- Psychological subversion
Psychological Subversion (PsychSub) is the name given by
Susan Headleyto a method of verbally manipulating people for information. It is similar in practice to so-called social engineeringand pretexting, but has a more militaryfocus to it. It was developed by Headley as an extension of knowledge she gained during hackingsessions with notorious early computer networkhackers like Kevin Mitnickand Lewis de Payne.
Headley often gave the following example [ [http://www.defcon.org/html/defcon-3/defcon-3.html DEF CON III Archives ] ] of the use of psychological subversion: Suppose the hacker needed access to a certain
classifiedmilitary computer called, say, IBAS. He would obtain the name of the base commander or other high-ranking official, gain access to the DNS network, (which is the separate military telephone network) and dial up the computer center he needed to reach, which was often in a secured facility. The person who answered the phone would usually be a low-ranking enlisted person, and the hacker would say something like, "This is LieutenantJohanson, and GeneralRobertson cannot access his IBAS account, and he'd like to know WHY?" This is all said in a very threatening tone of voice, clearly implying that if the general can't get into his account right away, heads will roll, most likely that of the hapless person who answered the phone.
The hacker has the soldier/sailor/airman/marine off guard and very defensive, wanting nothing more than to appease the irritated general ASAP. The hacker then goes silent, giving the victim ample time to stammer into the phone and build up his fear level, while listening for clues from the victim as to how best to proceed. Eventually, the hacker suggests that the tech create a temporary account for the general, or change the general's password to that of the hacker's choice.
The hacker would then have gained access to a classified military computer. It is important to note that this technique would not work any more, in no small part thanks to Headley's teaching of the military agencies about such methods during the 1980s.
While pretexting methods and so-called social engineering are based on on-the-fly adaptations during a phone call made to the victim with very little pre-planning or forethought, the practice of PsychSub is based on sound scientific principles of NLP and practical
psychology. The goal of the hacker or attacker who is using PsychSub is generally more complex and involves preparation, analysis of the situation, and careful thought about what exact words to use and the tone of voice in which to use them.
Headley's thesis entitled "The Psychological Subversion of Trusted Systems" was classified by the DOD in 1984 and so far has not seen the light of day. As a result, further information about PsychSub is generally unavailable outside of Headley's own seminars on the subject during the 1980s at
CIAtechnology and spycraft-type seminars such as Surveillance Expo.
(1) [http://www.defcon.org/html/defcon-3/defcon-3.html Headley's talk at a hacker convention in Las Vegas]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
subversion — Action designed to undermine the military, economic, psychological, or political strength or morale of a regime. See also unconventional warfare … Military dictionary
Concepts in the Wheel of Time series — This article is about the concepts and terminology in Robert Jordan s fantasy fiction series The Wheel of Time .One Power (True Source)Items of Power Angreal are items of the One Power which enable the user to draw more of the One Power than they … Wikipedia
Seanchan — In the fictional world of Robert Jordan s fantasy series The Wheel of Time, Seanchan ( /ˈʃɑː … Wikipedia
Susan Headley — (born 1959, also known as Susy Thunder or Susan Thunder) was a hacker during the late 1970s and early 1980s. A member of the so called Cyberpunks, Headley specialized in social engineering, a type of hacking which uses pretexting and… … Wikipedia
Bureau of Information and Propaganda — The Bureau of Information and Propaganda of the Headquarters of Związek Walki Zbrojnej, later of Armia Krajowa ( pl. Biuro Informacji i Propagandy (Komendy Głównej Związku Walki Zbrojnej Armii Krajowej) in short: BIP ) a conspiracy department… … Wikipedia
dirty tricks — noun underhand commercial or political behavior designed to discredit an opponent • Usage Domain: ↑plural, ↑plural form • Hypernyms: ↑behavior, ↑behaviour, ↑conduct, ↑doings * * * dirty trickery … Useful english dictionary
Unconventional warfare (United States Department of Defense doctrine) — In US doctrine, unconventional warfare (abbreviated UW) is the term for guerilla warfare conducted or supported by United States Army Special Forces (SF) and other units in the United States Special Operations Command. Guerilla warfare is one… … Wikipedia
international relations — a branch of political science dealing with the relations between nations. [1970 75] * * * Study of the relations of states with each other and with international organizations and certain subnational entities (e.g., bureaucracies and political… … Universalium
Foreign internal defense — (FID) is used by a number of Western militaries, explicitly by the United States but sharing ideas with countries including France and the United Kingdom, to describe an approach to combating actual or threatened insurgency in a foreign state… … Wikipedia
Gender — This article is about the distinction between male and female entities and concepts. For other uses, see Gender (disambiguation). Gender is a range of characteristics used to distinguish between males and females, particularly in the cases of men … Wikipedia