- World Heritage Sites in Scotland
World Heritage Sites in Scotland are specific locations that have been included in the
UNESCOWorld Heritage Programme list of sites of outstanding culturalor naturalimportance to the common heritage of humankind. Historic Scotlandis responsible for 'cultural' sites as part of their wider responsibility towards the historic environment. Scottish Natural Heritageare responsible for 'natural' sites. There are currently five sites in Scotland, with a further three undergoing a process of evaluation.
‘St. Kilda’ is a small, out-lying
archipelagoof Hebridean islands which was inscribed as a ‘natural’ site in 1986. In July 2005 it became one of the few World Heritage Sitesto hold joint status for its natural, marine and cultural qualities. The islands were bequeathed to the National Trust for Scotlandin 1957. They are also a Biosphere Reserveand a National Scenic Area.
‘Edinburgh Old and New Towns’, inscribed in
1996. The former includes the medieval Royal Milewhich runs from Edinburgh Castleto the Palace of Holyroodhouse, and is bordered to the north by the neo-classical 18th century 'New Town' which includes Princes Street. It is managed by the Edinburgh World Heritage Trust.
Heart of Neolithic Orkney’ includes Maeshowe, the Ring of Brodgar, Skara Brae, the Standing Stones of Stennessand other nearby sites. It was inscribed in 1999 and is managed by Historic Scotland. New Lanarkwas inscribed in 2001. It is a restored 18th century industrial cotton millvillage in South Lanarkshireconstructed by Robert Owenas an experiment in utopian socialism. Restoration was organised by the New Lanark Conservation Trust, which was formed in 1974.
Antonine Wallwas inscribed in July 2008. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/tayside_and_central/7494680.stm "Wall gains World Heritage status'"] BBC News. Retrieved 8 July 2008.] It is one aspect of a wider series of sites in Austria, Germanyand Slovakiafor the local aspects of Roman occupation. The Wall is the remains of a defensive line made of turf circa 20 feet high, with nineteen forts. It was constructed after 139 AD and extended for 37 miles between the Firth of Forthand the Firth of Clyde. The wall was over-run and abandoned soon after 160 AD, then occupied again for a brief period after 197 AD.
Commenting on World Heritage Day in 2008,
Linda Fabianithe Scottish Minister for Europe, External Affairs and Culturestated: "We can... take the opportunity to reflect upon the contribution of our own World Heritage sites and their place in the global story of humanity. We can celebrate, with justified pride, Scotland's contribution". [Fabiani, Linda ( 18 April 2008) [http://thescotsman.scotsman.com/opinion/History-that-is-worth-preserving.3995835.jp "History that is worth preserving – and worth celebrating, too."] Edinburgh. "The Scotsman". Retrieved 18 April 2008.]
United Kingdom‘Tentative List’ comprises sites which may be nominated for inscription over the next 5-10 years. Three Scottish sites are on the current list.
The Forth Bridge, the famous rail crossing constructed to a
cantileverdesign and opened in 1890, is a potential cultural site. Located 14 km west of Edinburgh, its three diamond shaped towers carry a dual railwayline 46 m above the water over a distance of 2.5 km.
Cairngormsare a mountain massif at the heart of the Cairngorms National Park, which includes the largest area of arcticmountain landscape in the UK and is a natural nomination. It is unique in Britain for the richness of its boreal forest fauna and the variety of its arctic and alpine vegetation.
Flow Countryof Caithnessand Sutherlandin the north of Scotland is one of the largest and most intact areas of blanket bogin the world, supporting a distinctive wildlife community. Its 4,000 square kilometres support numerous rare plants and insects and important populations of Golden Plover, Dunlin, Greenshank, and Black-throated Divers. This site is also a natural candidate.
List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom
List of World Heritage Sites in Europe
* [http://whc.unesco.org/en/statesparties/gb UNESCO site for UK World Heritage] Retrieved 03.01.2007.
* [http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/state=gb UNESCO Tentative lists] Retrieved 05.01.2007.
* [http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/business/research/pdf_res_notes/rn01-73.pdf Scottish Executive policy for World Heritage Sites] Retrieved 03.01.2007.
* [http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/world_heritage_scotland Historic Scotland - World Heritage] Retrieved 03.01.2007.
* [http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/index/policyandguidance/world_heritage_scotland/world-heritage-uk-list.htm Historic Scotland - UK Tentative List] Retrieved 03.01.2007.
* [http://www.snh.org.uk/scottish/nhighland/peatlandsofcsl.asp Scottish Natural Heritage - peatlands] Retrieved 01.01.2007.
* [http://www.rspb.org.uk/countryside/managingreserves/studies/forsinard/index.asp RSPB Forsinard reserve] Retrieved 05.01.2007.
* [http://www.scotland.gov.uk/News/Releases/2003/02/3152 Antonine Wall nomination] Retrieved 03.01.2007.
*Keay, J. & Keay, J. (1994) "Collins Encyclopaedia of Scotland". London. HarperCollins.
*Robertson, Anne S. (1960) "The Antonine Wall". Glasgow Archaeological Society.
*Watson, Adam (1975) "The Cairngorms". Edinburgh. The Scottish Mountaineering Trust.
* [http://www.kilda.org.uk/ St Kilda]
* [http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/index/policyandguidance/world_heritage_scotland/world_heritage_sites/world-heritage-neolithic-orkney.htm Neolithic Orkney]
* [http://www.newlanark.org/ New Lanark]
* [http://www.ewht.org.uk/Home.aspx Edinburgh World Heritage Trust]
* [http://www.cairngorms.co.uk/ Cairngorms National Park Authority]
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