Administrative and municipal divisions of Adygea


Administrative and municipal divisions of Adygea

Infobox Administrative divisions of Russian federal subject
name = nowrap|



admin_center_type = Capital
admin_center_name = Maykop
admin_structure_date = 2007Cite Russian law
ru_entity=Государственный Совет — Хасэ Республики Адыгея
ru_type=Закон
ru_number=171
ru_date=05.05.2000
ru_title=Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Адыгея
ru_amendment_type=Закона Республики Адыгея
ru_amendment_number=247
ru_amendment_date=29.07.2004
en_entity=State Council —Khase of the Republic of Adygea
en_type=Law of the Republic of Adygea
en_number=171
en_date=May 5, 2000
en_title=On the Administrative-Territorial Organization of the Republic of Adygea
en_amendment_type=Law of the Republic of Adygea
en_amendment_number=247
en_amendment_date=July 29, 2004
]
num_adm_district-type_divs=7
num_cities_towns = 2
num_urban-type_settlements = 5
num_rural_locality_divs = 225The numbers were calculated based on the data available in the laws of the Republic of Adygea dealing with districts' composition. Sources used in calculations are listed in the composition tables for each district.]
municipal_structure_date = 2007
num_mun_districts=7
num_urban_okrugs = 2
num_urban_settlements = 5
num_rural_settlements = 46

This is a list of the administrative, territorial, and municipal divisions of the Republic of Adygea, a federal subject of Russia.

Adygea, located at the foothills of the Caucasus Mountains, is an enclave within Krasnodar Krai. It was originally established as the Cherkess (Adyghe) Autonomous Oblast within the Russian SFSR for the Adyghe (Circassian) majority that lived in the area. Today, Adyghe people account for 24.2% of Adygea's population (118,115 people), while Russians account for the majority 64.5% (288,280 people).cite web
url=http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_04_07_0.htm
title= _ru. Население отдельных национальностей по возрастным группам и полу по субъектам Российской Федерации ("Population by nationality, by age group and sex, by the federal subjects of Russia")
accessdate=2008-04-18
author= _ru. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service)
date=2004-05-21
work= _ru. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002)
publisher=Federal State Statistics Service
language=Russian
]

History

Cherkess (Adyghe) Autonomous Oblast was established within the Russian SFSR on July 27, 1922 from Krasnodar and Maykop Departments of Kuban Black Sea Oblast, and remained in jurisdiction of Kuban Black Sea Oblast.cite book
last=Азаренкова
first=А. С.
coauthors=И. Ю. Бондарь, Н. С. Вертышева
title=Основные административно-территориальные преобразования на Кубани (1793–1985 гг.)
origyear=1986
year=1986
publisher=Краснодарское книжное издательство
language=Russian
pages=394
] Within a month, on August 24, 1922, it was renamed "Adyghe (Cherkess) Autonomous Oblast", before becoming "Adyghe Autonomous Oblast" on August 3, 1928.

Initially, the autonomous oblast consisted of three okrugs: Farssky, Psekupsky, and Shirvansky, which were further subdivided into the total of 42 volosts. As the territory the autonomous oblast encompassed was wholly rural, it had no administrative center, so its government was located in nearby Krasnodar.cite web
url=http://www.jamestown.org/docs/Smirnov-14Sep06.pdf
title="Trouble on the Horizon? Ethnic unrest in Adygea"
accessdate=2008-04-18
author=Andrei Smirnov
date=2006
publisher=The Jamestown Foundation
]

On October 24, 1923, Shirvansky Okrug was dissolved and divided between Farssky and Psekupsky Okrugs, and the total number of volosts was reduced from 42 to 19. On August 5, 1924, both okrugs and all volosts were abolished, and the autonomous oblast was re-organized into five districts, which were officially recognized on September 2, 1924 along with 32 new selsoviets into which the districts were divided.

On June 2, 1924, when Kuban Black Sea Oblast was abolished, the autonomous oblast was first subordinated to South-Eastern Krai and later, on October 16, 1924—to North Caucasus Krai.

No other significant changes occurred until February 7, 1929, when the five districts were re-organized into three (Krasnogvardeysky, Psekupsky, and Shovgenovsky).

When North Caucasus Krai was split on January 10, 1934, Adyghe Autonomous Oblast became subordinate to the newly-created Azov-Black Sea Krai.

