Silene

Silene

Taxobox
name = "Silene"



image_width = 270px
image_caption = "Silene latifolia" (White Campion)
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Caryophyllales
familia = Caryophyllaceae
genus = "Silene"
genus_authority = L.
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = About 300 species, including: "Silene acaulis" (Moss Campion) "Silene armeria" (Sweet William Catchfly) "Silene biafrae" "Silene conica" (Sand Catchfly) "Silene coronaria" (Rose Campion) "Silene dichotoma" (Forked Catchfly) "Silene diclinis" "Silene dioica" (Red Campion) "Silene fernandezii" "Silene gallica" (Small-flowered Catchfly) "Silene gazulensis" "Silene hicesiae" "Silene italica" (Italian Catchfly) "Silene laciniata" "Silene latifolia" (White Campion) "Silene linicola" (Flaxfield Catchfly) "Silene maritima" (Sea Campion) "Silene noctiflora" (Night-flowering Catchfly) "Silene nutans" (Nottingham Catchfly) "Silene otites" (Spanish Catchfly) "Silene rupestris" (Rock Campion) "Silene sennenii" "Silene sorensenis" (Sorensen's Catchfly) "Silene stellata" (Starry Campion) "Silene uniflora" (Sea Campion) "Silene villosa" "Silene virginica" (Fire Pink) "Silene viscosa" (White Sticky Catchfly) "Silene vulgaris" (Bladder Campion) "Silene wahlbergella" (Northern Catchfly)

"Silene" is a genus of flowering plants in the family Caryophyllaceae. Common names include campion (shared with the related genus "Lychnis") and catchfly.

Red Campion ("S. dioica") and White Campion ("S. latifolia") are common wildflowers throughout Europe and elsewhere. They readily hybridise to produce plants with paler pink flowers. The Moss campion is common in the high Arctic.

"Silene" species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species - see list of Lepidoptera that feed on Silene.

Silene undulata (syn. Silene capensis) is used by the Xhosa tribe in Africa as an oneirogenic agent. Reputedly, a small amount of the root bark of this species is pulverised with water to produce a white froth. This froth is then sucked off and swallowed. The user's dreams for the following several nights are said to be more vivid and memorable than usual, although no effects are felt while awake. Some ethnobotanical websites sell silene specimens as "African Dreaming Root" or "Xhosa Dream Herb" or similar.

References

*

External links

* [http://www.plosbiology.org/plosonline/?request=get-document&doi=10.1371%2Fjournal.pbio.0030028 Evolution of Sex Chromosomes: The Case of the White Campion.] PLoS Biol 3(1): e28.
* [http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/genus.pl?11156 Germplasm Resources Information Network: "Silene"]


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Silene — Silène (plante) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Silène …   Wikipédia en Français

  • silène — [ silɛn ] n. m. • 1765; de Silène, nom myth., lat. Silenus ♦ Plante herbacée (caryophyllacées), à variétés ornementales. « La soie mouchetée des silènes roses » (Zola). ● silène nom masculin (de Silène, nom mythologique) Herbe (caryophyllacée) à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • silène — 1. (si lè n ) s. m. 1°   Demi dieu, fils de Pan et d une nymphe, père nourricier et compagnon de Bacchus. Les satyres et Silène.    Les silènes, les autres compagnons de Bacchus.    Terme d antiquité romaine. Petite figure de marbre représentant… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Silene — Si*le ne, n. [NL., fr. L. Silenus, the attendant of Bacchus.] (Bot.) A genus of caryophyllaceous plants, usually covered with a viscid secretion by which insects are caught; catchfly. [1913 Webster] {Bon Sil[ e]ne}. See {Sil[ e]ne}, in the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Silēne — (S. L.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Caryophylleae Lychnideae, 10. Kl. 3. Ordn. L.; Arten zahlreich, bemerkenswerth: S. amoena, mit einseitigen Blüthentrauben, purpurfarbenen Kelchen, weißen Corollen, in der Tatarei; S. antirrhina, mit… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Silēne — L. (Leimkraut, Klebnelke), Gattung der Karyophyllazeen, einjährige, zweijährige oder ausdauernde Kräuter, auch Halbsträucher von sehr verschiedenem Habitus, mit gegenständigen, ungeteilten Blättern, oft lebhaft gefärbten Blüten und fester,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Silene — Silēne L., Leimkraut, Klebnelke, Pflanzengattg. der Karyophyllazeen, krautartige Gewächse. In Deutschland häufig S. inflāta L. (Klatschnelke, Taubenkropf), mit blasigen Blütenkelchen; Zierpflanzen sind S. armerĭa L. (Marienröschen [Abb. 1740])… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Silene [2] — Silēne, in der griech. Mythologie die Dämonen des Fruchtbarkeit verbreitenden fließenden Wassers, gewöhnlich Begleiter des Dionysos, ursprünglich in Pferdegestalt oder mit Pferdeohren und schweifen dargestellt. Später dachte man sich den Silen… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Silene —   [zu Silen], die Pflanzengattung Leimkraut.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Silene —   Silene …   Wikipedia Español

  • Silene — ? Смолёвка Смолёвка обыкновенная (Silene vulgaris) Общий вид цветущего растения Научная классификация Царство …   Википедия


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