Light Rail (MTR)


Light Rail (MTR)

Light Rail
輕鐵

A Light Rail train on route 615 to Ferry Pier

A Light Rail train on route 615 to Ferry Pier

No. of stations 68
Type Light rail
Line length 36.2 km
Districts Tuen Mun, Yuen Long
Opened 18 September 1988
Voltage DC 750 V
Track gauge 1435 mm
Continuation backward
 West Rail Line 
Station on track + Hub
Urban head station + Hub
Yuen Long
Unknown BSicon "ÜWc2" Unknown BSicon "ÜWor" Urban stop on track
Tai Tong Road
Unknown BSicon "ÜWo+l" Unknown BSicon "ÜWc4" Urban stop on track
Hong Lok Road
Station on track Urban stop on track
Fung Nin Road Long Ping
Straight track Urban stop on track
Shui Pin Wai Fare zone 5
Waterway turning from left Unknown BSicon "uHSTq" Urban track turning from right Straight track Unknown BSicon "uGRENZE"
Tin Heng
Urban station on track Urban stop on track Straight track Urban straight track
Tin Yat, Wetland Park
Urban stop on track Urban stop on track Straight track Urban straight track
Tin Fu, Tin Sau
Urban stop on track Urban stop on track Straight track Urban straight track
Chung Fu, Tin Yuet Fare zone 5A
Unknown BSicon "uGRENZE" Unknown BSicon "uGRENZE" Straight track Urban straight track
Unknown BSicon "uABZld" Unknown BSicon "uHSTq" Unknown BSicon "uABZrd" Straight track Urban straight track
Chestwood Fare zone 4
Urban stop on track Urban station on track Straight track Urban straight track
Tin Shui, Tin Wing
Urban straight track Urban stop on track Straight track Urban straight track
Ginza
Urban stop on track Urban stop on track Straight track Urban straight track
Locwood, Tin Wu
Urban straight track Urban stop on track Straight track Urban stop on track
Tin Tsz, Ping Shan
Urban stop on track
Urban station on track + Hub
Station on track + Hub
Urban stop on track
Tin Yiu, Tin Shui Wai , Tong Fong Tsuen
Waterway turning to left Urban transverse track Unknown BSicon "uABZe" Unknown BSicon "mKRZo" Unknown BSicon "uHSTq" Unknown BSicon "uABZrd"
Hang Mei Tsuen
Unknown BSicon "ÜWol" Unknown BSicon "ÜWc3" Urban stop on track
Hung Shui Kiu Fare zone 4
Unknown BSicon "ÜWc1" Unknown BSicon "ÜWo+r" Unknown BSicon "uGRENZE"
Straight track Urban stop on track
Chung Uk Tsuen Fare zone 3
Straight track Urban stop on track
Nai Wai
Straight track Urban stop on track
Lam Tei
Unknown BSicon "ÜWol" Unknown BSicon "uÜWBur"
Unknown BSicon "uÜWBu+l" Unknown BSicon "ÜWo+r"
Waterway turning from left
Urban 3-way junction with station, branch to right + Hub
Station on track + Hub
Siu Hong
Urban stop on track Urban junction to left Unknown BSicon "mKRZu" Urban track turning from right
Kei Lun
Waterway turning from left Unknown BSicon "uHSTq" Unknown BSicon "uHSTq" Unknown BSicon "uABZe" Unknown BSicon "uABZrd" Straight track Urban straight track
Kin Sang, Ching Chung
Urban station on track Urban straight track Straight track Urban straight track
Tin King
Urban stop on track Urban stop on track Straight track Urban stop on track
Leung King, Tuen Mun Hospital, Fung Tei Fare zone 3
Urban stop on track Unknown BSicon "uGRENZE" Straight track Unknown BSicon "uGRENZE"
San Wai
Unknown BSicon "uGRENZE" Urban stop on track Straight track Urban stop on track
Affluence, Prime View Fare zone 2
Unknown BSicon "uABZld" Unknown BSicon "uHSTq" Unknown BSicon "uHSTq" Unknown BSicon "uHSTq" Unknown BSicon "uABZrd" Straight track Urban straight track
Tai Hing (North), Tai Hing (South), Ngan Wai
Waterway turning to left Unknown BSicon "uHSTq" Urban track turning from right Urban stop on track Straight track Urban stop on track
Shek Pai Stop, Choy Yee Bridge, San Hui
Waterway turning from left Unknown BSicon "uHHSTl" Unknown BSicon "uABZrd" Urban straight track Straight track Urban straight track
Shan King (North)
Unknown BSicon "uSTRg" Urban stop on track Urban stop on track Straight track Urban stop on track
Ming Kum, Ho Tin, Hoh Fuk Tong
Waterway turning to left Unknown BSicon "uHHSTr" Unknown BSicon "uABZrd" Urban straight track Straight track Urban straight track
Shan King (South)
Unknown BSicon "uABZld" Unknown BSicon "uHSTq" Unknown BSicon "uABZrd" Straight track Urban stop on track
Kin On, Pui To
Waterway turning from left Urban transverse track Waterway turning to right
Urban station on track + Hub
End station + Hub
Urban straight track
Tuen Mun
Urban straight track Waterway turning to left Unknown BSicon "uABZq+lr" Waterway turning to right
Urban stop on track Urban stop on track
Tsing Wun, Town Centre
Urban straight track Waterway turning from left Unknown BSicon "uSTRr" Unknown BSicon "uABZrf"
Urban stop on track Unknown BSicon "uBHFlf" Urban stop on track
Tsing Shan Tsuen, Yau Oi, On Ting
Urban straight track Waterway turning to left Unknown BSicon "uSTRl" Unknown BSicon "uABZrf"
Fare zone 2
Unknown BSicon "uGRENZE" Unknown BSicon "uGRENZE"
Urban stop on track Urban stop on track
Lung Mun, Siu Lun Fare zone 1
Unknown BSicon "uABZld" Unknown BSicon "uKDSTr" Waterway turning from left Unknown BSicon "uHSTq" Unknown BSicon "uABZrd"
Tuen Mun Depot, Goodview Garden
Urban stop on track Urban stop on track Waterway turning to left Unknown BSicon "uKBHFr"
Light Rail Depot, Tuen Mun Swimming Pool, Sam Shing
Urban stop on track Urban stop on track
Butterfly, Siu Hei
Waterway turning to left Unknown BSicon "uHSTq" Unknown BSicon "uBHFq" Waterway turning to right
Melody Garden, Tuen Mun Ferry Pier