On December 28, 1934, the three districts of the autonomous oblast were once again re-organized into five (Koshekhablsky, Krasnogvardeysky, Ponezhukaysky, Shovgenovsky, and Takhtamukaysky), due to the directive to downsize the districts in Azov-Black Sea Krai.

During the 1930s, as part of the changing Soviet policy towards its ethnic territories, a decision was made to increase the proportion of ethnic Russians in the autonomous oblast. On April 10, 1936, the predominantly Russian city of Maykop, Giaginsky District, and Khansky Selsoviet of Maykopsky District became part of the autonomous oblast (the selsoviet was incorporated into Giaginsky District). At the same time, the administrative center of the autonomous oblast was moved from Krasnodar to Maykop. Tuapse, a port on the Black Sea, was considered for the role of the administrative center, but the idea was rejected as it would give the native population access to the sea.

On September 13, 1937, Azov-Black Sea Krai was split into Krasnodar Krai and Rostov Oblast, and Adyghe Autonomous Oblast became subordinated to the former. Maykopsky District was formed on February 21, 1940, to which Tulsky District of Krasnodar Krai was added on April 28, 1962.cite Russian law
ru_entity=Совет народных депутатов муниципального образования Майкопского района
ru_type
ru_number=272
ru_date=19.05.2005
ru_title=Устав муниципального образования "Майкопский район" Республики Адыгея
en_entity=Council of People's Deputies of the Municipal Formation of Maykopsky District
en_number=272
en_date=May 19, 2005
en_title=Charter of the Municipal Formation of "Maykopsky District" of the Republic of Adygea
] Since then, Adygea's external borders have remained unchanged.

On July 15, 1940 Ponezhukaysky District was renamed Teuchezhsky after the Adyghe poet Tsuga Teuchezh. On December 7, 1956, the districts of the autonomous oblast were enlarged: the territory of Shovgenovsky District was divided among Giaginsky, Koshekhablsky, and Krasnogvardeysky Districts, while Techezhsky District was merged into Takhtamukaysky District. This enlargement, however, did not prove successful, so on August 5, 1957 Takhtamukaysky District was split back into Takhtamukaysky and Teuchezhsky Districts within their old borders. At the same time, Takhtamukaysky District was renamed Oktyabrsky. Shovgenovsky District was restored in old borders on March 21, 1958.

On February 1, 1963, changes in administrative and territorial structure of the autonomous oblast led to abolishment of Koshekhablsky, Maykopsky, and Oktyabrsky Districts: Koshekhablsky District was merged into Shovgenovsky, Maykopsky District—into Giaginsky, and Oktyabrsky—into Teuchezhsky. This change, however, was reverted in 1965, when, after several changes, the autonomous oblast became divided into six districts (Giaginsky, Koshekhablsky, Krasnogvardeysky, Maykopsky, Shovgenovsky, and Teuchezhsky).

On April 25, 1983, new Oktyabrsky District was formed on part of the territory of Teuchezhsky District.

On June 28, 1991, a few months before the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the autonomous oblast declared its sovereignty and separated from Krasnodar Krai.cite Russian law
en_entity=Soviet of People's Deputies of Adyghe Autonomous Oblast
en_type=Decision
en_date=June 28, 1991
en_title=On Declaration of National Sovereignty of the Soviet Socialist Republic of Adygea
] It was subsequently recognized as the Republic of Adygea within the Russian SFSRcite Russian law
en_type=Law of the RSFSR
en_number=1535-1
en_date=July 3, 1991
en_title=On Transformation of Adyghe Autonomous Oblast into the Soviet Socialist Republic of Adygea within the RSFSR
] and retained its status of a republic within the Russian Federation after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991.

Between 2004 and 2006, an attempt was made to merge the Republic with Krasnodar Krai, but the proposal met with strong resistance from the native Adyghe population. It is still possible, however, that a referendum in Adygea and Krasnodar Krai may be held as regards future unification.

Administrative division structure

Local governments may amend internal administrative arrangements, while changes in the administrative and territorial structure of the Republic are authorized by the State Council ("Khase").

The modern administrative and territorial division of Adygea is regulated by Law #171, passed by the State Council on April 26, 2000 and subsequently amended. The Law established the administrative units described below.

Districts

A district ("raion"; _ru. район) is an administrative and a territorial unit with an administrative center (usually the district's largest settlement). Districts govern the urban and rural localities (see below) located in their territories, but not the cities/towns directly under the Republic's jurisdiction.

