Banaras Hindu University

Banaras Hindu University
Banaras Hindu University
Established 1916
Type Public
Chancellor Karan Singh
Vice-Chancellor Lalji Singh
Location Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
Campus Urban
Affiliations UGC, NAAC, AIU
Website [3]

Banaras Hindu University (Hindi: काशी हिन्दू विश्वविद्यालय) (commonly referred to as BHU) is a public university located in Varanasi, India and is one of the Central Universities of India. It is the largest residential university in Asia, with over 24,000 students in its campus. BHU was founded in 1916 by Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya under the Parliamentary legislation 'B.H.U. Act 1915'.[1][2][3]

The campus spread over 1350 acres (5.5 km²) was built on land donated by the Kashi Naresh, the hereditary ruler of Banaras. Apart from the main campus, the Rajiv Gandhi South Campus covering 2,760-acre (11.2 km2) is at Barkatcha near the city of Mirzapur, about 80 kilometers from Banaras.

It has 140 teaching departments and more than 55 hostels for boys and girls. The total enrollment in the university stands at just over 15000, including students from all over India and abroad. Several of its colleges, including engineering (IT-BHU), science, linguistics, journalism & mass communication, law and medicine (IMS-BHU), Faculty of Management Studies, are ranked amongst the best in India.[4] Out of these IT-BHU is set to become India's 16th IIT, IIT-BHU from the academic session 2010.[5][6] Also, the university is well known for its Department of French studies which offers degree and diploma courses. BHU is ranked as the second best university in the field of research in India after Delhi University.[7] It is also ranked as the best overall university of India on all parameters as per the India Today magazine dated 2 June 2010.[8]



Statue of Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya at the entrance of Banaras Hindu University

In 1898 Annie Besant founded the Central Hindu School in Varanasi and introduced the idea that there should be learning institutions based on ancient Hindu philosophy.[9] Malaviya supported this idea and starting in 1911 he left his legal practice and sought to organize a larger university using the Central Hindu School as a base.[citation needed] Besant proposed that the British crown found a "University of India" and in 1907 applied for a royal charter to establish such an institution.[citation needed] Malaviya sought and received the support of the Kashi Naresh and the Maharaja Sir Rameshwar Singh Bahadur to establish the university.[9] In April 1911, Besant and Malaviya met and decided to unite their forces and work for a common Hindu University at Varanasi.[10] The Government of India offered funding if Besant's Central Hindu College would become part of the new university, and Besant, Bhagwan Das, and other college trustees agreed to the merge in November 1915.[citation needed]

In February 1916 to promote the university's expansion guest speakers such as Mahatma Gandhi, Sir J.C. Bose, Dr. PC. Ray, Prof. Sam Higginbottom, Besant, Prof. C. V. Raman, delivered a series of what are now called the University Extension Lectures on Vasant Panchami. Sir Sundar Lal was appointed the first Vice-Chancellor.[citation needed] The Chancellor of the University, Maharaja Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV of Mysore who had come to preside over and address the Convocation, also performed the opening ceremony of the Engineering College Workshop buildings. Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV of Mysore presided over the first university convocation on 17 January 1919, and at this time he also announced the opening of the first college on the campus, which was the Engineering College.[citation needed]


Being a vast university and under various phases of development, Banaras Hindu University has two main types of academic subunits: Institute and Faculty.[4]


Institute of Agricultural Sciences (IAS)

Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University

The Institute of Medical Sciences is a residential, co-educational medical institute. It admits undergraduate (MBBS/BAMS/BDS) students through the BHU-PMT entrance examination held by BHU in cities of India. The B.Sc.(Nursing), B Pharma ( Ay),M Pharma ( Ay) MDS, MD/MS, DM/M.Ch, MD.(Ay)/MS(Ay)and Ph.D students are selected through national entrance tests held by BHU in Varanasi. The M.Sc. (Health Statistics) students are admitted through a common post-graduate entrance test conducted by BHU in cities of India.

Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University

Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development

Other facilities

15 Faculties[11]
  • Faculty of Arts
  • Faculty of Commerce
  • Faculty of Education
  • Faculty of Law
  • Faculty of Management Studies
  • Faculty of Performing Arts
  • Faculty of Science
  • Faculty of Engineering
  • Faculty of Agriculture
  • Faculty of Medicine
  • Faculty of Ayurveda
  • Faculty of Dental Sciences
  • Faculty of Social Sciences
  • Sanskrit Vidya Dharma Vijnan Sankaya
  • Faculty of Visual Arts
School of Biotechnology
School of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Banaras Hindu University

The School of Biotechnology is a centre of Postgraduate teaching and Research under the aegis of Faculty of Science[12] at Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi, India. It is one of the earliest centres established by Department of Biotechnology[13], Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India in year 1986. It offers M.Sc. and Ph.D. programmes in Biotechnology. Notable faculty include Arvind Mohan Kayastha.[14]

4 Advanced Research centers and four interdisciplinary schools
  • DBT-BHU Interdisciplinary School of Life Sciences advance research and education (DBT-BHU-ISLARE)[5],
  • DST Centre for Interdisciplinary Mathematical Sciences,
  • DBT Centre of Genetic Disorders,
  • DBT Centre for Food Science and Technology
  • Centre for Environmental Science and Technology-(
  • Nanoscience and Technology Center
  • Hydrogen Energy Centre
  • UGC Advanced Immunodiagnostic Training and Research Centre
  • Centre for Experimental Medicine and Surgery
  • Center for Women's Studies and Development (CWSD)
  • Center for the Study of Nepal (CNS)
  • Malviya Center for Peace Research (MCPR)
  • Center for Rural Integrated Development
  • Centre for Study of Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy (CSSEIP)
The Women's College (Mahila Mahavidyalaya) and four constituent colleges
  • D.A.V. college
  • Arya Mahila postgraduate college
  • Basanta Kanya Mahavidyalaya
  • Vasanta College,Rajghat
Affiliated Schools and College
  • Ranvir Sanskrit Vidyalaya, Kammacha
  • Central Hindu Boys and Girls school, Kammacha

Apart from specialized centers directly funded by DBT, DST,ICAR and ISRO, a large number of departments under the faculty of sciences, Engineering, Technology and Social Sciences are supported by DST-FIST (22 departments/schools), and UGC CAS/SAP/DRS (14 departments/schools).[6]


Kashi Vishwanath Temple New

Banaras Hindu University conducts national level undergraduate (UET) and postgraduate (PET) entrance tests usually during May–June for admission. Admissions are done according to merit in the entrance tests, subject to fulfilling of other eligibility requirements. Admissions to B.Tech./B.Pharm., M.Tech./M.Pharm. are done through JEE and GATE respectively. Admission to MBA and MIBA are done through IIM-CAT score. Admissions for PhD are done on the basis of either qualification of National Eligibility Test (NET) by the candidates or through the scores of CRET (common research entrance test). Admissions in IMS are done through PMT exam.

BHU attracts a number of foreign learners. Foreign students are admitted through the application submitted to the Indian mission in his/her country or by his/her country's mission in India.

Department of Library and Information Science

Department of Library and Information Science was established in 1941 and is among the oldest Library and Information Science schools in India and provides an education for librarianship in India. The department has established a national and international reputation in its field.[who?] It started as a two-month course of Librarianship which lead to a six-month certificate course in Librarianship later that year. The department initiated diploma course in Librarianship, second of its kind in India after Madras University in 1942. In 1961, the diploma course was converted to a bachelor degree course with necessary modifications in course content. The course has been discontinued from 2005 onward. Department introduced a one-year Master of Library and Information Science (MLIS) Programme in the 1965 second after University of Delhi in order to train specialist librarians for specialized libraries. From 2005 onwards the department has introduced a two-year integrated MLIS programme as per guidelines of Curriculum Development Committee (CDC) of the University Grant Commission (UGC). A Ph.D. course was initiated in the department in 1980. Nineteen doctoral dissertations so far have been successfully defended for the award of Doctor of Philosophy. The department has recently[when?] started a special course of study M.A. (Manuscriptology) which aims to provide education and training of handling manuscripts — storage, preservation, conservation, study and use.

