- Gulgong, New South Wales
Infobox Australian Place | type = town
name = Gulgong
state = nsw
Mid-Western Regional Council
postcode = 2852
pop = 2,021
maxtemp = 23.0
mintemp = 9.5
rainfall = 647.8
stategov = Orange
fedgov = Gwydir
dist1 = 299
dir1 = NW
dist2 = 110
dir2 = E
dist3 = 174
dir3 = N
dist4 = 30
dir4 = N
New South Wales
caption = Location of Gulgong in NSW
Gulgong is a 19th century
goldrush town in the Central-West of the Australian state of New South Wales.
The town is located about 300km (180 miles) north west of Sydney, and about 30km north of Mudgee along the Castlereagh Highway. At the time of the 2001 census it had a population of 2,021cite web
url = ?
title = ?
work = 2001 Census QuickStats
Australian Bureau of Statistics
accessdate = ] It is situated within the Mid-Western Regional Council local government area.
The name 'Gulgong' is derived from the name used by the traditional inhabitants, the
Wiradjuri, for 'deep waterhole'. Like several towns in this area, it began as a gold mining centre. However, being founded in the 1870s, it was one of the last to be dominated by 'poor man's diggings', that is by individuals without substantial capital investment.
Today much of the 19th century character of the town remains, contributing to its appeal as a tourist destination. Of especial interest is the Prince of Wales Opera House, a survivor with a rich history. [ [http://gulgong.net/OperaHouse.htm Prince of Wales Opera House, Gulgong ] ]
Another attraction of note is the "Gulgong Pioneer Museum", which has a huge collection of thematically-displayed exhibits, ranging from kitchen utensils to complete buildings that have been relocated to a 'street' on the site.
Apart from tourism and hospitality, local industries include wine production, wool, wheat growing and coal mining.
Famous Australian novelist and bush poet
Henry Lawsonlived briefly in Gulgong as a child in the early 1870s, while his father sought instant wealth as a miner. Much to the pride of the townspeople, a montage of goldrush-era Gulgong street scenes was used as a backdrop to the portrait of Lawson on the first Australian ten dollar note (which was in use from 1966 until replaced by a polymer banknote in 1993). [ [http://www.rba.gov.au/Museum/Displays/1960_1988_rba_and_reform_of_the_currency/australias_first_decimal_currency_notes.html Museum of Australian Currency Notes: Australia's First Decimal Currency Notes ] ]
Gulgong is believed to be one of the primary locations in
Thomas Alexander Browne's "Robbery under Arms". Australia's first novelist of note, Browne was police magistratein the period 1871-81. He once hosted English author Anthony Trollope, who later recorded his impressions of Australia and New Zealand (1875). [ [http://www.smh.com.au/news/New-South-Wales/Gulgong/2005/02/17/1108500193668.html Gulgong - New South Wales - Australia - Travel - smh.com.au ] ]
Jimmy Governor, on whom Thomas Kenneally based his character for "The Chant of Jimmy Blacksmith", grew up in the Gulgong district and married there in 1898.
The streets of Gulgong seem to have changed very little since the 19th century
Famous Prince of Wales Opera House to left
View from balcony above mechanics workshop
Mayne St Gulgong
Typical old commercial buildings in Gulgong
Prince of Wales Opera House
Vintage tractor, Gulgong heritage museum
Original Gulgong district smithy's house and workshop relocated to 'street' in Gulgong museum
Local inn, from the 1840s, relocated to museum 'street'
Interior of the inn
Guest bedroom, 1840s inn
Horse drawn and motor vehicles in Gulgong museum
* [http://www.gulgong.net/ About Gulgong]
* [http://www.gulgong.rfsa.org.au/ Gulgong DC Rural Fire Brigade]
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