Inhabited localities

"Inhabited localities" ( _ru. населённые пункты) comprise "urban localities" and "rural localities".

Resize|110%|Urban localities

The different types of "urban localities" ( _ru. городские населённые пункты) are urban areas whose populations exceed the thresholds given below:

City/town

A "city/town" ( _ru. город; see notes about terminology) is a type of urban locality. Two types of cities/towns exist:

*The status of a "city/town under the Republic's jurisdiction" ( _ru. город республиканского значения) can be granted to a city/town that:::has a population exceeding fifteen thousand;::has developed industries;::may be regarded as an economic and cultural center.:Whether or not a candidate city/town qualifies as an economic and cultural center with developed industries is discussed and decided individually in each case. Inhabited localities with populations of less than fifteen thousand can be granted the status of a "town under the Republic's jurisdiction" when they can demonstrate playing an important industrial, social, cultural, or historical role and have the potential for further growth.

*The status of a "town under a district's jurisdiction" ( _ru. город районного значения) can be granted to a town that:::has a population of at least twelve thousand;::has no less than 85% of its population consisting of blue and white-collar families;::may be regarded as an industrial and cultural center.: 2007, no towns within the Republic enjoy this status.

Urban-type settlement

An "urban-type settlement" ( _ru. посёлок городского типа) is another type of urban locality. Three forms of urban-type settlements are recognized:
*"Work settlement" ( _ru. рабочий посёлок) status can be granted to an inhabited locality that:::has a population of at least three thousand;::has no less than 85% of its population consisting of blue and white-collar families;::has industrial enterprises, railroad junctions, water-control structures, facilities for processing agricultural products, educational or research establishments, or other objects of economic importance located within its territory.:In cases where the potential for further economic and social development and population growth can be demonstrated, inhabited localities with populations of less than three thousand may be granted work settlement status.
*"Suburban (dacha) settlement" ( _ru. дачный посёлок) status can be granted to an inhabited locality whose main purpose is to provide sanatory or summer recreation facilities to visiting populations. A suburban settlement is not defined by population level and retains its status even if most of its population become permanent residents. As of 2007, no urban-type settlements within the Republic enjoy this status.
*"Resort settlement" ( _ru. курортный посёлок) status can be granted to an inhabited locality that:::has a population of at least two thousand;::has no less than half its population consisting of visitors arriving for medical treatment or recreation;::is located in an area whose primary purpose is sanatory.:As of 2007, no urban-type settlements within the Republic enjoy this status.

Resize|110%|Rural localities

"Source:" lower|4px|cite journal
url=http://vestnik.adygnet.ru//files/2005.2/117/tleruhaj2_2005_2.pdf
journal=Herald of the ASU ( _ru. Вестник АГУ)
title=Types of Settlements on the Territory of Adygea ( _ru. Типы поселений на территории Адыгеи)
issue=2
id=ISBN 5-85108-126-0
accessdate=2008-06-09
author=Fatima V. Tlekhuray
date=2005
publisher=Adyghe State University
language=Russian
]

"Rural localities" ( _ru. сельские населённые пункты) are localities whose populations are mostly employed in agriculture. The different types described below each have their own histories, but all at present are regarded as equal in status.

Auls

Historically, "auls" ( _ru. аул, plural _ru. аулы) were a Circassian type of rural locality. Many of the present-day "auls" were founded during 1850 to 1925, when the Adyghe people were subject to mass deportations as a consequence of the Caucasian War of 1817–1864. These "auls" tend to be located in mountainous or otherwise difficult-to-access terrains, while most of those established after the Caucasian War are found on the plains beside the Caucasus Mountains.

As of 2007, there are forty-one "auls" in Adygea, mostly located in the western, northern and north-eastern parts of the Republic. The majority lie along the left banks of the Kuban and Laba Rivers, and along the southern shores of Krasnodar Reservoir. Each typically has a population between two and five thousand, averaging 1,620. Together they account for 18.2% of Adygea's rural localities and 31% of the rural population.

Khutors

"Khutors" ( _ru. хутор, plural _ru. хутора) are a smaller type of rural locality. Typically, those that appeared before 1900 were established by landowners, while those created during the first half of the twentieth century encompassed public land.

