- Viborg, Denmark
official_name = Viborg
map_caption = Location in
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_type2 = Municipality
subdivision_name2 = Viborg municipality
established_title = Earliest evidence
established_date = 8th century
area_total_km2 = 1474.05
population_footnotes = [cite web
url = http://www.viborg.dk/db/Kommune.nsf/Alle/9477EDB57BEB5E58C12572E600217769?OpenDocument
title= Viborg Kommune]
population_total = 91405
population_urban = 34522
population_density_km2 = 62.0
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd = 56 | latm = 27 | latNS = N
longd = 9 | longm = 24 | longEW = E
website = http://www.viborg.dk/
Viborg IPA| [ˈʋib̥ɒːˀ] , is a town located in central
Jutland, Denmark. It is the seat of both Viborg municipalityand Region Midtjylland. Viborg is also the seat of the Western High Court, the High Court for the Jutlandpeninsula. Viborg Municipality is the largest municipality of Denmark, covering 3,3% of the total land area of Denmark. [ [http://www.viborg.dk/db/Kommune.nsf/Alle/9477EDB57BEB5E58C12572E600217769?OpenDocument Viborg Kommune statistics] ]
Viborg is one of the oldest towns in Denmark, with
Vikingsettlements dating back to the 8th century. Due to its central location, the town had great strategic importance, in political and religious matters, during the Middle Ages. A motte-and-baileytype castle was once located in the town. Viborg takes its name from a combination of two words: Wii, meaning a holy place, and berg, meaning a hill.
Viborg is famous for
Viborg Cathedral. The construction of the cathedral started in 1130 and lasted about 50 years. The building has burned to the ground and been re-built several times. Only the cryptof the original cathedral is still preserved. The newest parts of the church are from 1876. The cathedral is famous for its many paintings by Danish painter Joakim Skovgaard, which depict stories from the Bible. Next to the cathedral is the Skovgaard museum, founded in 1937. [ [http://www.skovgaardmuseet.dk/KundeAspSider/Sider.asp?AID=525&BID=2005&CID=&ASti=Skovgaard%20Museet&BSti=Museets%20historie&CSti= Museum website] ]
Protestant ReformationViborg was the home of five monasteries (one for Augustine brothers and one for Augustine sisters, a Franciscanmonastery, a Dominican monastery and a monastery for the Knights Hospitaller), about 12 parish churches, several chapels and of course the Cathedral. Today only the Cathedral and a few remains of the Franciscan monastery and the Dominican monastery are left.
Viborg has over the last
decadewon a reputation as one of Denmark's leading cities for sports. It started with the city's women's handball team (a popular sport in Denmark), which continues to be one of Europe's top-5 clubs. Subsequently, both the men's handball team and most notably the professional football team have established themselves at the top of the Danish leagues. Viborg FFhas since 1998 been a constant member in the Danish Superliga, reaching an all-time high when winning the Danish cupin 2000.
Viborg is home to a number of
educational institutions, including Viborg Katedralskole ( cathedral school). Denmark's oldest educational institutioncelebrated its 900th birthday in the year 2000. The school is believed to have been founded about 1060 - at the same time as the city became a site of a bishop. The church needed to educate boys and young men to enter into the church's service, and to that purpose it created a school. Its current monumental home was built in 1926 to accommodate a larger number of students and later the school added a dormitoryto house the many students from outer regions or islands not close to a gymnasium. Although this role is now basically obsolete, the dorm continues to be a popular solution for many students wanting to get away from home or for a small number of students from Greenland. Viborg Katedralskole is today one of four gymnasiums in Viborg.
Viborg has a twin city in each of the
Nordic countries, as well as in other world regions.
In Popular Culture
science fictionbook The Corridors of Timeby Poul Anderson, a Danish-American writer who did considerable research on Danish history, a large part of the plot takes place in 16th-century Viborg. The main protagonist - an American time-traveller from the 20th century - arrives in the city in 1535 and gets involved with the adherents of the overthrown King Christian IIand of the peasant rebel leader Skipper Clement, who face savage persecution in the city.
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