Focalization


Focalization

Focalization is a term coined by the French narrative theorist Gerard Genette. It refers to the perspective through which a narrative is presented. For example, a narrative where all information presented reflects the subjective perception of that information by a certain character is said to be internally focalized. An omniscient narrator corresponds to external focalization. A novel in which no simple rules restrict the transition between different focalizations could be said to be unfocalized, but specific relationships between basic types of focalization constitute more complex focalization strategies; for example, a novel could provide external focalization alternating with internal focalizations through three different characters, where the second character is never focalized except after the first, and three other characters are never focalized at all. The specific domain of literary theory which deals with focalization is narratology, and it concerns not only distinctions between subjective and objective focalizations but various gradations between them, such as free indirect discourse, style indirect libre, or quasi-direct discourse. Narratologists tend to have a difficult time agreeing on the exact definitions of categories in their field; hence its dynamic nature.

See also

* Volosinov
* Gerard Genette
* Jonathan Culler
* Harry Shaw
* Erich Auerbach


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Focalization — Fo cal*i*za tion, n. The act of focalizing or bringing to a focus, or the state of being focalized. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • focalization — index centralization Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • focalization — (Amer.) n. focusing , act of bringing into focus; confinement of an infection to a restricted region (also focalisation) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • focalization — noun see focalize …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • focalization — See focalize. * * * …   Universalium

  • focalization — noun a) The perspective through which a narrative is presented b) Putting into focus …   Wiktionary

  • focalization — fo·cal·iza·tion …   English syllables

  • focalization — noun 1. the confinement of an infection to a limited area • Syn: ↑focalisation • Derivationally related forms: ↑focalise (for: ↑focalisation), ↑focalize • Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • focalize — focalization, n. /foh keuh luyz /, v.t., v.i., focalized, focalizing. 1. to bring or come to a focus. 2. to localize. Also, esp. Brit., focalise. [1835 45; FOCAL + IZE] * * * …   Universalium

  • focalizations — focalization (Amer.) n. focusing , act of bringing into focus; confinement of an infection to a restricted region (also focalisation) …   English contemporary dictionary


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