As of 2007, there are 102 "khutors" in Adygea, mostly found in three areas: to the north of Maykop; in the north-east, along the Laba River; and in the predominantly aul zone in the western part of the Republic. Each usually has a population of between one and five hundred, although some exceed one thousand. Together they account for 45.3% of Adygea's rural localities, but only for 15% of the rural population. In 1926, the populations in 4% of "khutors" exceeded five hundred; by 2000, this had risen to 18%.

Selos

Historically, "selos" ( _ru. село, plural _ru. сёла) were a type of Russian rural locality, consisting of a large village with a church. Most "selos" in Adygea were established in the second half of the 19th century on lands abandoned by the Circassians.

As of 2007, there are nineteen "selos" in Adygea, most commonly found between the eastern shore of Krasnodar Reservoir and the left bank of the Laba River (near its source). Each typically has a population between two and four thousand, averaging 1,600. Together they account for 8.4% of Adygea's rural localities and 15% of its rural population.

Settlements

"Settlements" ( _ru. посёлок, plural _ru. посёлки) were a type of rural locality that first appeared during the Soviet times. Most were established by migrant peasants from outside of Adygea, although some also resulted from migration within the Republic. Today, they are most common in the Belaya River valley near the foothills of the Caucasus Mountains.

As of 2007, there are fifty-one "settlements" in Adygea, accounting for 22.7% of the Republic's rural localities and for about 15% of its rural population. The population of a typical "settlement" lies between one and two thousand, averaging 750. Although in existence for less than a century, the "settlements'" combined population is now almost equal to that of the "khutors".

Stanitsas

Originally, "stanitsas" ( _ru. станица, plural _ru. станицы) were fortified Russian Cossack outposts during the Caucasian War. After 1861, the "stanitsas" also started to appear in sparsely populated areas.

During Soviet times, stanitsas, no longer being Cossack settlements, still encompassed relatively large populations. In 1926, for example, the populations of five of the sixteen stanitsas then existing exceeded five thousand. As of 2007, there are twelve "stanitsas" in Adygea, accounting for 5.3% of the Republic's rural localities, but their combined population accounts for almost a quarter of the Republic's rural population. They are fairly evenly spread across the Republic's territory.

Resize|110%|Numbers of rural localities by year

Municipal division structure

Local government is established on the whole territory of the Republic of Adygea. The units of local government are:Cite Russian law
ru_entity=Государственный Совет Республики Адыгея
ru_type=Закон
ru_number=294
ru_date=31.03.2005
ru_title=О местном самоуправлении
ru_amendment_type=Закона
ru_amendment_number=95
ru_amendment_date=06.07.2007
en_entity=State Council of the Republic of Adygea
en_type=Law
en_number=294
en_date=March 31, 2005
en_title=On Local Self-Government
en_amendment_type=Law
en_amendment_number=95
en_amendment_date=July 6, 2007
]
*municipal districts;
*municipal urban okrugs;
*municipal urban settlements;
*municipal rural settlements.

Municipal divisions are formed on the basis of existing administrative divisions. Municipal districts are formed within boundaries of administrative districts, municipal urban okrugs cover the territories subordinated to the cities/towns under Republic's jurisdiction, and municipal urban settlements cover the territories subordinated to urban-type settlements.

List of administrative and municipal divisions

Cities and towns under Republic's jurisdiction

Maykop

Maykop ( _ru. Майкоп; _ad. Мыекъуапэ) is a city located on the right bank of the Belaya River. It serves as the capital of the Republic and is mostly surrounded by Maykopsky District, although it is administratively and municipally separate from it. Its population in 2002 was recorded as 156,931.cite web
url=http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_03.htm
title= _ru. Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек ("Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000")
accessdate=2008-04-18
author= _ru. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service)
date=2004-05-21
work= _ru. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002)
publisher=Federal State Statistics Service
language=Russian
]

Municipally, Maykop is incorporated as the municipal urban okrug of the city of Maykop ( _ru. городской округ "Город Майкоп"), which covers the territory of the city of Maykop, as well as the territories of eight rural localities in its jurisdiction.Cite Russian law
ru_entity=Государственный Совет Республики Адыгея
ru_type=Закон
ru_number=223
ru_date=24.05.2004
ru_title=О муниципальном образовании "город Майкоп", наделении его статусом городского округа и установлении его границ
ru_amendment_type=Закона
ru_amendment_number=113
ru_amendment_date=24.07.2007
en_entity=State Council of the Republic of Adygea
en_type=Law
en_number=223
en_date=May 24, 2004
en_title=On Municipal Formation of "the City of Maykop", on Its Endowment with the Status of a Municipal Urban Okrug, and on Establishment of Its Borders
en_amendment_type=Law
en_amendment_number=113
en_amendment_date=July 24, 2007
]

Adygeysk

Adygeysk ( _ru. Адыгейск; _ad. Адыгэкъалэ) is a town located near Krasnodar Reservoir. It is surrounded by Teuchezhsky District, although it is administratively and municipally separate from it. Its population in 2002 was recorded as 12,209.

