- 1904 Summer Olympics medal table
The 1904 Summer Olympics medal table is a list of
National Olympic Committees ranked by the number of medals won during the 1904 Summer Olympics, held in St. Louis, Missouri, United Statesfrom July 1to November 23, 1904as part of the St. Louis World's Fair. A total of 651 athletes from 12 nations participated in 91 events in 16 sports at these games. However, only 42 events included athletes from countries other than the United States.cite web |title=St. Louis 1904–Games of the III Olympiad |publisher=International Olympic Committee |url=http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/past/index_uk.asp?OLGT=1&OLGY=1904 |accessdate=2008-08-15 ] This list also includes medals awarded in the sport of water polo, which is mentioned in the games reports for the 1904 Summer Olympics but which is not included in the International Olympic Committee's medal database. The United States won all three medals in that competition, with a New York team taking first place, a Chicago team taking second, and a team from Missouri taking third. [cite book | last = Sullivan | first = James E. | title = Spalding's Official Athletic Almanac for 1905 | publisher = American Sports Publishing Company | date = 1905 | location = New York | pages = 221 | url = http://www.la84foundation.org/6oic/OfficialReports/1904/1904Spal.pdf]
Nine of the twelve participating nations earned medals, in addition to two medals won by mixed teams, i.e. teams made up of athletes from multiple nations. The United States dominated the medal count, winning the most gold (79), silver (83), and bronze (80) medals, and therefore winning the most medals overall (242).cite web |title=St. Louis 1904 - Medal Table |publisher=International Olympic Committee |url=http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/past/table_uk.asp?OLGT=1&OLGY=1904 |accessdate=2008-08-15]
Gold medals were awarded to event winners for the first time at the 1904 games. Prior to that, a silver medalwas awarded to first place finishers and a bronze medalto second place finishers.cite book | author = Mallon, Bill | year = 1998 | title = The 1900 Olympic Games, Results for All Competitors in All Events, with Commentary | publisher = McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers | location = Jefferson, North Carolina | id = ISBN 0-7864-0378-0] [cite book | last = Lucas | first = Charles J. P. | title = The Olympic Games 1904 | publisher = Woodward and Tiernan Printing Company | date = 1904 | location = St. Louis | url = http://www.aafla.org/6oic/OfficialReports/1904/1904lucas.pdf]
In the early Olympic Games, several team events were contested by athletes from multiple nations. [cite web |title=1896 - Summer Olympics I (Athens, Greece) |publisher=TSN |url=http://www.tsn.ca/olympics/feature/?fid=9337 |accessdate=2008-05-06] Retroactively, the IOC created the designation "Mixed team" (with the country code ZZX) to refer to these group of athletes. During the 1904 games, athletes participating in mixed teams won medals in Athletics and Fencing. Some athletes won medals both individually and as part of a mixed team, so these medals are tabulated under different nations in the official counts.
This is the full table of the medal count of the
1904 Summer Olympics, based on the medal count of the International Olympic Committee(IOC).Ref label|A|a|a These rankings sort by the number of gold medals earned by a country. The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If, after the above, countries are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically. This follows the system used by the IOC.
"To sort this table by nation, total medal count, or any other column, click on the icon next to the column title."
;NotesNote label|A|a|a There are sources, besides the International Olympic Committee (IOC), that display variations in the medal totals, but as the governing body of the Olympic Games, the IOC is considered the most authoritative source for the purposes of this article.
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