Dominique Pire


Dominique Pire
Dominique Pire
Born February 10, 1910(1910-02-10)
Dinant, Belgium
Died January 30, 1969(1969-01-30)
Leuven, Belgium
Alma mater Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas (Angelicum) (1934-1936), Catholic University of Leuven (1936-1937)
Religion Roman Catholic
Parents Georges Pire & Berthe Ravet

Dominique Pire (Georges Charles Clement Ghislain Pire) (Dinant, February 10, 1910 – Leuven, January 30, 1969) was a Belgian Dominican friar whose work helping refugees in post-World War II Europe saw him receive the Nobel Peace Prize in 1958. He was the eldest child of Georges Pire, Sr., a civic official, and Berthe (Ravet) Pire.

Georges Pire studied classics and philosophy at the Collège de Bellevue and at the age of eighteen entered the Dominican priory of La Sarte in Huy. He took his final vows on 23 September 1932, adopting the name Dominique, after the Order's founder. He then studied theology and social science at the Pontifical International Institute Angelicum in Rome, where he obtained his doctorate in theology in 1936 with a thesis entitled L’Apatheia ou insensibilité irréalisable et destructrice (Apatheia or unrealisable and destructive insensitivity).[1] He returned to the priory at La Sarte, in Huy, Belgium where he dedicated himself to helping poor families live according to their dignity. During the second world war, Pire served as chaplain to the Belgian resistance, actively participating in its activities, such as helping smuggle Allied pilots out of the country. He received several medals for this service after the war.

In 1949, he began studying issues relating to postwar refugees (Displaced Persons [DP]) and wrote a book about them, entitled Du Rhin au Danube avec 60,000 D. P.. He founded an organisation to help them. The organisation established sponsorships for refugee families, and during the 1950s built a number of villages in Austria and Germany to help house many refugees. Although a Dominican friar, Dominique Pire always refused to mix his personal faith with his commitments on behalf of social justice, a decision that was not always understood by his religious superiors.

After winning the Peace Prize, Pire also helped found a "Peace University" to raise global understanding. Later convinced that peace would not be achievable without the eradication of poverty, he founded "Islands of Peace", an NGO dedicated to the long term development of rural populations in developing countries. Projects were started in Bangladesh and India.

He died at Louvain Roman Catholic Hospital on January 30, 1969, from complications following surgery.

More than 30 years after his death, the four organizations he founded are still active. In 2008 a program was established in honour of his work at the Las Casas Institute at Blackfriars Hall, University of Oxford.[2]

Organizations founded by Dominique Pire

Footnotes

  1. ^ Servais Pinkaers, "A Dialogue and Action for Peace: Dominique Pire (1910-1969)" in Preaching Justice: Dominican Contributions to Social Ethics in the Twentieth Century, edited by Francesco Compagnoni OP and Helen Alford OP, Dublin: Dominican Publications, 2007, ISBN 1-905604-07-6, Part 1, Section B, 6, p. 137.
  2. ^ Las Casas Institute on Blackfriars Hall website

References


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  • Dominique Pire — (1958) Dominique Pire (Georges Charles Clement Ghislain Pire) (* 10. Februar 1910 in Dinant, Belgien; † 30. Januar 1969 in Löwen) war ein belgischer Dominikaner Mönch, Gründer von Hilfsorganisationen und Friedensnobelpreisträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dominique Pire — en 1958. Nombre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dominique Pire — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pire. Père Dominique Pire Le Père Dominique Pire (Georges Charles Clément Ghislain Pire), né à Leffe, près de Dinant …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Père Dominique Pire — Dominique Pire Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pire. Père Dominique Pire Le Père Dominique Pire (Georges Charles Clément Ghislain Pire), né à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pire — Dominique Pire (1958) Dominique Pire (Georges Charles Clement Ghislain Pire) (* 10. Februar 1910 in Dinant, Belgien; † 30. Januar 1969 in Löwen) war ein belgischer Dominikaner Mönch, Gründer von Hilfsorganisationen und Friedensnobelpreisträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pire — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronymes Charles Pire est un homme politique belge Dominique Pire (1910 1969), le père Pire, est un religieux dominicain belge, prix Nobel de la Paix… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pire-sur-Seiche — Piré sur Seiche Piré sur Seiche La place de l église de Piré sur Seiche Administration Pays France Région Bretagne Département …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Piré-sur-seiche — La place de l église de Piré sur Seiche Administration Pays France Région Bretagne Département …   Wikipédia en Français

  • pire — [ pir ] adj. • XIIe; lat. pejor, compar. de malus « mauvais » I ♦ (Compar. synthétique pouvant remplacer plus mauvais, quand cet adj. n est pas employé au sens de « défectueux ») Plus mauvais, plus nuisible, plus pénible. Les femmes « sont… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dominique Baettig — Mandats Conseiller national …   Wikipédia en Français


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