The MTR Light Rail, also known Light Rail Transit (LRT), is a light rail system in Hong Kong, serving the northwestern New Territories, within and between Tuen Mun District and Yuen Long District. It used to be one of four systems of the KCR network in Hong Kong.

It runs on 1435 mm track gauge (standard gauge), with direct current 750V.

The LRT should not be confused with the Hong Kong Tramways.

Contents

History

Planning and commencement

Track layout diagram of original LRT network

When Tuen Mun was developed in the 1970s, the Hong Kong government had set aside space for the laying of rail tracks. There was uncertainty however as to which company would be commissioned to build the train line. In 1982 Hong Kong Tramways showed interest in building the system and running double-decker trams on it, before finally being forced to abandon the project. Later that year, the KCRC decided to build the system. After some research, construction commenced in 1985.

By that time, Kowloon Motor Bus (KMB) had developed its own network in Tuen Mun and Yuen Long, and there were about 10 routes serving within the district internally, most of them profitable. However, the government introduced the concept of the "Light Rail Service Area" in both districts, forcing the KMB to withdraw all internal bus services in favour of the Light Rail. It also forced the KMB to impose boarding and alighting restrictions for external routes. It was decided that services between town centres and settlements would be provided solely by the Light Rail, while feeder buses operated by the KCRC would connect remote sites to the network, replacing KMB's equivalent services where applicable.

The system was completed and fully operational in September 1988. The first section was opened to the public on 14 September 1988, with free rides Tuen Mun and Yuen Long; normal, all-day service began four days later, on September 18.[1] The system consisted of two large and three small loops serving most of the public housing estates in northern Tuen Mun. Three branches: one to On Ting Estate in the southeast, one to the Tuen Mun Ferry Pier in the southwest, and another northern branch all the way into the town of Yuen Long along Castle Peak Road. It was then known as Light Rail Transit, or LRT, and is also called as the North-west Railway according to the Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation Ordinance.

The system was divided into five fare zones, the only transit system in Hong Kong to employ such zoning. The feeder buses have fares independent of these zones, but provide discounts when passengers interchange between these buses and LRT. 70 single-deck LRVs were manufactured in Melbourne and Brisbane, Australia by Comeng, and shipped to Hong Kong for the seven LRT routes in the system. Three of the routes were to Yuen Long and the others were confined to Tuen Mun.

Extensions

The system's first extension came for the southern and eastern parts of Tuen Mun. The eastern extension branches off the main line south of Siu Hong Stop and crosses the river that runs through Tuen Mun immediately with a flyover. The line then runs along Castle Peak Road to a road north of the town centre, where it climbs to another flyover and rejoins the main route. The northern end of this extension is still the only non-triangular junction in the entire system.

