- The Metaphysical Club
The Metaphysical Club was a conversational philosophical club that future Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., psychologist William James, and polymath Charles Sanders Peirce formed in January 1872 in Cambridge, Massachusetts and dissolved in December 1872. Upon Peirce's arrival at Johns Hopkins University in 1879, he founded a new Metaphysical Club there. Despite the name, these academic philosophical discussion groups pursued critical thinking of a pragmatist and positivist nature and rejected traditional European metaphysics.  In fact, it was within these philosophical discussions that pragmatism is said to have been born.
Other members of the club included Chauncey Wright, John Fiske, Francis Ellingwood Abbot, Nicholas St. John Green, and Joseph Bangs Warner. The Metaphysical Club is never mentioned by any person within the club other than Peirce. The only other known person to have mentioned the club was Henry James, the great novelist and brother of William James.
Louis Menand's The Metaphysical Club
The Metaphysical Club is a 2002 Pulitzer-Prize-winning book by Louis Menand about Holmes, James, and Peirce. While it ventures into many different directions, covering topics in American history, notable pioneers of American higher education and philosophy, it mainly concerns the erosion of metaphysics and its eventual replacement by pragmatism as a dominant force in shaping American philosophy and its conception of ideas. The title of the book stems from the club formed by Holmes, James and Peirce. It was founded and dissolved in 1872, and has no direct connection with the New Thought movement.
The book is split up into five sections. Four of those sections are biographical sketches of Holmes, James, Peirce, and John Dewey (although Dewey was not a part of the club, he is considered one of the central American pragmatists). Within these sketches, Menand also discusses various other thinkers including Ralph Waldo Emerson, Chauncey Wright, Louis Agassiz, and others.
- ^ Menand, Louis. The Metaphysical Club: A Story of Ideas in America (2001), New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, ISBN 0-374-19963-9 (hardcover), ISBN 0-374-52849-7 (paperback) p. 226, 274.
- ^ Peirce, C. S. (1929), "The Founding of Pragmatism", The Hound and Horn: A Harvard Miscellany v. II, n. 3, April-June, pp. 282–5 (see 283–4). Reprinted as "Historical Affinities and Genesis" in Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, v. 5, paragraphs 11–13 (see 12–13), dated by the editors as circa 1906. Also see Shook, John R. (undated), "The Metaphysical Club" at the Pragmatism Cybrary.
- ^ Menand (2001), p. 201.
- ^ Haack, Susan (1997), "Vulgar Rortyism" in The New Criterion, v. 16, n. 3, November 1997. Eprint. Review of Menand's anthology Pragmatism: A Reader.
- ^ Boghossian, Paul (2001), "The Gospel of Relaxation" in The New Republic, September 2001, critical review of Menand's The Metaphysical Club. MS-Word doc Eprint.
- ^ Short, Thomas L. (2002), "Sham Scholarship" in Modern Age 44:4, Fall 2002. Critical review of Menand's The Metaphysical Club. Also criticizes Menand's grasp of history. First Things Eprint (the second review is the one by Short).
- Shook, John R. (undated), "The Metaphysical Club" at the Pragmatism Cybrary. Includes an account of the Club and individualized accounts of Chauncey Wright, Nicholas St. John Green, Charles Sanders Peirce, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., William James, and Joseph Bangs Warner, along with bibliographies, complete ones in the cases of Wright and Green.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Metaphysical Club (New Thought) — Articleissues notable = September 2008The Metaphysical Club was the one of the first New Thought organizations, [Dresser (p. 183) calls it the first permanent New Thought club . The Catholic Encyclopedia says this society, through its active… … Wikipedia
The Moral Philosopher and the Moral Life — was an essay by the philosopher William James, which he first delivered as a lecture to the Yale Philosophical Club, in 1891. It was later included in the collection, The Will to Believe and other Essays in Popular Philosophy. James essay… … Wikipedia
Metaphysical poets — John Donne, one of the most famous Metaphysical Poets. The metaphysical poets is a term coined by the poet and critic Samuel Johnson to describe a loose group of British lyric poets of the 17th century, who shared an interest in metaphysical… … Wikipedia
The Incredible String Band — Infobox musical artist Name = Incredible String Band Img capt = Background = group or band Origin = Edinburgh / Glasgow, Scotland Genre = Psychedelic folk, world music Years active = 1965 1974 1999 2006 Label = Elektra Records (1966 70) Island… … Wikipedia
The Dead Milkmen — The reunited Dead Milkmen perform in Philadelphia in 2010 Background information Origin Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA … Wikipedia
The New American Poetry 1945–1960 — Author(s) Donald Allen (editor) … Wikipedia
The Gas Heart — Written by Tristan Tzara Characters Mouth Ear Eye Nose Neck Eyebrow Date premiered 1921 … Wikipedia
The United States Of America — Die Neutralität dieses Artikels oder Abschnitts ist umstritten. Eine Begründung steht auf der Diskussionsseite. The United States of America Gründung 1967 Auflösung 1969 Genre … Deutsch Wikipedia
The United States of America (Band) — Die Neutralität dieses Artikels oder Abschnitts ist umstritten. Eine Begründung steht auf der Diskussionsseite. The United States of America Gründung 1967 Auflösung 1969 Genre … Deutsch Wikipedia
The Movement (literature) — This article is about a specific literary movement. For other literary movements, see List of literary movements. The Movement was a term coined by J. D. Scott, literary editor of The Spectator, in 1954 to describe a group of writers including… … Wikipedia