Municipally, Adygeysk is incorporated as the municipal urban okrug of the town of Adygeysk ( _ru. городской округ "Город Адыгейск"), which covers the territory of the town of Adygeysk, as well as the territories of two rural localities in its jurisdiction.Cite Russian law
ru_entity=Государственный Совет Республики Адыгея
ru_type=Закон
ru_number=270
ru_date=01.12.2004
ru_title=О муниципальном образовании "город Адыгейск", наделении его статусом городского округа и установлении его границ
en_entity=State Council of the Republic of Adygea
en_type=Law
en_number=270
en_date=December 1, 2004
en_title=On Municipal Formation of "the Town of Adygeysk", on Its Endowment with the Status of a Municipal Urban Okrug, and on Establishment of Its Borders
]

Districts

Giaginsky District

Giaginsky District ( _ru. Гиагинский район; _ad. Джэджэ район) lies in the central northern portion of Adygea.
*Established on December 31, 1934
*Transferred to Adyghe Autonomous Oblast on April 10, 1936
*Administrative center is Giaginskaya, a "stanitsa"
*Population: 33,458

Municipally, the district is divided into five rural settlements comprising thirty rural localities.Cite Russian law
ru_entity=Государственный Совет Республики Адыгея
ru_type=Закон
ru_number=249
ru_date=22.10.2004
ru_title=О наделении муниципального образования "Гиагинский район" статусом муниципального района, об образовании муниципальных образований в его составе и установлении их границ
en_entity=State Council of the Republic of Adygea
en_type=Law
en_number=249
en_date=October 22, 2004
en_title=On Endowment of the Municipal Formation of "Giaginsky District" with the Status of a Municipal District, on Formation of Municipal Formations Within Its Structure, and On Establishment of Their Borders
]

Koshekhablsky District

Koshekhablsky District ( _ru. Кошехабльский район; _ad. Кощхьэблэ район) lies in the eastern portion of Adygea.
*Established on December 31, 1934, abolished on February 1, 1963, re-instated on January 12, 1965
*Administrative center is Koshekhabl, an "aul"
*Population: 31,296

Municipally, the district is divided into nine rural settlements comprising twenty-four rural localities.Cite Russian law
ru_entity=Государственный Совет Республики Адыгея
ru_type=Закон
ru_number=282
ru_date=30.12.2004
ru_title=О наделении муниципального образования "Кошехабльский район" статусом муниципального района, об образовании муниципальных образований в его составе и установлении их границ
en_entity=State Council of the Republic of Adygea
en_type=Law
en_number=282
en_date=December 30, 2004
en_title=On Endowment of the Municipal Formation of "Koshekhablsky District" with the Status of a Municipal District, on Formation of Municipal Formations Within Its Structure, and On Establishment of Their Borders
]

Krasnogvardeysky District

Krasnogvardeysky District ( _ru. Красногвардейский район; _ad. Красногвардейскэ район) occupies the north-western portion of Adygea.
*Established on February 7, 1929According to the Charter of Krasnogvardeysky District (Cite Russian law
ru_entity=Совет народных депутатов муниципального образования Красногвардейского района
ru_number=266
ru_date=24.06.2005
ru_title=Устав муниципального образования "Красногвардейский район" Республики Адыгея
en_entity=Council of People's Deputies of the Municipal Formation of Krasnogvardeysky District
en_number=266
en_date=June 24, 2005
en_title=Charter of the Municipal Formation of "Krasnogvardeysky District" of the Republic of Adygea
), the district was established on September 2, 1924. However, this date corresponds to the establishment of Preobrazhensky District, which, on February 7, 1929 was merged with parts of Ponezhukaysky and Khakurinokhablsky Districts to form new Krasnogvardeysky District. Thus, Preobrazhensky District cannot be considered a direct predecessor of modern Krasnogvardeysky District.]
*Administrative center is Krasnogvardeyskoye, a selo
*Population: 31,536

