Eric Sherbrooke Walker


Eric Sherbrooke Walker

Infobox Person
name = Eric Sherbrooke Walker



caption = Place replace
birth_date = 1887
birth_place = Edgbaston, United Kingdom
death_date = 13 May 1976
death_place = Majorca, Spain
other_names = James Barbican
known_for = contribution to Scouting, Treetops Hotel
occupation = military officer, Scouting inspector, hotelier
nationality = British
Major Eric George Sherbrooke Walker, MC (1887–1976) was hotelier and founder of the Outspan Hotel and Treetops Hotel in Kenya, as well as a decorated military officer. He is remembered as the host of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip when they visited Treetops in 1952, shortly before receiving news of the death of King George VI and Elizabeth's accession to the throne.

Early life

The son of Reverend George Sherbrooke Walker and his wife, Jessie Elizabeth Carter, Eric Walker was born in Edgbaston in Warwickshire in 1887 , and brought up in March, Cambridgeshire where his father was Rector. [Birth registered in the Kings Norton Registration District in the quarter ended September 1887. His parents' marriage was registered in the Cheltenham Registration District in the quarter ended September 1886.] He was educated at Oxford University. Walker was associated with the Scouting movement, and was a personal secretary to Baden-Powell, the founder of the movement. He was one of the first two Scout inspectors, overseeing all of Wales and the South of England. He was present at Baden-Powell's first Scout camp in Humshaugh in 1908, and toured Canada with sixteen Scouts in 1910 to demonstrate Scouting.cite web | first = Nicholas | last = Best | url = http://www.andrewlownie.co.uk/books/best.nicholas/treetops.shtml | title = The Man from Treetops | publisher = Andrew Lownie Literary Agency]

Walker joined the Royal Flying Corps during World War I, but was shot down and held as a prisoner of war in Germany. He is said to have made 36 attempts to escape.cite article | title = obituary | journal = The Times | location = London | date = Saturday 22 May 1976 | pages = pp. 16 and 34] Apparently, on one occasion, a German girlfriend from before the war helped him by supplying him with wire cutters provided by Baden-Powell hidden inside a piece of ham.

After War's end he was employed as a temporary Captain on the General List, fighting against the Bolsheviks with the British Military Mission in South Russia alongside the White Army in the Russian Civil War. He was awarded the Military Cross for his gallantry at Ushun in the Crimea on 8 and 10 March 1920, where he attached himself to the Police Regiment and remained with them throughout the two days' counter-attacks, during which they sustained heavy casualties. By his personal example and coolness, under heavy machine-gun fire, he was largely responsible for the decisive success gained.cite article | title = Supplement | journal = The London Gazette | date = 27 September 1920 | pages = p. 9508] In addition, he received the Order of St. Anne and the Order of St. Stanislaus from the grateful White Russian authorities.cite book | last = Prickett | first = R.J | title = Treetops: Story of A World Famous Hotel | publisher = David St John Thomas Publishers | location = Nairn, Scotland | year = 1995]

Walker returned to England after the war, and became engaged and ultimately married to Lady Bettie Feilding, the daughter of Rudolph Feilding, 9th Earl of Denbigh, on 26 July 1926.

Needing money to finance his marriage, he ran a bootlegging business, smuggling liquor into America during the Prohibition era, while his fiance Lady Bettie worked as social secretary in the British embassy in Washington DC. When Walker shot and wounded a corrupt state trooper who had tried to steal his cache of whiskey, the couple fled to Canada. Walker later wrote "The Confessions of a Rum-Runner" under the pseudonym of "James Barbican" about his life during this period.cite book | first = James | last = Barbican (pseudonym of Eric Walker) | title = Confessions Of A Rum-Runner | year = 1927 | edition = Republished in 2006 | publisher = Flat Hummock Press | id = isbn 9780977372554 ]

Life in Kenya

The couple finally emigrated to Kenya, where Walker purchased approximately 70 acres of Crown Land in Nyeri and - in 1928 - opened the Outspan Hotel, overlooking the gorge of the Chania River in the Aberdare Range (near the present day Aberdare National Park).

In 1932, he opened the adjunct Treetops Hotel as a night-viewing station for wildlife. These business ventures may well have been based on profits made during his bootlegging days in America.

He saw further military service during World War II, first enlisting in the Royal Air Force, and then going on to serve with the South African forces in Abyssinia and in the Western Desert during the North African campaign, narrowly avoiding capture at Sidi Rezegh.

He was host to Princess Elizabeth and her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh, during their February 1952 visit to Kenya. The couple had accepted an invitation to spend a night at Treetops, and arrived there on the afternoon of February 5, 1952. During the night, unknowingly, the Princess succeeded to the throne of England. Her father, King George VI, died in his sleep at Sandringham in England in the early hours of February 6, and the Princess received the news later that day, after leaving Treetops, at the Royal Lodge, Sagana.

Walker was again employed on military duties during the Mau Mau Uprising in the early 1950s. Treetops was offered as a lookout point for the King's African Rifles, but it was burned down by Mau Mau fighters on May 27, 1954. Walker built a bigger hotel at the same location in 1957, and business prospered - encouraged by public interest in the accession of Elizabeth II some years earlier. His hotel business was even featured in National Geographic Magazine, and famous celebrities like Charles Chaplin and Paul McCartney visited the hotel. Walker also wrote a book about his life in Kenya and Treetops, named "Treetops Hotel". [E. S. Walker, "Treetops Hotel", Robert Hale Publishing, London, 1962]

His former employer Lord Baden-Powell retired to the Outspan Hotel (Baden-Powell once remarked "closer to Nyeri, closer to bliss"), bought a share of Walker's hotel business to pay for his cottage (named "Paxtu" and now home to a Scouting museum) in the hotel grounds, and died there in 1941. The famous hunter Jim Corbett moved to Kenya after the Independence of India, took up residence at the Outspan, and became a resident hunter at Treetops. A house on the Walkers' farm was used during the shooting of the film version of Born Free.

An avid hunter during his younger days, Walker, like many others, became an advocate of wildlife conservation in his final years in Kenya.

He retired to live in Majorca, Spain, and died there at his home, "Cás Fidavé", on 13 May 1976.

References


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