Theils von Böotien bei Orchomenos, Vater der Helle u. des Phrixos durch Nephele, nach deren Verstoßung Vater des Learchos, Melikertes u. der Euryklea durch Ino.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Athămas — Athămas, Sohn des thessal. Königs Äolos und der Enarete, Bruder des Kretheus, Salmoneus und Sisyphos, Minyerkönig in Orchomenos. Zuerst mit der Wolkengöttin Nephele vermählt, der Mutter von Phrixos und Helle, wird er von ihr verlassen, da er sich …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Athamas — Athamas, myth., König von Athamania in Böotien, durch die Nephele Vater des Phrixus und der Helle, mach deren Verstoßung durch die Ino Vater des Learchus, Melicerthes und der Euryklea; bei einer Dürre wollte er einem Orakel folgend die Kinder der …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Athamas — Tisiphone macht Athamas und Ino wahnsinnig. Darstellung aus dem 17. Jahrhundert Athamas (griechisch Ἀθάμας) ist der König von Böotien und der Begründer der Stadt Halos in Thessalien. Er ist der Sohn des Aiolos und der Enarete. Mit seiner… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ATHAMAS — I. ATHAMAS Aeoli fil. Rex Thebarum, Nephelen uxorem duxit, ex qua Hellen et Phryxum genuit; sed Nephele insaniâ a Libero Parte concitata, cum in silvas abiislet, Athamas liberis suis Ino, Cadmi filiam, superinduxit novercam, quae eos tot apud… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale


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