Admission to the MLIS course is based on the merit acquired by a candidate in an entrance test conducted by B.H.U. administration annually. Applicants need a graduate degree under 10+2+3 pattern from any Indian university/institution recognized by U.G.C. with at least 50% marks in aggregate (at least 45% for SC/ST candidates). A candidate appearing at the qualifying examination and expecting to fulfill the eligibility requirements as above may also apply. Programs include masters degrees in Library and Information Science and Manuscriptology, and a PhD research program.

The Central Library

The Banaras Hindu University Library system was established from a collection donated by Prof. P.K. Telang in the memory of his father Justice Kashinath Trimbak Telang in 1917. The collection was housed in the Telang Hall of the Central Hindu College, Kamachha. In 1921 the library was moved to the Central Hall of the Arts College (now Faculty of Arts) and then in 1941 to its present building. The library was established with the donation from Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III of Baroda, on the pattern of the library British Museum in London on the suggestion of Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, the founder of university. It is also a designated 'Manuscript Conservation Centre' (MCC) under the National Mission for Manuscripts established in 2003.[15]

The library had a collection of around 60,000 volumes in 1931, through donations from various sources. The trend of donation of personal and family collection to the library continued as late as forties with the result that it has unique pieces of rarities of books and journals dating back to 18th century.

Presently the Banaras Hindu University Library System consists of Central Library at apex and 3 Institute Libraries, 8 Faculty Libraries, 25 Departmental Libraries, with a total collection of over 13 lakh volumes to serve the students, faculty members, researchers, technical staff of fourteen faculties consisting of 126 subject departments of the university.[16]

Banaras Hindu University people

As a major university, Banaras Hindu University has had many notable people associated with it from all fields.

See also


  1. ^ "History of BHU". Banaras Hindu University website. 
  2. ^ "Banaras hindu university" (PDF). Indian Academy of Sciences. 2005-07-26. Retrieved 2007-04-19. 
  3. ^ "University at Buffalo, BHU sign exchange programme". Rediff News. October 4, 2007. 
  4. ^ Raj Chengappa (2008-05-22). "India's best colleges". Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  5. ^ "Sibal clears last hurdle in BHU road to IIT". The Telegraph. September 8 , 2009. 
  6. ^ "Press Note – States identified for locating new central institutions of higher education in the 11th five year plan". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 2008-03-28. Retrieved 2008-03-29. 
  7. ^ "Microsoft Word - AMU 8TH RANK.doc" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  8. ^ [1].
  9. ^ a b Singh, Rana P.B.; Pravin S. Rana (2002). Banaras Region: A Spiritual and Cultural Guide. Varanasi: Indica Books. p. 141. ISBN 81-86569-24-3. 
  10. ^ [2] Short biography of Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya. Look under the heading Important Dates.
  11. ^ "Faculty & Institute, BHU". 2006-08-19. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  12. ^ "Home Page of Faculty of Science, BHU". 
  13. ^ "Human Resource Development, Department of Biotechnology, Gov. of India". 
  14. ^ "Lab web page of Prof. A. M. Kayastha, School of Biotechnology". 
  15. ^ Manuscript Conservation Centres National Mission for Manuscripts.
  16. ^ "History/Genesis: Central Library BHU". Retrieved 2011-08-19. 

Further reading

  • Leah Renold, A Hindu Education: Early Years Of The Banaras Hindu University (Oxford University Press).

External links

Coordinates: 25°15′52″N 82°59′42″E / 25.264413°N 82.995014°E / 25.264413; 82.995014

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