Rectovaginal fistula


Rectovaginal fistula
Rectovaginal fistula
Classification and external resources

Rectovaginal fistula
ICD-10 N82.3, Q52.2
ICD-9 619.1
DiseasesDB 32573
eMedicine med/2745
MeSH D012006

A rectovaginal fistula is a medical condition where there is a fistula or abnormal connection between the rectum and the vagina. [1]

Rectovaginal fistula may be extremely debilitating. If the opening between the rectum and vagina is wide it will allow both flatulence and feces to escape through the vagina, leading to fecal incontinence. There is an association with recurrent urinary and vaginal infections. This type of fistula can cause pediatricians to misdiagnose imperforate anus.

Contents

Causes

Rectovaginal fistulae are often the result of trauma during childbirth (in which case it is known as obstetric fistula) in situations where there is inadequate health care, such as in some developing countries. Rates in Eritrea are estimated as high as 350 per 100,000 vaginal births. Fistulas can also develop in women and children who are raped; women with rectovaginal fistulae are often stigmatized in third world countries, and become outcasts.[2] It is also associated with female genital mutilation.

Rectovaginal fistulae can also be a symptom of various diseases, including infection by Lymphogranuloma venereum,[3] or the unintended result of surgery, such as episiotomy or sexual reassignment surgery. They may present as a complication of vaginal surgery, including vaginal hysterectomy. They are a recognized presentation of rectal carcinoma or rarely diverticular disease of the bowel or Crohn's disease. They are seen rarely after radiotherapy treatment for cervical cancer.

See also

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • rectovaginal fistula — a fistula between the rectum and vagina. See illustration …   Medical dictionary

  • Fistula — Classification and external resources MeSH D005402 In medicine, a fistula (pl. fistulas or fistulae) is an abnormal[1] connection or passageway between two epithelium lined organs or vessels that …   Wikipedia

  • fístula rectovaginal — fístula entre el recto, de una parte, y la vagina de otra Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010 …   Diccionario médico

  • fistula — An abnormal passage from one epithelial surface to another epithelial surface. [L. a pipe, a tube] abdominal f. a fistulous passage connecting one of the abdominal viscera …   Medical dictionary

  • fistula — n.; pl. fistulae 1) an abnormal communication between two hollow organs or between a hollow organ and the exterior. Many fistulae are caused by infection or injury. For example, an anal fistula may develop after an abscess in the rectum has burst …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • rectovaginal — Relating to the rectum and the vagina. * * * rec·to·vag·i·nal vaj ən əl adj of, relating to, or connecting the rectum and the vagina <a rectovaginal fistula> <the rectovaginal septum> * * * rec·to·vag·i·nal (rek″to vajґĭ… …   Medical dictionary

  • Obstetric fistula — Classification and external resources ICD 10 N82 ICD 9 619 …   Wikipedia

  • Vesicovaginal fistula — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = 13837 ICD10 = ICD10|N|82|0|n|80 ICD9 = ICD9|619.0 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = med eMedicineTopic = 3321 MeshID = D014719Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) is a subtype of female… …   Wikipedia

  • Свищ (Fistula, Множ. Fistulae) — патологическое соединение между двумя полыми органами или между полым органом и наружной поверхностью тела. Большая часть свищей образуется в результате инфекции или травмы. Например, после разрыва абсцесса в клетчатке, окружающей прямую кишку,… …   Медицинские термины

  • СВИЩ — (fistula, множ. fistulae) патологическое соединение между двумя полыми органами или между полым органом и наружной поверхностью тела. Большая часть свищей образуется в результате инфекции или травмы. Например, после разрыва абсцесса в клетчатке,… …   Толковый словарь по медицине