1855 in the United Kingdom

1855 in the United Kingdom

Events from the year 1855 in the United Kingdom.

Incumbents

* Monarch - Victoria of the United Kingdom
* Prime Minister - George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Peelite (until 30 January), Henry Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, Liberal

Events

* 29 January - George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen resigns as Prime Minister over the management of the Crimean War.
* 5 February - Henry Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, becomes Prime Minister.
* 8 February - The Devil's Footprints, a series of mysteriously hoof-like marks, appear in the snow in Devon and continue throughout the countryside for over convert|100|mi|km.
* 11 April - the first pillar boxes installed in London.cite book|title=Penguin Pocket On This Day|publisher=Penguin Reference Library|isbn=0-141-02715-0|year=2006]
* 15 May - The Great Gold Robbery of 1855 in London.
* 15 June - Stamp duty was removed from newspapers creating mass market media in the UK.cite book |last=Palmer |first=Alan & Veronica |year=1992 |title= The Chronology of British History|publisher= Century Ltd|location=London|pages= 274-276|isbn= 0-7126-5616-2]
* 29 June - The "Daily Telegraph" begins publication.
* 16 July - Australian colonies granted self-governing status.
* 31 July - Limited Liability Act, 1855 protects investors in the event of corporate collapse.
* 3 September - Last Bartholomew Fair in London.
* 11 September - Sevastapol falls to the British troops.
* 17 November - Explorer David Livingstone discovers Victoria Falls.
* 22 December - Metropolitan Board of Works established.

Undated

* Henry Bessemer patents the Bessemer process for the production of steel.
* James Clerk Maxwell unifies electricity and magnetism into a single theory, classical electromagnetism, thereby showing that light is an electromagnetic wave.

Publications

* Serialisation of Charles Dickens' novel "Little Dorrit".
* Charles Kingsley's novel "Westward Ho!".
* William Makepeace Thackeray's novel "The Newcomes".
* Anthony Trollope's novel "The Warden".

Births

* 1 May - Marie Corelli, novelist (died 1924)

Deaths

* 3 January - Julius Charles Hare, theological writer (born 1795)
* 10 January - Mary Russell Mitford, novelist and dramartist (born 1787)
* 25 January - Dorothy Wordsworth, poet and diarist (born 1771)
* 31 March - Charlotte Brontë, author (born 1816)
* 5 May - Robert Inglis, politician (born 1786)
* 23 May - Charles Robert Malden explorer (born 1797)
* 28 June - Fitzroy Somerset, 1st Lord Raglan, commander of British forces in the Crimean War (born 1788)
* 8 or 9 July - William Edward Parry Arctic explorer (born 1790)

References

ee also


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