António Bernardo da Costa Cabral, 1st Marquess of Tomar


António Bernardo da Costa Cabral, 1st Marquess of Tomar
António Bernardo da Costa Cabral

António Bernardo da Costa Cabral, 1st Count and 1st Marquess of Tomar (9 May 1803 — 1 September 1889) was a Portuguese 19th century statesman.

Born in Fornos de Algodres he trained as a lawyer in Coimbra and was later appointed as a judge. A liberal, he earned a mixed reputation of fear and admiration.

He was appointed Governor of Lisbon in 1836 and was a confidant of Queen Maria II of Portugal. The year he was appointed, he used force to put down radical mobs in Lisbon (the Massacre do Rossio). He restored diplomatic relations with the Vatican and re-introduced a conservative Constitutional Charter. Following an 1842 coup d'etat, he was appointed as Minister and Secretary for Royal State Affairs (the equivalent of a today's Interior minister) in 1843. In 1846 famine led to the peasant revolt Maria da Fonte in the north of Portugal, and he was removed from office. He fled to England but was restored to power in 1848. Again due to his unpopularity and the now poor economic state of Portugal he was replaced for a second time by the Duque de Saldanha in 1851.

See also

  • List of Portuguese Prime Ministers
  • Marquis of Tomar
  • Count of Tomar

References

Preceded by
Duke of Saldanha
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the Council of Ministers)

1849–1851
Succeeded by
Duke of Terceira

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