Municipally, the district is divided into seven rural settlements comprising twenty-five rural localities.Cite Russian law
ru_entity=Государственный Совет Республики Адыгея
ru_type=Закон
ru_number=281
ru_date=30.12.2004
ru_title=О наделении муниципального образования "Красногвардейский район" статусом муниципального района, об образовании муниципальных образований в его составе и установлении их границ
ru_amendment_type=Закона
ru_amendment_number=322
ru_amendment_date=25.05.2005
en_entity=State Council of the Republic of Adygea
en_type=Law
en_number=281
en_date=December 30, 2004
en_title=On Endowment of the Municipal Formation of "Krasnogvardeysky District" with the Status of a Municipal District, on Formation of Municipal Formations Within Its Structure, and On Establishment of Their Borders
en_amendment_type=Law
en_amendment_number=322
en_amendment_date=May 25, 2005
]

Maykopsky District

Maykopsky District ( _ru. Майкопский район; _ad. Мыекъуапэ район) occupies the southern portion of Adygea.
*Established on February 21, 1940, abolished on February 1, 1963, re-instated on January 12, 1965According to the Charter of Maykopsky District (Cite Russian law
ru_entity=Совет народных депутатов муниципального образования Майкопского района
ru_number=272
ru_date=19.05.2005
ru_title=Устав муниципального образования "Майкопский район" Республики Адыгея
en_entity=Council of People's Deputies of the Municipal Formation of Maykopsky District
en_number=272
en_date=May 19, 2005
en_title=Charter of the Municipal Formation of "Maykopsky District" of the Republic of Adygea
), the district was established on April 28, 1962. This statement, however, is incorrect, as this date coincides with the date on which the territory of Tulsky District was merged into Maykopsky District, which already existed as of then.]
*Administrative center is Tulsky, an urban-type settlement
*Population: 58,485

Municipally, the district is divided into two urban settlements comprising two urban-type settlements (Tulsky and Kamennomostsky; with three rural localities in their jurisdictions) and into eight rural settlements comprising forty-seven rural localities. Four rural localities that have not been assigned to any municipal division as of 2007 are governed directly by the district's government.Cite Russian law
ru_entity=Государственный Совет Республики Адыгея
ru_type=Закон
ru_number=283
ru_date=30.12.2004
ru_title=О наделении муниципального образования "Майкопский район" статусом муниципального района, об образовании и наделении статусом поселений муниципальных образований в его составе и установлении их границ
ru_amendment_type=Закона
ru_amendment_number=49
ru_amendment_date=11.12.2006
en_entity=State Council of the Republic of Adygea
en_type=Law
en_number=283
en_date=December 30, 2004
en_title=On Endowment of the Municipal Formation of "Maykopsky District" with the Status of a Municipal District, on Formation and Endowement with the Status of Settlements of the Municipal Formations Within Its Structure, and On Establishment of Their Borders
en_amendment_type=Law
en_amendment_number=49
en_amendment_date=December 11, 2006
] A new aul was formed on the territory of Maykopsky District by the Law of the Republic of Adygea #23 of August 10, 2006 "On Formation and Establishing Borders of a Rural Locality on the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Maykopsky District". On September 10, 2007, the aul was officially named "Mafekhabl" by the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation #572 "On Assigning the Names to Geographical Objects and on Renaming of Geographical Objects in the Republic of Adygea, Republic of Bashkortostan, Leningrad, Smolensk, and Chelyabinsk Oblasts". The aul has not been assigned to any municipal formations as of the end of 2007.]

hovgenovsky District

Shovgenovsky District ( _ru. Шовгеновский район; _ad. Шэуджэн район) lies in the central northern portion of Adygea.
*Established on February 7, 1929, abolished on December 7, 1956, re-instated on March 21, 1958.According to the Charter of Shovgenovsky District (Cite Russian law
ru_entity=Совет народных депутатов муниципального образования Шовгеновского района
ru_number=179
ru_date=30.06.2005
ru_title=Устав муниципального образования "Шовгеновский район" Республики Адыгея
en_entity=Council of People's Deputies of the Municipal Formation of Shovgenovsky District
en_number=179
en_date=June 30, 2005
en_title=Charter of the Municipal Formation of "Shovgenovsky District" of the Republic of Adygea
), the district was established on January 12, 1965. This statement, however, coincides with the date of the change of the district's status from "rural district" to "district", and fails to recognize the fact that the district existed before this change in status took place.]
*Administrative center is Khakurinokhabl, an aul
*Population: 16,388

