World Heritage Sites in Scotland

World Heritage Sites in Scotland

World Heritage Sites in Scotland are specific locations that have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage Programme list of sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common heritage of humankind. Historic Scotland is responsible for 'cultural' sites as part of their wider responsibility towards the historic environment. Scottish Natural Heritage are responsible for 'natural' sites. There are currently five sites in Scotland, with a further three undergoing a process of evaluation.

Existing sites

St. Kilda’ is a small, out-lying archipelago of Hebridean islands which was inscribed as a ‘natural’ site in 1986. In July 2005 it became one of the few World Heritage Sites to hold joint status for its natural, marine and cultural qualities. The islands were bequeathed to the National Trust for Scotland in 1957. They are also a Biosphere Reserve and a National Scenic Area.

‘Edinburgh Old and New Towns’, inscribed in 1996. The former includes the medieval Royal Mile which runs from Edinburgh Castle to the Palace of Holyroodhouse, and is bordered to the north by the neo-classical 18th century 'New Town' which includes Princes Street. It is managed by the Edinburgh World Heritage Trust.

‘The Heart of Neolithic Orkney’ includes Maeshowe, the Ring of Brodgar, Skara Brae, the Standing Stones of Stenness and other nearby sites. It was inscribed in 1999 and is managed by Historic Scotland.

New Lanark was inscribed in 2001. It is a restored 18th century industrial cotton mill village in South Lanarkshire constructed by Robert Owen as an experiment in utopian socialism. Restoration was organised by the New Lanark Conservation Trust, which was formed in 1974.

The Antonine Wall was inscribed in July 2008. [ [ "Wall gains World Heritage status'"] BBC News. Retrieved 8 July 2008.] It is one aspect of a wider series of sites in Austria, Germany and Slovakia for the local aspects of Roman occupation. The Wall is the remains of a defensive line made of turf circa 20 feet high, with nineteen forts. It was constructed after 139 AD and extended for 37 miles between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Clyde. The wall was over-run and abandoned soon after 160 AD, then occupied again for a brief period after 197 AD.

Commenting on World Heritage Day in 2008, Linda Fabiani the Scottish Minister for Europe, External Affairs and Culture stated: "We can... take the opportunity to reflect upon the contribution of our own World Heritage sites and their place in the global story of humanity. We can celebrate, with justified pride, Scotland's contribution". [Fabiani, Linda (18 April 2008) [ "History that is worth preserving – and worth celebrating, too."] Edinburgh. "The Scotsman". Retrieved 18 April 2008.]

Tentative list

The United Kingdom ‘Tentative List’ comprises sites which may be nominated for inscription over the next 5-10 years. Three Scottish sites are on the current list.

The Forth Bridge, the famous rail crossing constructed to a cantilever design and opened in 1890, is a potential cultural site. Located 14 km west of Edinburgh, its three diamond shaped towers carry a dual railway line 46 m above the water over a distance of 2.5 km.

The Cairngorms are a mountain massif at the heart of the Cairngorms National Park, which includes the largest area of arctic mountain landscape in the UK and is a natural nomination. It is unique in Britain for the richness of its boreal forest fauna and the variety of its arctic and alpine vegetation.

The Flow Country of Caithness and Sutherland in the north of Scotland is one of the largest and most intact areas of blanket bog in the world, supporting a distinctive wildlife community. Its 4,000 square kilometres support numerous rare plants and insects and important populations of Golden Plover, Dunlin, Greenshank, and Black-throated Divers. This site is also a natural candidate.

ee also

*Prehistoric Scotland
*Prehistoric Orkney
*List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom
*List of World Heritage Sites in Europe


* [ UNESCO site for UK World Heritage] Retrieved 03.01.2007.
* [ UNESCO Tentative lists] Retrieved 05.01.2007.
* [ Scottish Executive policy for World Heritage Sites] Retrieved 03.01.2007.
* [ Historic Scotland - World Heritage] Retrieved 03.01.2007.
* [ Historic Scotland - UK Tentative List] Retrieved 03.01.2007.
* [ Scottish Natural Heritage - peatlands] Retrieved 01.01.2007.
* [ RSPB Forsinard reserve] Retrieved 05.01.2007.
* [ Antonine Wall nomination] Retrieved 03.01.2007.
*Keay, J. & Keay, J. (1994) "Collins Encyclopaedia of Scotland". London. HarperCollins.
*Robertson, Anne S. (1960) "The Antonine Wall". Glasgow Archaeological Society.
*Watson, Adam (1975) "The Cairngorms". Edinburgh. The Scottish Mountaineering Trust.


External links

* [ St Kilda]
* [ Neolithic Orkney]
* [ New Lanark]
* [ Edinburgh World Heritage Trust]
* [ Cairngorms National Park Authority]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom — The List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom is a list of sites designated by the UNESCO as World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom.The UNESCO list contains seventeen designated properties in England (one joint with Germany),… …   Wikipedia

  • List of World Heritage Sites in Europe — This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe. Asia Minor, Cyprus, all of the Aegean Islands, the Canaries and Madeira are included although the first two and some of the third are geographically located in Asia whereas the latter… …   Wikipedia

  • Historic sites in Scotland — There are thousands of historic sites and attractions in Scotland. These include Neolithic Standing stones and Stone Circles, Bronze Age settlements, Iron Age Brochs and Crannogs, Pictish stones, Roman forts and camps, Viking settlements,… …   Wikipedia

  • Scotland Office — Scotland This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Scotland …   Wikipedia

  • Scotland — For other uses, see Scotland (disambiguation). Scotland  (English/Scots) Alba  (Scottish Gaelic) …   Wikipedia

  • Scotland in the modern era — History of Scotland This article is part of a series Chronologicy …   Wikipedia

  • World Monuments Fund — The World Monuments Fund (WMF) is a New York based private, non profit organization dedicated to the preservation of historic architecture and cultural heritage sites worldwide through fieldwork, advocacy, grantmaking, education, and training.… …   Wikipedia

  • Heritage interpretation — A typical roadside interpretive sign for events of the American Civil War. Note the use of a map, photographs, and text to explain the subject, sited at a relevant location. Heritage interpretation is the communication of information about, or… …   Wikipedia

  • Heritage Square (of Fayetteville NC) — Infobox nrhp2 | name =Fayetteville Women s Club and Oval Ballroom nrhp type = caption = The Oval Ballroom from Dick Street location= Fayetteville, North Carolina lat degrees = 35 lat minutes = 2 lat seconds = 53 lat direction = N long degrees =… …   Wikipedia

  • St Kilda, Scotland — Infobox Scottish island latitude=57.8 longitude= 8.6 GridReference=NF095995 celtic name=Hiort norse name=Possibly Skildir meaning of name= Unknown, possibly Gaelic for westland area= 854.6 ha area rank= highest elevation= Conachair 430 m… …   Wikipedia