- Thomas Davidson (palaeontologist)
name = Thomas Davidson
caption = Thomas Davidson
May 17, 1817
October 14, 1885
nationality = British
Thomas Davidson (
May 17, 1817- October 14, 1885), British palaeontologist, was born in Edinburgh.
His parents possessed considerable landed property in
Midlothian. Educated partly in the university of Edinburghand partly in France, Italyand Switzerland, and early acquiring an interest in natural history, he benefited greatly by acquaintance with foreign languages and literature, and with men of science in different countries.
He was induced in 1837, through the influence of
Leopold von Buch, to devote his special attention to the brachiopoda, and in course of time he became the highest authority on this group. The great task of his life was the "Monograph of British Fossil Brachiopoda", published by the Palaeontographical Society (1850-1886). This work, with supplements, comprises six quarto volumes with more than 200 plates drawn on stone by the author.
He also prepared an exhaustive memoir on "Recent Brachiopoda", published by the
Linnean Society. He was elected FRS in 1857. He was awarded in 1865 the Wollaston medalby the Geological Society of London, and in 1870 a Royal medal by the Royal Society; and in 1882 the degree of LL.D. was conferred upon him by the university of St Andrews.
He died at
Brightonon the 14 October 1885, bequeathing his fine collection of recent and fossil brachiopoda to the British Museum.
See biography with portrait and list of papers in "Geol. Mag." for 1871, p. 145.----
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