Robert Hunt (scientist)


Robert Hunt (scientist)

Robert Hunt (September 6, 1807 – October 17, 1887), a scientist and antiquarian, was born at Devonport, Plymouth, in the United Kingdom.

Hunt's father, a naval officer, drowned while Robert was a youth. Robert began to study in London for the medical profession, but ill-health caused him to return to settle in Cornwall. In 1829, he published "The Mount’s Bay; a descriptive poem ... and other pieces" ["The Mount’s Bay; a descriptive poem ... and other pieces" Penzance : J. Downing & T. Matthews, 1829, 90 Octavo pages.] but received little critical or financial successODNB article by Alan Pearson, "Hunt, Robert (1807–1887)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/14203] accessed 23 Dec 2006] .

In 1840 Hunt became secretary to the Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society at Falmouth. Here he was brought into contact with Robert Were Fox, and carried on some physical and chemical investigations with him.

Hunt took up photography with great zeal, following Daguerre's discovery, developed the actinograph and introducing business processes. His "Manual of Photography" (1841, ed. 5, 1857) was the first English treatise on the subject [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=E3ICAAAAYAAJ&dq=%22robert+hunt%22+photography&printsec=frontcover&source=web&ots=rbv4tHOqK1&sig=2oEg7h1VeqO2OL0Wh006xOvhtfo#PPP2,M1 Manual of Photography: reproduced online in Googlebooks] .] . Hunt also experimented generally on the action of light, and published "Researches on Light" (1844).

In 1845 he accepted the invitation of Sir Henry de la Beche to become keeper of mining records at the Museum of Economic (afterwards Practical) Geology, and when the school of mines was established in 1851 he lectured for two years on mechanical science, and afterwards for a short time on experimental physics.

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society in 1855. [Alan Pearson, ‘Hunt, Robert (1807–1887)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/14203 accessed 23 Nov 2007] ]

In 1858 he founded, with the Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society, The Miners Association.

His principal work was the collection and editing of the "Mineral Statistics of the United Kingdom" [ [http://www.projects.ex.ac.uk/mhn/MS/intro.html Introduction to "Mineral Statistics" by the Mining History Network] ] , and this he continued to the date of his retirement (1883), when the mining record office was transferred to the Home Office.

He was elected fellow of the Royal Society in 1854. In 1884 he published a large volume on "British Mining" in which the subject was dealt with very fully from an historical as well as a practical point of view. He also edited the fifth and some later editions of Ure's "Dictionary of Arts, Mines and Manufactures". He died in London on October 17, 1887. A mineralogical museum at Redruth Mining School was established in his memory, this closed in 1950 and the minerals were transferred to the School of Metalliferous Mining now the Camborne School of Mines.

He also collected and wrote "Popular Romances of the West of England" (1865) [ [http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/eng/prwe/ "Popular Romances of the West of England" full text online of the third edition (1903)] ] , which included a record of myths and legends of old Cornwall, and proved so popular that it went through a number of editions.

References

----

----

External links

* [http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/collections-library/collections-management/collections-navigator/transform.jsp?rec=/ead-recs/nhm/uls-133412.xml Photographic and manuscript collection of Robert Hunt at the Natural History Museum]
* [http://camborne-old-cornwall-society.cornovia.org.uk/hist_accs/raspe01.html Rodolph Eric Raspe (Author of "The Travels of Baron Munchausen"), by Robert Hunt, 1885]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Robert Hunt — may refer to:*Robert Hunt (chaplain) (c. 1568 ndash; 1608), chaplain of the English expedition that founded Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607 *Robert Hunt (scientist) (1807 ndash; 1887), English scientist in mineralogy and mining *Robert H. Hunt (1839 …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Hooke — Robert Hooke: Kurator für Experimente an der Royal Society, Geometrieprofessor des Gresham College und Landvermesser der Stadt London; Uhrenbauer, Astronom, Mikroskopierer, Geologe, Physiologe, Architekt, Naturphilosoph und Englands Leonardo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Ballard — Robert Duane Ballard (born June 30, 1942 in Wichita, Kansas) is an oceanographer most noted for his work in underwater archaeology. He is most famous for the discoveries of the wrecks of the RMS Titanic in 1985, the battleship Bismarck in 1989,… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Hooke — Infobox Scientist name = Robert Hooke box width = 300px image width = 300px caption = birth date = birth date|1635|7|18 birth place = Freshwater, Isle of Wight, England death date = death date and age|1703|03|03|1635|07|18 death place = London,… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Metzenberg — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width = 300px image size = 300px caption = PAGENAME birth date = June 11, 1930 birth place = Chicago, Illinois death date = July 15, 2007 death place = Los Angeles, California residence = United States… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Goren — Det. Robert Goren Law Order character First appearance Season 1: One Last appearance …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Fox (scientist) — Charles Fox (22 December 1797 – 18 April 1878), a Quaker scientist, developed Trebah Garden, near Mawnan Smith in Cornwall. He was a member of the influential Fox family of Falmouth.[1] He was the son of Robert Were Fox the Elder and Elizabeth… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Edmonds (scientist) — Infobox Scientist name = Richard Edmonds box width = image width = caption = birth date = Birth date|1801|9|18 birth place = Penzance death date = Dda|1886|03|12|1801|09|18 death place = Plymouth residence = Cornwall citizenship = British… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Hunt Morgan — Infobox Scientist name = Thomas Hunt Morgan box width = image size =200px caption =Johns Hopkins yearbook of 1891 birth date = Birth date|1866|9|25 birth place = Lexington, Kentucky death date = Death date and age|1945|12|4|1866|9|25 death place …   Wikipedia

  • Oppenheimer, J. Robert — ▪ American physicist in full  Julius Robert Oppenheimer   born , April 22, 1904, New York, New York, U.S. died February 18, 1967, Princeton, New Jersey  American theoretical physicist and science administrator, noted as director of the Los Alamos …   Universalium