Municipally, the district is divided into six rural settlements comprising thirty-one rural localities.Cite Russian law
ru_entity=Государственный Совет Республики Адыгея
ru_type=Закон
ru_number=272
ru_date=01.12.2004
ru_title=О наделении муниципального образования "Шовгеновский район" статусом муниципального района, об образовании муниципальных образований в его составе и установлении их границ
ru_amendment_type=Закона
ru_amendment_number=346
ru_amendment_date=21.07.2005
en_entity=State Council of the Republic of Adygea
en_type=Law
en_number=272
en_date=December 1, 2004
en_title=On Endowment of the Municipal Formation of "Shovgenovsky District" with the Status of a Municipal District, on Formation of the Municipal Formations Within Its Structure, and on Establishment of Their Borders
en_amendment_type=Law
en_amendment_number=346
en_amendment_date=July 21, 2005
]

Takhtamukaysky District

Takhtamukaysky District ( _ru. Тахтамукайский район; _ad. Тэхъутэмыкъуай район) occupies the westernmost portion of Adygea.
*Established on September 2, 1924, abolished on February 7, 1929, re-instated on December 31, 1934, abolished for the second time on February 1, 1963, re-instated for the second time on April 25, 1983
*Administrative center is Takhtamukay, an aul
*Population: 65,674

Municipally, the divided into two urban settlements comprising two urban-type settlements (Enem and Yablonovsky; with six rural localities in their jurisdictions) and into five rural settlements comprising twenty-five rural localities.Cite Russian law
ru_entity=Государственный Совет Республики Адыгея
ru_type=Закон
ru_number=220
ru_date=14.05.2004
ru_title=О наделении муниципального образования "Тахтамукайский район" статусом муниципального района, об образовании муниципальных образований в его составе и установлении их границ
ru_amendment_type=Закона
ru_amendment_number=347
ru_amendment_date=21.07.2005
en_entity=State Council of the Republic of Adygea
en_type=Law
en_number=220
en_date=May 14, 2004
en_title=On Endowment of the Municipal Formation of "Takhtamukaysky District" with the Status of a Municipal District, on Formation of the Municipal Formations Within Its Structure, and on Establishment of Their Borders
en_amendment_type=Law
en_amendment_number=347
en_amendment_date=July 21, 2005
]

Teuchezhsky District

Teuchezhsky District ( _ru. Теучежский район; _ad. Теуцожь район) lies in the western portion of Adygea.
*Established on February 7, 1929, abolished on December 7, 1956, re-instated on August 5, 1957.According to the Charter of Teuchezhsky District (Cite Russian law
ru_entity=Совет народных депутатов муниципального образования Теучежского района
ru_number=171
ru_date=16.06.2005
ru_title=Устав муниципального образования "Теучежский район" Республики Адыгея
en_entity=Council of People's Deputies of the Municipal Formation of Teuchezhsky District
en_number=171
en_date=June 16, 2005
en_title=Charter of the Municipal Formation of "Teuchezhsky District" of the Republic of Adygea
), the district was established on September 2, 1924. This statement, however, is incorrect, as this date corresponds to the establishment of five original districts, parts of the two of which (Ponezhukaysky and Takhtamukaysky) were organized into Psekupsky District, the direct predecessor of modern Teuchezhsky District, on February 7, 1929.]
*Administrative center is Ponezhukay, an aul
*Population: 19,951

Municipally, the district is divided into one urban settlement comprising one urban-type settlement (Tlyustenkhabl; with one rural locality in its jurisdiction) and into six rural settlements comprising twenty-six rural localities.Cite Russian law
ru_entity=Государственный Совет Республики Адыгея
ru_type=Закон
ru_number=284
ru_date=30.12.2004
ru_title=О наделении муниципального образования "Теучежский район" статусом муниципального района, об образовании муниципальных образований в его составе и установлении их границ
en_entity=State Council of the Republic of Adygea
en_type=Law
en_number=284
en_date=December 30, 2004
en_title=On Endowment of the Municipal Formation of "Teuchezhsky District" with the Status of a Municipal District, on Formation of the Municipal Formations Within Its Structure, and on Establishment of Their Borders
]

References

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