IAI Arava

IAI Arava

infobox Aircraft
name = Arava
type = Transport
manufacturer = Israeli Aircraft Industries




caption =
designer =
first flight = 27 November 1969
introduced =
retired =
produced = 1972-1988
number built = 80+
status = Active
unit cost =
primary user = Israeli Air Force
more users = 14 other militaries
developed from =
variants with their own articles =
The Israeli Aircraft Industries Arava is a light STOL utility transport aircraft built in Israel by IAI in the late 1960s.__NOTOC__The Arava was IAI's first major aircraft design to enter production. It was intended both for the military and civil market, but the aircraft was only built in relatively small numbers. The customers were found mainly in third world countries, especially in Central- and South America as well as Swaziland and Thailand.

The design work on the Arava began in 1966, and the design objectives included STOL performance, the ability to operate from rough strips and carry 25 troops or bulky payloads. To achieve this, the Arava design was of a relatively unusual configuration. Its fuselage was barrel-like, short but wide, and the rear of the fuselage was hinged and could swing open for easy loading and unloading. Its wing span was long and the twin tails were mounted on booms that ran from the engine nacelles. The aircraft was powered by two Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A turboprops.

The Arava first flew on November 27 1969, while a second prototype flew for the first time on May 8 1971. Production ended in 1988. More than 90 aircraft were produced, including 70 for the military market. It is still in operation in some countries.

Versions

* IAI 101 - civil-transport version
* IAI 102 - civil passenger aircraft for up to 20 persons in airline-standard configuration or up to 12 passengers in VIP configuration
* IAI 102B - civil transport version
* IAI 201 - military transport version
* IAI 202 - modified, longer version with modified wings

The military version could also be equipped with a range of weapons, in order to act in anti-submarine- or gunship roles. The weapon configuration could include two machine guns in fuselage side packs (usually 0.5" Browning), plus a third gun on the rear fuselage, and two pods containing 6 x 82 mm rocket pods or torpedoes or sonar buoys on the fuselage sides.

Operators

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pecifications IAI Arava

aircraft specifications

jet or prop?=prop
plane or copter?=plane

ref=All the World's Rotorcraftcite web
url=http://avia.russian.ee/air/israel/iai_arava.html
title=IAI-101, 102, 201 Arava
last=
first=
accessdate=2007-01-14
year=
]

crew=2
capacity=

** 24 passengers "or"
** 12 VIP passengers
payload main=2,800 kg
payload alt=6172 lbs
payload more=
length main=13.0 m
length alt=42.65 ft
span main=20.9 m
span alt=68.57 ft
height main=5.2 m
height alt=17 ft
area main=45.7 m²
area alt=492 ft2
empty weight main=3,999 kg
empty weight alt=8816 lbs
loaded weight main=
loaded weight alt=
useful load main=
useful load alt=
max takeoff weight main=6,803 kg
max takeoff weight alt=14,998 lbs
engine (prop)=Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-34
type of prop=turboprops
number of props=2
power main=575 kW
power alt=771 shp
max speed main=397 km/h
max speed alt=214 kts
cruise speed main=319 km/h
cruise speed alt=172 kts
range main=1,300 km (323 km (with max payload))
range alt=702 nm
ceiling main=7,315 m
ceiling alt=23,999 ft
climb rate main=
climb rate alt=
loading main=
loading alt=
power/mass main=
power/mass alt=

ources

ee also

aircontent
related=
similar aircraft=
* de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter
* Antonov An-28
* CASA C-212
* Shorts SC.7 Skyvan
* Gotha Go 244
* Nord Noratlas

sequence=
lists=
see also=


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См. также в других словарях:

  • IAI Arava — IAI Arava …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • IAI Arava — Arava IAI Arava de la Fuerza Aérea Mexicana. Tipo Avión de transporte táctico ligero Fabricante …   Wikipedia Español

  • IAI Arava — Un Arava exposé au musée de l armée de l air israélienne de Hatzerim. Rôle Avion de transport Constructeur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • IAI Arava — Арава 202 Тип …   Википедия

  • Aravá — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para el avión de transporte militar, véase IAI Arava. Aravá o Araba (en hebreo Aravá עֲרָבָה, en árabe, Araba عربة, sabana, desierto ) es un valle situado en Asia occidental, en la región del Medio Oriente. Discurre… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Arava — can refer to: *Arava, Estonia, a village in Anija Commune, Harju County, Estonia. *Arabah, a section of the Great Rift Valley between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba in Israel. *Aravah, a willow branch, one of the Four Species used on the… …   Wikipedia

  • IAI Heron — IAI Heron …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • IAI Nescher — IAI Nescher …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • IAI 1125 — Astra …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • IAI Kfir — IAI Kfir …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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