- International Appalachian Trail
The International Appalachian Trail (IAT; French: Sentier International des Appalaches, SIA) is a
hikingtrail which runs from the northern terminus of the Appalachian Trailat Mount Katahdin, Maineto the northernmost tip of the Appalachian Mountainsat Belle Isle, Newfoundland and Labrador.
The IAT was proposed in
1994to traverse the portions of the Appalachian Mountainsin Maine, New Brunswick, and Quebecthat the Appalachian Traildid not cover. Following route selection, construction of the trail took place through the late 1990s.
The Newfoundland extension to the IAT was proposed in
2003and is still under construction. When complete, the Newfoundland extension will double the existing Maine, New Brunswick and Quebec portion of the IAT with an additional 1,200 km of trail. The official opening of the first trail section of the IAT Newfoundland was September 23, 2006.
There are currently proposals to extend the IAT in a branch from Mount Carleton, New Brunswick southeast through northern
Nova Scotiaand across Cape Breton Islandto connect with the Marine Atlanticferry to Port aux Basques, Newfoundland.
The IAT runs northeast from the northern terminus of the
Appalachian Trailat Katahdin, Maine to Mars Hill before following the US-Canada border north to Fort Fairfield, Maine, where it crosses the International Boundaryinto Perth Andover, New Brunswick. Upon crossing the border into Canada, the IAT continues up the Tobique Rivervalley to Mount Carletonbefore crossing the "Miramichi Highlands" to the Restigouche Rivervalley and along the Chic-Choc Mountainsof the Gaspé Peninsula, ending at the easternmost point in the peninsula - Cap Gaspé in Forillon National Park.
From Cap Gaspé, the IAT skips over the
Gulf of St. Lawrenceto the island of Newfoundland where the trail picks up again at Channel-Port aux Basques and follows the west coast of the island up the Great Northern Peninsula before terminating at the island's northernmost tip - Cape Bauld. From there the IAT skips over the Strait of Belle Isleto the actual northern terminus of the Appalachian chain at Belle Isle.
Scenic highlights along the route include:
* Mars Hill Mountain (Maine)
Saint John Rivervalley (New Brunswick)
* Tobique River valley (New Brunswick)
Mount Carleton(New Brunswick) - highest elevation in the province
* Restigouche River valley (New Brunswick and Quebec)
Matapédia Rivervalley (Quebec)
Cap-ChatRiver and Matane Rivervalleys, near Mt. Nicole-Albert(Quebec)
* Mt. Jacques-Cartier (Quebec), highest mountain of the
* Codroy River valley (Newfoundland)
* Anguille Mountains (Newfoundland)
* Lewis Hills (Newfoundland) - highest elevation on the island
* Humber River valley (Newfoundland)
Long Range Mountains(Newfoundland)
Baxter State Park(Maine)
Mount Carleton Provincial Park(New Brunswick)
* Parc de la Gaspésie (Quebec)
Forillon National Park(Quebec)
* Sir Richard Squires Provincial Park (Newfoundland)
* Ship's Arm Provincial Park (Newfoundland)
Gros Morne National Park(Newfoundland)
Vegetation of New England and the Maritime Provinces
*Hughes, C.J. (
September 27, 2002), " [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9407E5DD1E39F934A1575AC0A9649C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all After 2,169 Miles, What's Another 690?] ". "New York Times". 152 (52254):F1
* [http://www.internationalat.org International Appalachian Trail]
* [http://www.iatnl.ca International Appalachian Trail - Newfoundland and Labrador]
* [http://www.appalachiantrail.org Appalachian Trail Conservancy]
* [http://www.sia-iat.com Information center for the trail in Quebec]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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