- River Wyre
caption="Wyre estuary shown within
The River Wyre is a
riverin Lancashire, England, which flows into the Irish Seaat Fleetwood. It is approximately 28 miles (45km) in length. The river is a County Biological Heritage Site.
The river rises in the
Forest of Bowlandin central Lancashire, as two distinct tributaries, the Tarnbrook Wyre and the Marshaw Wyre, whose confluence is near the village of Abbeystead. A pumping station was built just below below the confluence as part of a water transfer scheme in the 1980s. During a site visit by villagers from nearby St Michael's On Wyrein 1984, a major explosion occasioned by a buildup of naturally-occurring methanegas occurred. Sixteen people were killed and a further 22 were injured.
From Abbeystead, the river flows south through
Dolphinholmeand Garstangto Catterallwhere it meets its first major tributary, the River Calder. The river then turns westward, flowing through St Michael's On Wyrewhere it is joined by its second major tributary, the River Brock. It becomes tidal near Little Eccleston.
It is crossed by a
toll bridge(normal fee is 40 pence) at Cartford, between Little Ecclestonand Out Rawcliffe. A former toll bridge, Shard Bridge, close to Poulton-le-Fylde, has been rebuilt and is now free. The Lancaster Canalcrosses on a small aqueductat Garstang. A pedestrian ferry runs between Fleetwood and Knott Endbut the ferry to the Isle of Manno longer runs.
Major industry exists at the former ICI site at Burn Naze, close to the estuary of the river. Originally an
alkaliworks taking brinefrom mines and wellsacross the river in and around Preesall. Later processes undertaken on the site included those dealing with Vinyl Chloride Monomer, although this was later moved to Runcornand ICI activity on the site wound up. Industrial activity by a number of various companies continues by the river, albeit on a much reduced scale.
The area around Burn Naze on the western side of the Wyre estuary was formerly known as "Bergerode", believed to be an
Old Englishterm for "shallow harbour", "beor grade". [William John Thomas et al, "Notes and Queries" (1850). Oxford University Press.] Fleetwoodat the mouth of the river was a major fishing port up until the latter half of the 20th century. Wyre Dock was built there between 1869 and 1877. With the decline in the size of the fleet, most of the dock complex has subsequently been converted to a marinaand the adjacent "Freeport" shopping village.
The river drains a total catchment area of approximately 175 square miles (450 km²). The tidal portion of the river below Cartford Bridge drains a catchment area of approximately 125 square miles (320 km²).cite web
title = Wyre Catchment Area Flood Management Plan
month = January | year = 2007
url = http://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/commondata/acrobat/wyre_summary_report_1697941.pdf
accessdate = 2007-10-25 ]
The Wyre is reputedly the longest river in England whose estuary can be seen from its source.Fact|date=February 2007
places = Location map~|Lancashire|lat=53.923|long=-3.015|label=
Fleetwood|background=#FAF7CD|label_size=85|position=left Location map~|Lancashire|lat=53.927|long=-2.979|label=Knott End |background=#FAF7CD|label_size=85| Location map~|Lancashire|lat=53.871|long=-3.004|label=Thornton |background=#FAF7CD|label_size=85|position=left Location map~|Lancashire|lat=53.863|long=-2.821|label=St Michael's|background=#FAF7CD|label_size=85 Location map~|Lancashire|lat=53.903|long=-2.768|label= Garstang|background=#FAF7CD|label_size=85 Location map~|Lancashire|lat=53.975|long=-2.733|label= Dolphinholme|background=#FAF7CD|label_size=85|position=left Location map~|Lancashire|lat=53.983|long=-2.672|label= Abbeystead|background=#FAF7CD|label_size=85 Location map~|Lancashire|lat=54.022|long=-2.607|label="Tarnbrook Source
"|background=#FAF7CD|label_size=85|mark=Blue pog.svg|position=top Location map~|Lancashire|lat=54.006|long=-2.580|label="Marshaw Source" |background=#FAF7CD|label_size=85|mark=Blue pog.svg
St Michael's on Wyre
*Wall Mill Pool
***Old River Brock
***New Mill Brook
**Clough Heads Brook
**Little Calder River
*Tithe Barn Brook
****Lower Within Syke
****Higher Within Syke
***Stick Close Beck
***White Moor Clough
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Wyre (disambiguation) — Wyre may be:* Wyre borough, a district in Lancashire, England ** the River Wyre after which it is named * Wyre Forest (district) in Worcestershire, England ** Wyre Forest after which it is named * Afon Wyre (Welsh for River Wyre ), a river in… … Wikipedia
Wyre — Infobox UK District name = Borough of Wyre status = Borough region = North West England admincounty = Lancashire area = Ranked 162nd 282.55 km² adminhq = Poulton le Fylde onscode = 30UQ population = Ranked English district rank|ONS=30UQ English… … Wikipedia
River Calder, Wyre — The River Calder is the main tributary of the River Wyre in Lancashire, England. It rises near Fiendsdale Head in the Forest of Bowland and flows through the villages of Oakenclough and Calder Vale before passing under the M6 motorway, West Coast … Wikipedia
River Calder (disambiguation) — There are several rivers named Calder in the United Kingdom:England * River Calder in West Yorkshire a major tributary of the River Aire * River Calder, Cumbria, flows into the Irish Sea near Sellafield * River Calder, Lancashire, a major… … Wikipedia
River Brock — The River Brock is a river running through the county of Lancashire in England.Commencing its journey on Fair Snape Fell, the infant River Brock runs beneath the Bleasdale Circle before continuing via Claughton and Bilsborrow to St Michael s On… … Wikipedia
Wyre — ▪ district, England, United Kingdom borough (district), administrative and historic county of Lancashire, northwestern England, bordering on the Irish Sea north and east of the resort of Blackpool. The borough, named for the River Wyre,… … Universalium
River Hodder — The River Hodder is a river in Lancashire, England. The river is a County Biological Heritage Site.It rises on White Hill and flows for 30 miles to the River Ribble, of which it is the largest tributary. The confluence of the rivers is an… … Wikipedia
River Loud — The River Loud is a river of Lancashire, England.Starting out on Parlick, the Loud meanders mainly through the parish of Chipping, tracing its course first southwest, then southeast and, at Gill Bridge by Withinreap Farm, east before veering… … Wikipedia
Wyre Forest — is a large, semi natural woodland and forest which straddles the borders of Worcestershire and Shropshire, England.Wyre Forest district takes its name from this forest, despite the fact that much of this woodland does not lie within the district… … Wikipedia
River Severn — Geobox|River name = River Severn native name = other name = Welsh: Afon Hafren other name1 = Latin: Sabrina image size = 288 image caption = The Severn at Shrewsbury from Shrewsbury Castle. etymology = country = Wales country1 = England state =… … Wikipedia