Broadclub Cuttlefish


Broadclub Cuttlefish

Taxobox
name = Broadclub Cuttlefish



image_caption = "S. latimanus" from Sipadan, Malaysia
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Mollusca
classis = Cephalopoda
ordo = Sepiida
familia = Sepiidae
genus = "Sepia"
subgenus = "Sepia"
species = "S. latimanus"
binomial = "Sepia latimanus"
binomial_authority = Quoy & Gaimard, 1832
synonyms =
*"Sepia rappiana"
Férussac, 1835
*"Sepia mozambica"
Rochebrune, 1884
*"Sepia hercules"
Pilsbry, 1894
*"Ponderisepia eclogaria"
Iredale, 1926
*"Sepia harmeri"
Robson, 1928

The Broadclub Cuttlefish ("Sepia latimanus") is the second largest cuttlefish species after "Sepia apama", growing to 50 cm in mantle length and 10 kg in weight. [Reid, A., P. Jereb, & C.F.E. Roper 2005. Family Sepiidae. "In:" P. Jereb & C.F.E. Roper, eds. "Cephalopods of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of species known to date. Volume 1. Chambered nautiluses and sepioids (Nautilidae, Sepiidae, Sepiolidae, Sepiadariidae, Idiosepiidae and Spirulidae)". FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 4, Vol. 1. Rome, FAO. pp. 57–152.]

"S. latimanus" is widely distributed from the Andaman Sea, east to Fiji, and south to northern Australia. It is the most common cuttlefish species on coral reefs, living at a depth of up to 30 m. [Norman, M.D. 2000. "Cephalopods: A World Guide". ConchBooks.]

It is known to prey on shrimp and prawns of the genus "Palaemon". [Boletzky S.v. & R.T. Hanlon. 1983. A Review of the Laboratory Maintenance, Rearing and Culture of Cephalopod Molluscs. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria: Proceedings of the Workshop on the Biology and Resource Potential of Cephalopods, Melbourne, Australia, 9-13 March, 1981, Roper, Clyde F.E., C.C. Lu &F.G. Hochberg, ed. 44: 147-187.]

The type specimen was collected in New Guinea and is deposited at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris. [ [http://www.mnh.si.edu/cephs/newclass.pdf Current Classification of Recent Cephalopoda] ]

ee also

*Cephalopod size

References

External links


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