The southern extension mainly consists of a route linking On Ting and Ferry Pier, on the newly reclaimed land near the river mouth of Tuen Mun River, known as "Mouse Island" by locals. A short spur was also built from the extension to another terminus at Sam Shing Estate, located near Castle Peak Bay. Three LRT routes were diverted (route 505 was extended to Sam Shing), and one feeder bus route (route 559) discontinued as a result of these changes.

Tin Shui Wai was originally an area with numerous fish ponds, but was developed as a residential town in the early 1990s. With the increase of internal commuter traffic demand, an LRT spur was built north of Hung Shui Kiu Stop that opened in 1993, with four stops serving the initial housing areas of the town. The area was further developed in the next few years, and the line was extended by two stops: Chestwood and Tin Shui Wai Terminus in 1995 (Tin Shui Wai Terminus was renamed Tin Wing after the opening of West Rail Line). Two LRT routes were established, route 720 to Yau Oi and route 721 to Yuen Long.

West Rail Line

The system remained essentially unchanged until the completion of the West Rail Line in December 2003. Many changes were made, mainly around the new railway stations. The KCRC designed most railway stations in the LRT area to interchange with the new West Rail line. The idea was to encourage passengers to use the West Rail Line instead of the Light Rail for longer journeys to free up LRT vehicles for passengers making shorter journeys. For this purpose, an interchange discount system was launched with the introduction of the West Rail Line system, meaning that passengers would pay no more (and in some cases less) to travel on West Rail Line instead of the LRT for the main part of their journey. Although this most recent extension is the largest ever, no new vehicles were purchased. And although rearrangements were made, some infrequent and unreliable services resulted, causing passengers to blame the lack of vehicles and poor arrangement of new services.[2] The KCRC has since modified the inside of some vehicles to allow more standing room for passengers during peak hours. They have also several route alterations to arrange them better.

Rolling stock

Interior_mtr_lightrail1.jpg The system's vehicles consist of four different types of LRVs. All LRVs are 20.2 m. long and have 3 sliding doors fitted the left side (when facing the running direction from inside). This means that island platforms (except the triangular platform at Siu Hong Stop) cannot be used at all in the LRT system.

Phase I LRVs were built by Comeng and put in service in 1988. They are numbered 1001–1070 and accommodate 43 sitting passengers and 161 standees. The driver's cab interior and exterior design was conceived for KCRC by Design Triangle in 1986. Phase II LRVs were built by Kawasaki and entered service in 1992. They are numbered 1071-1090/1201-1210 and accommodate 26 sitting and 185 standees. Cars 1071–1090 are cab cars while 1201–1210 are cabless trailers. Phase III LRVs were built by A. Goninan and entered service in 1997. They are numbered 1091–1110 and accommodate 26 seating and 212 standees. Phase one LRVs have two wheelchair positions while both Phase two and Phase three LRVs have three positions. The newest phase IV LRV's were manufactured by A. Goninan and CSR and entered service by December 2009. They are numbered 1111–1132.

Traction systems for both Phase one and two LRVs consist of GTO thyristor chopper and DC traction motors, supplied by AEG, while drives for the Phase three and four LRVs consist of IGBT VVVF Inverters and AC traction motors provided by Mitsubishi. The maximum speed for all LRVs is 80 km/h, although the rarely reach that speed because of the many grade crossings between stops and the close proximity between stops in Tuen Mun, Yuen Long, and Tin Shui Wai.

From the outside it is difficult to differentiate between the first three types of LRVs. There are, however, distinct features that one can use to tell them apart; Phase three LRVs still retain their original electronic displays (green) while all other LRVs have had theirs replaced by new displays (orange). Phase I cars also have a wide window at the rear that can be opened in case of a emergency, while phase II cars have a door at the back. The interior of the phase three cars has a greenish look, and the doors are also green. The Phase IV LRVs have a completely different appearance in contrast to the older phase. It has a white exterior livery with olive green and purple line on the side. The shape of the front of the LRV is more streamlined than the older phases. The door opening and closing mechanism was similar to the ones from the K-class cars used in the Tseung Kwan O line and Tung Chung line. The Phase IV has 3 surveillance cameras in each vehicle. Seat belts and wheelchair positions were also available in the phase IV. On older-generation LRVs there is a poach seat but the phase IVs do not maintain this feature. The Phase IV LRV has orange electronic display. The phase I-III cars are expected to be rebuilt and repainted with a scheme similar to the Phase IV cars.

Stops and routes


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