- Bois de Boulogne
The Bois de Boulogne is a park located along the western edge of the 16ème arrondissement of
Paris, near the suburb of Boulogne-Billancourt.
At night time, the area becomes one of Paris' most prominent
The northern part of the Bois is occupied by the
Jardin d'Acclimatation, a kind of amusement park with a menagerieand other attractions.
These "Boulogne Woods" are a remnant of the ancient oak forest of
Rouvray, [Its name is commemorated in the communes of Rouvray-Catillonand Rouvray-St-Denis.] which was first mentioned in 717, in the charter of Compiègne. The lands were given by Childeric IIto the powerful Abbey of Saint-Denis, which founded a number of monasteries in the woodlands. Philip Augustusbought back the main part of the forest from the monks of St Denis to create a royal hunting reserve on Crown lands. In 1256, Isabelle de France, sister of Saint-Louis, founded Longchamp. During the Hundred Years' War, the forest became the haunt of robbers; in 1416-17 troops of the Duke of Burgundy burned part of Rouvroy Forest; Under Louis XI, the estate, now called the Bois de Boulogne, was reforested and two roads were opened through it.
After François I built the
Château de Madrid(completed 1526) in the Bois de Boulogne, the woodlands became a site of festivities, though highwaymen could make the roads that led through it dangerous: the intrepid voyager Pierre Belonwas murdered by thieves in the Bois de Boulogne in 1564. [Serge Sauneron, ed. Belon, "Le Voyage en Égypte de Pierre Belon du Mans 1547", (Cairo 1970) Introduction. ] The hunting park was enclosed by walls under Henri II and Henri III, with eight gates. Henri IV planted 15000 mulberrytrees, with the hope of instigating a local silk industry. His repudiated wife Marguerite de Valoisretired to her refuge in the Château de la Muette, in the Bois. In November 1783, from the grounds of the Château de la Muette, Pilâtre de Rozierand the Marquis d'Arlandesmade the first successful manned flight in a hot-air balloon built by the Montgolfierbrothers.In the Bois the Comte d'Artois, Louis XVI's brother,built the Château de Bagatelle. The site was made into a park by Napoleon IIIin 1852, and, financed by selling building lots along the north end of the Bois, in Neuilly, [J. M. Chapman and Brian Chapman , "The Life and Times of Baron Haussmann: Paris in the Second Empire" (Weidenfeld & Nicholson) 1957:89.] it was landscaped under the direction of the Baron Haussmann; in the following years it was informally landscaped with open lawns and woodlands of hornbeam, beech, linden, cedar, chestnutand elmtrees and hardy exotic species, like redwoods. Some aspects of the transformations were clearly the result of Louis Napoléon's exile in London: '"we must have a stream here, as in Hyde Park," he observed while driving through the Bois, "to give life to this arid promenade". [Charles Merruau, "Souvenirs dde l'Hôtel de Ville de Paris, 1848-1852" (Paris 1875:37), quoted in David H. Pinkney, 'Napoleon III's Transformation of Paris: The Origins and Development of the Idea" "The Journal of Modern History" 27.2 (June 1955:125-134) p 126. ] All the formal " allées," with the exceptions of the Allée Reine Marguerite and the Avenue Longchamp were made serpentine: there are thirty-five kilometres of footpaths, eight kilometres of cycle paths and twenty-nine kilometres of riding tracks. The upper and lower lakes, connected by a waterfall, were created; the excavated earth was used to create the Butte Mortemart. Between 1855 and 1858, the Hippodrome de Longchampwas built on the plain of the same name.
The Bois de Boulogne was officially annexed by the city of Paris in 1929, and was incorporated into the 16ème arrondissement. (Like the
Bois de Vincennes, it is however generally not counted as part of Paris proper, since it only consists of public land with no population except for custodians.)
Château de Bagatelle
Bois de Vincennes
* Bois de Boulogne: city in mountain region of Lebanon (Arabic: Ghābat Būlūnyā), 33 km from Beirut
* [http://www.oecd.org/document/63/0,2340,en_2649_201185_1956607_1_1_1_1,00.html Michael Oborne, "History of the Château de la Muette"] in the Bois de Boulogne
* [http://www.rosarosam.com/gardens/bagatelle/bagatelle_detail.html Jocelen Janon, "A Brief History of Bagatelle"] in the Bois de Boulogne
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См. также в других словарях:
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Bois de boulogne — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Boulogne. Lac supérieur Bois de Boulogne Le bois de Boulogne est situé dan … Wikipédia en Français
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Bois de Boulogne — [bwadbu lɔɲ], 850 ha großer Waldpark englischen Stils mit künstlichen Seen und Pferderennbahnen (Longchamp und Auteuil) am Westrand von Paris. … Universal-Lexikon
Bois de Boulogne — Bois′ de Boulogne′ [[t]ˈbwɑ[/t]] n. geg a park W of Paris, France … From formal English to slang
Bois de Boulogne — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Boulogne. Bois de Boulogne Lac supérieur du Bois de Boulogne … Wikipédia en Français
Bois de Boulogne — Lac Inférieur („Unterer See“) des Bois de Boulogne Der Bois de Boulogne (franz.: „Wald von Boulogne“) ist ein Wald und Park im Arrondissement XVI (Passy) im Westen von Paris, in der Nähe des Vorortes Boulogne Billancourt. Mit einer Größe von 8,46 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bois de Boulogne — geographical name park France W of Paris … New Collegiate Dictionary