NRA Military Region


NRA Military Region

Military Regions (軍區), or War Areas, were 76 northern military districts and the largest formations of the National Revolutionary Army, under the National Military Council, chaired by Chiang Kai Shek during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II. During the Second Sino-Japanese War the National Revolutionary Army eventually organized itself into twelve Military Regions.

In August 1937 there were:

Region Area of Operations
1st Military Region Hebei, northern Peiking - Hankou Railway Front (in September 1937)
2nd Military Region Shanxi
3rd Military Region Shanghai
5th Military Region Tientsin - Pukow Railway Front (From Oct. 1937)
6th Military Region Tientsin - Pukow Railway Front (September - October 1937)

As the Japanese advanced, three more military regions were formed and the older ones reassigned on 17 January 1938 following the capture of Nanjing.

Region Area of Operations
1st Military Region northern Peiking - Hankou Railway Front
2nd Military Region Shanxi
3rd Military Region Jiangsu, Zhejiang
4th Military Region Guangdong, Guangxi
5th Military Region Tientsin - Pukow Railway Front
8th Military Region Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Suiyuan

Following the Battle of Xuzhou and Northern and Eastern Henan 5th Military Region defended Anhui and Hubei north of the Yangtze River. 1st Military Region defended Henan. 3rd Military Region extended itself to defend Anhui south of the Yangtze. 4th Military Region extended its command to the coast of Fukien.

In early July 1938, during the battle of Wuhan the 9th Military Region was activated. It commanded units the 1st and 2nd Army Corps and the Wuhan Garrison, in Jiangxi west of Poyang Lake, southern Hupei and Hunan south of the Yangtze River.

Following the Battle of Wuhan the Chinese army was reorganized along with the Military Regions.

Region Area of Operations
1st Military Region Henan, part of northern Anhui
2nd Military Region Shanxi, part of Shensi
3rd Military Region Jiangsu, Anhui south of the Yangtze, Zhejiang, Fukien
4th Military Region Guangdong, Guangxi
5th Military Region Western Anhui, Hubei north of the Yangtze, southern Henan
8th Military Region Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Suiyuan
9th Military Region northwestern Jiangsi, Hubei south of the Yangtze, and Hunan
10th Military Region Shensi

Additionally there were two special Military Regions behind Japanese lines:

  • Shandong-Jiangsu Military Region - northern Jiangsu and Shandong.
  • Hopei-Chahar Military Region - Hopei and Chahar

6th Military Region was reactivated a second time in October 1939, after the first Battle of Changsha. It commanded forces in Hubei south of the Yangtze and west of the Hsiang River. It included forces formerly part of 9th Military Region.

Source

  • Hsu Long-hsuen and Chang Ming-kai, History of The Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) 2nd Ed. ,1971. Translated by Wen Ha-hsiung, Chung Wu Publishing; 33, 140th Lane, Tung-hwa Street, Taipei, Taiwan Republic of China.

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