- 4th Division (Imperial Japanese Army)
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 4th Infantry Division
dates= 1888 - 1945
Empire of Japan
Imperial Japanese Army
First Sino-Japanese War Russo-Japanese War Siberian Intervention
The nihongo|4th Infantry Division|歩兵第四師団|Hohei daiyon shidan was an
infantry divisionin the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call-sign was nihongo|Yodo Division|淀兵団|Yodo-heidan (from the Yodo River).
The 4th Infantry Division was formed in
OsakaCity in January 1871 as the nihongo|Osaka Garrison|大阪鎮台| Osaka chindai, one of six regional commands created in the fledgling Imperial Japanese Army. The Osaka Garrison had responsibility for central region of Honshū( Kansaidistrict), ranging from Shiga Prefectureto Hyōgo Prefecture. The six regional commands were transformed into divisions under the army reorganization of 14 May 1888.
The original headquarters for the 4th Division was
Osaka Castle. When the castle was reconstructed in 1931, a new headquarters building was erected within the castle grounds as short distance away by donations raised from the citizens of Osaka, so that the castle and its immediate surroundings could be made into a public park.
The 4th Division was used primarily as a reserve division in the
First Sino-Japanese War. During the Russo-Japanese War, led by General Ogawa Mataji, it participated in several major battles and in the occupation of Korea. It later served in the Siberian Interventionand the Shandong Incident.
10 February 1937, the 4th Division came under the command of the Kwantung Army. It was transferred to the Japanese 11th Armyon 1 July 1940. On 11 June 1941, it was transferred to the active reserve force in the Japanese home islands, but was then reassigned to the Japanese 14th Armyin March 1942. It came under the control of the Japanese 25th Armyin September 1943. Assigned to the Japanese 15th Armyin 1945, its final headquarters was in Lampang, Thailand. It was disbanded at the end of World War II.
Noted commanders in the history of the 4th Division have included
Takashima Tomonosuke, Prince Kitashirakawa Yoshihisa, Ichinohe Hyoe, Abe Nobuyuki, Terauchi Hisaichi, Prince Higashikuni Naruhikoand Tomoyuki Yamashita.
Originally the 4th Division was organized as a
square division: 4th Division
* 7th Infantry Brigade
** 8th Infantry Regiment
** 70th Infantry Regiment
* 32nd Infantry Brigade
** 37th Infantry Regiment
** 61st Infantry Regiment
* 4th Field Artillery Regiment
* 4th Cavalry Regiment
* 4th Engineer Regiment
* 4th Transport Regiment In August 1940 the
order of battleof the 4th Division was reorganized as a triangular division.
* 4th Infantry Brigade Group
** 8th Infantry Regiment (
** 37th Infantry Regiment (
** 61st Infantry Regiment (
* 4th Field Artillery Regiment
* 4th Military Police Regiment
* 4th Engineer Regiment
* 4th Transport Regiment
List of Japanese Infantry Divisions
Reference and further reading
* Madej, W. Victor. "Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945" [2 vols] Allentown, PA: 1981
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