Valencian trinquet


Valencian trinquet

Valencian trinquet (or simply trinquet) is the court used in the Valencian Community for two different modalities of Valencian pilota: the Escala i corda and the Raspall.

Court

Trinquets are closed rooms of variable size: from 8.5-11 m wide and 45-60 m long.

The short walls are called "frontons", and the long are the "muralles", 4-6 m high. The ball may bounce at them as many times as desired. On the "frontons" there are usually seats for the spectators, these are called the "galleries". And sometimes on the "muralles", too.

There are also stairs ("escales" in Valencian) built on one of the "muralles". Spectators may seat on them as well at their own risk. The ball is played many times on them since the stairs (and bodies of the people) may cause fast and unexpected bounces.

The court is divided in two midfields, the "dau" and the "rest".

On the corner of the "dau" "frontó" and the stairs there is a square draw on the ground, it's the dau ("dice" in Valencian). That's the place where every "quinze" begins.

On the corner of the "dau" "frontó" and the other "muralla" there is another place for bold spectators, the llotgeta ("little balcony" in Valencian).

When an Escala i corda match is going to be played there is a rope ("corda" in Valencian) use as net that divides both midfields. Under that rope there is a special mark on the ground. That's the point where a special player (the "feridor") must bounce the ball before sending it to the "dau" in order to begin every "quinze".

Spectators

Spectators may seat in different places of the court. The more prudent or simply casual watchers may choose to seat on the "galleries" on the top of the walls, where the ball is not sent (in the Circuit Bancaixa league) or people is aware to.

But many people prefer to seat on the stairs, the "escala". In Escala i corda they all are restricted to seat on the "rest" midfield. It's not too dangerous but they have to keep an eye on the ball because players may send it to them in order to cause a special effect or irregular bounce. In Raspall games the stairs are not allowed places to bounce, so people may feel calmer.

Renowned trinquets

Many towns and cities have "trinquets", some of them centuries old. Eventually, the oldest account about these courts are from the XV century, in València. But few of them are known for pilota fans around the Valencian Community.

Two of them are famous:
* Pelayo trinquet, in València, where matches are held since the XIX century and a place every "pilotari" wants to win. In fact, hundreds of players have passed by, but only 5 of them were honored to have their pictures exhibited, that's the "Honor Gallery".
* "Trinquet El Zurdo", in Gandia, also called "The Raspall cathedral.

See also

* List of Valencian trinquets
* Basque trinquete

External links

* [http://www.museupilota.com/trinquet.htm Virtual trinquet, 3D views]


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