Petra Kelly

Petra Kelly

Petra Karin Kelly (November 29, 1947 – October 1, 1992), a politician, was instrumental in founding the German Green Party, the first Green party to rise to prominence worldwide.

Kelly was born in Günzburg, Bavaria (then American Occupation Zone, Germany) in 1947, with the name Petra Karin Lehmann. She changed her name to Kelly after her mother married her stepfather, an American Army officer. She was educated in a Roman Catholic convent in Günzburg and later attended school in Georgia and Virginia after her family relocated to the United States in 1959. She lived and studied in the United States until her return to West Germany in 1970. She retained her (West) German citizenship throughout her life.

An admirer of Martin Luther King, Jr., she campaigned for Robert F. Kennedy and Hubert Humphrey in the 1968 U.S. elections. She studied political science at the School of International Service at American University (Washington, DC), from which she graduated in 1970. She graduated from the European Institute at the University of Amsterdam in 1971.

While working at the European Commission (Brussels, Belgium, 1971–83), she participated in numerous peace and environmental campaigns in Germany and other countries.

Petra Kelly was one of the founders of "Die Grünen", the German Green Party in 1979. Between 1983 and 1990, she was a member of the Bundestag (German Parliament).

Kelly received the Right Livelihood Award (also known as the "Alternative Nobel Prize") in 1982 "...for forging and implementing a new vision uniting ecological concerns with disarmament, social justice, and human rights." [http://www.rightlivelihood.org/recip/kelly.htm]

In 1992, she was shot dead in Bonn while sleeping, probably by her partner, ex-general and Green politician Gert Bastian (born 1923), who then killed himself. Kelly's friends believe her death was totally unexpected and occurred without her consent. She was 44; he was 69. [http://www.motherjones.com/news/outfront/1993/01/hertsgaard.html] [http://peopleinaction.com/board/2/689.html] Her body was discovered on 19 October, and it was determined she had died on 1 October. [http://www.globalnonviolence.org/docs/nonviolencespeaks/chapter12.pdf] Petra Kelly was buried in the Waldfriedhof in Würzburg, near the village of Heidingsfeld in Lower Franconia, Bavaria.

With the goal of furthering Petra Kelly's ideas and political message, the Petra Kelly Foundation was founded in 1997 as part of the Heinrich Böll Foundation. Since 1998, the foundation has presented the Petra Kelly Prize for Human Rights, Ecology, and Nonviolence. The city of Barcelona has established the Jardi Petra Kelly on Montjuïc.

In the words of her friend, the Dalai Lama: "Petra Kelly was a committed and dedicated person with compassionate concern for the oppressed, the weak, and the persecuted in our time. Her spirit and legacy of human solidarity and concern continue to inspire and encourage us all." Another of her close friends, philanthropist and Greatest Planet founder David Gilmour, wrote in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung: "EVERGREEN is the word that comes to mind when describing Petra Kelly. If not quite a daughter of the soil, she was a granddaughter of it, and her concern for our planet led her to become an environmentalist, indeed the first female environmentalist to achieve such resounding political success."

ee also

Eco-feminism

External resources

* "The Life and Death of Petra Kelly" by Sara Parkin, Rivers Oram Press/Pandora, 1995 (ISBN 0-04-440940-0)
* "Thinking Green! Essays on Environmentalism, Feminism, and Nonviolence" by Petra K. Kelly, Parallax Press, Berkeley, California, 1994 (ISBN 0-938077-62-7)
* "Nonviolence Speaks to Power" by Petra K. Kelly, [http://www.globalnonviolence.org/nv_speaks_to_power.htm online book] , almost complete text (also, out of print, published by Matsunaga Institute for Peace, University of Hawaii, 1992, ISBN 1-880309-05-X)

External links

* [http://www.boell.de/alt/en/10_preise/1544.html Curriculum Vitae with picture]
* [http://www.artfilm.ch/happinessisawarmgun.php Happiness is a Warm Gun. Film on Petra Kelly's death]
* [http://www.rightlivelihood.org/recip/kelly.htm Right Livelihood Award website]
* [http://www.boell.de/en/13_archiv/356.html Petra Kelly Archives at the Heinrich Böll Foundation]
* [http://www.boell.de/en/10_preise/1460.html Petra Kelly prize for human rights, ecology and non-violence]


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Petra Kelly — 1987 im Deutschen Bundestag Petra Karin Kelly (* 29. November 1947 als Petra Karin Lehmann in Günzburg; † vermutlich 1. Oktober 1992 in Bonn) war eine deutsche Politikerin, Friedensaktivistin und Gründungsmitglied der Partei Die Grünen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Petra Kelly — au Bundestag 1987 Petra Karin Kelly (née le 29 novembre 1947 à Günzburg, Bavière, en Allemagne et décédée le 1er octobre 1992 à Bonn), était une militante du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Petra-Kelly-Preis — Der Petra Kelly Preis wird von der Heinrich Böll Stiftung als politische Stellungnahme jedes zweite Jahr an Menschen vergeben, die sich durch herausragende Aktivitäten in einem oder mehreren der folgenden Bereiche auszeichnen: Durchsetzung bzw.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prix Petra Kelly — Le Prix Petra Kelly est decerné tous les deux ans par la Fondation Heinrich Böll à des individus ou des organisations qui se sont distingués par leur activité dans un ou plusieurs des domaines suivants : Défense des Droits de l homme.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Petra Karin Kelly — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Petra Kelly, 1987 Petra Karin Kelly (29 de noviembre, 1947 – 1 de octubre, 1992), activista por la paz de origen alemán por el Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen (Partido verde), nació en Günzburg, Baviera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Petra (given name) — Petra is a female first name. Origin and meaning As a female form of Peter, Petra originally meant the rock celebrations . Name day June 29 is the name day of Peter and of Petra. Variants * German: Peti, Petrina, Petrine, Pezi, Petzi, Pedi *… …   Wikipedia

  • Pétra (homonymie) — Petra Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Toponymes Petra est une municipalité des îles Baléares Pétra est une ancienne cité troglodytique située en Jordanie Anthroponyme Petra est un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kelly (Name) — Kelly ist ein Vor und Familienname, vor allem im englischsprachigen Raum. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Nachname Kelly ist etymologisch irischer Herkunft und ist in Irland der zweithäufigste Name (nach Murphy). Später wurde er auch zum Vornamen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kelly — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Kelly peut être : Sommaire 1 Patronymes 1.1 Kelly 1.2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Petra (disambiguation) — Places*Petra, an archeological site in Jordan. *Petra, Spain, a town on the island of Majorca *Petra, Lesbos *Petra, PieriaPeople*Petra (given name) is a female given name, a feminine version of Peter, from the Greek word meaning rock *Petra… …   Wikipedia


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