:"San Tropez redirects here. For other uses, see
Saint-Tropez (disambiguation)"French commune
insee= 83119 |cp= 83990|maire=
latitude=43.273296| alt moy= 15 m|alt mini=0 m|alt maxi=113 m
Saint-Tropez (Sant Tropetz in
occitanlanguage) is a commune of the Var "département" in southern France( Occitania), located on the " French Riviera". Although it is known today for its famous and wealthy guests, its history with the iconic Brigitte Bardot, and its role in the liberation of Southern France in WW2, the village of Saint-Tropez does have a long history.
The town’s name derives from that of an early, semi-legendary
martyrnamed Saint Torpes. His legend states that he was beheadedat Pisaduring the reign of Nero, and that his body was placed in a rotten boat with a roosterand a dog. The body landed at the present-day location of the town. [http://www.nrj-saint-tropez.com/saint-tropez/st-tropez-135.html] [ [http://www.santiebeati.it/dettaglio/90607 San Torpete (Torpes, Torpè) ] ] [ [http://www.taxi-bateau.com/history.htm History of Saint-Tropez ] ]
The captain had the privilege of raising a standing army, which drove away a fleet of Spanish galleons in 1637. "Les Bravades des Espagnols" is a local religious and military celebration commemorating this victory of the Tropezian
militiaover the Spanish. [ Nicola Williams, Catherine Le Nevez, "Provence and the Cote D' Azur" (Lonely Planet, 2007), 343.]
The area was not taxed or levied by the French government during this time. However, this privilege was abrogated by King
Louis XIV, who reasserted French control over the city.
The mission of the
Japanese samurai Hasekura Tsunenaga, en route to Rome, visited Saint-Tropez in September 1615, in what is known as the first instance of Franco-Japanese relations.
The father of
Pierre André de Suffren de Saint Tropezwas "marquis de Saint-Tropez".
In the 1920s Saint-Tropez attracted international stars from the world of fashion.
World War II, on August 15, 1944, it was the central site of a beach landing in Operation Dragoon, the Allied invasion of southern France. After the war it became the French existentialists' summer retreat.
But it was in the 1950s — partly thanks to
Brigitte Bardot— that Saint-Tropez received international recognition and exposure through such films as " Le gendarme de Saint-Tropez".
Before 1914 Saint-Tropez was the main commercial port of
France. The port was widely used during the 18th century; in 1789, the port was visited by 80 ships. Saint-Tropez’s shipyardsbuilt tartanes and three-masted ships that carried 1000 to 12200 barels. The town was the site of various associated trades, including fishing, cork, wine, wood. The town had a school of hydrography.
In 1860 the
floretof the merchant marine, named "The Queen of the Angels" (a three-masted ship of 740 barrels), visited this port.
Its role as a commercial port declined, and it is now primarily a tourist spot.
One of the main
economicresources of Saint-Tropez is tourism.
Musée de l'Annonciade
The Musée de l'Annonciade (Annunciation Museum) was established within the confines of a 16th century chapel. [http://www.fodors.com/world/europe/france/cote%20d'azur/entity_56686.html Musee de l'Annonciade Review | Cote d'Azur | Fodor's Travel Guides ] ] The museum features work by artists who painted in Saint-Tropez and its environs, beginning with
Paul Signac, but also including Bonnard, Matisse, Marquet, Dufy, Derain, Vlaminck, and Van Dongen. The museum also includes Fauvistwork, including Braque’s "L’Estaque".
Each year, in early October, a regatta is held in the bay of Saint-Tropez. This is a draw for many yachts, some up to 50 metres in length. Many tourists come to the location for this event or as a stop on their trip to
Cannes, Marseilleor Nice.
A ferry boat connection operated by
Les Bateaux Vertsconnects the town with Sainte-Maxime, across the bay.
Another option is to take the train to
Saint-Raphaël, Var, and then take a bus around the Golfe de Fréjus[http://maps.google.fr/maps?f=d&hl=fr&saddr=Saint-Raphael&daddr=Saint+Tropez&layer=&sll=43.27018,6.64099&sspn=0.004625,0.008519&ie=UTF8&z=11&ll=43.335667,6.663208&spn=0.295662,0.545197&om=1 (40km or 57 minutes)] to Saint-Tropez.
The bus (lines 100 or 104) stops in Sainte-Maxime, Saint Raphael and
Les Arcs. The bus is operated by SodeTrav. [http://www.sodetrav.fr Bus Website] . The TER train will take you to Saint Raphael or Les Arcs from Cannes.
Tropezien beaches are located along the coast in the Baie de Pampelonne also know by the residents as Grania (pronounced granny-ay), which lies south of Saint-Tropez and east of
Ramatuelle. Pampelonne offers a collection of beaches along its five kilometre shore. Each beach is around thirty metres wide with its own beach hut and private or public tanning area.
Many of the beaches offer windsurfing, sailing and canoeing equipment for rent, while others offer motorized water sports, such as power boats, jet bikes and water skiing.
Some of the private beaches are
* [http://www.byblos.com/ Official site of the Hôtel Byblos of Saint-Tropez]
* [http://www.ot-saint-tropez.com/ Office of tourism of Saint-Tropez]
* [http://www.saint-tropez-web-radio.com/ St Tropez Web Radio]
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Saint Tropez — 43°16′24″N 6°38′23″E / 43.27333, 6.63972 … Wikipédia en Français
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