- Russo-Turkish War (1710–1711)
The Russo-Turkish War of 1710–1711 was the southernmost theatre of the
Great Northern Warbetween Sweden and many of its neighbors.
The war between
Russiaand the Ottoman Empireerupted after the Russians had defeated Sweden in the Battle of Poltava. With help from the Austrian and French diplomats, the wounded Charles XII of Swedenescaped from the battlefield to the court of the Ottoman Sultan Ahmed III, whom he persuaded to declare war on Russia on November 20, 1710.
The main event of the conflict was the ill-prepared Prut Campaign of 1711, during which Russian troops under command of
Boris Sheremetevattempted to invade Moldaviawith the aid of Moldavian ruler Dimitrie Cantemirbut were defeated by the Ottoman troops under Grand Vizier Baltacı Mehmet Paşa, in a decisive battle at Stănileşti(started on July 18, 1711).
The conflict was ended on
July 21by the "Treaty of the Pruth", to the disappointment of Charles XII. The Treaty stipulated to return Azovto the Ottomans, Taganrogand several Russian fortresses were to be demolished, while the Tsar pledged to stop interfering into the affairs of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
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